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WEST VIRGINIA
Population: 1,808,344

Information on the state of West Virginia is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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Mark S. Whittaker, Assistant Director
Fairmont District Office
107-109 Adams Street, 5th Floor, 512
Fairmont, West Virginia 26554
(304) 367-2752
(304) 367-2755 (fax)
mwhittaker@wvdhhr.org

or

Ronald K. Forren, Director
WV Bureau for Public Health
Office of Environmental Health Services
Public Health Sanitation Division
815 Quarrier Street, Suite 418
Charleston, West Virginia 25301
(304) 558-2981
(304) 558-1071 (fax)
rforren@wvdhhr.org

http://www.state.wv.us/

 

Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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West Virginia State Regulations

West Virginia Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

Design Standards for Individual and On-Site Sewage Systems
Part V, Individual Sewage Systems
Chapter 16-4, Series VII
December 1983

Sewage System Rules
Title 64, Series 9
May 1998

Onsite regulations for West Virginia were last amended in May 1998. Although regulations are not currently under revision, "design standards" are due for revision in the legislative session of January-March, 2002.

In West Virginia, onsite wastewater regulations are split between local and State health departments (less than or equal to 600 gpd), State health department and engineers (greater than or equal to 600 gpd), and the Department of Environmental Protection (discharge permits for all surface discharges). For additional information, contact:


Clifton Browning
Department of Environmental Protection
1201 Greenbrier Street
Charleston, WV 25311-1088
(304) 558-5905 (phone and fax)

Surface discharge is an option for surface sand filters, but an NPDES permit is required; the permit is issued by the Department of Environmental Protection.

West Virginia Code allows for drainfield area/size reductions, based on the technology.

A funding program exists to assist homeowners either replacing a failing system or installing a new one. Questions may be directed to different community service agencies throughout the state.

For information about onsite wastewater demonstration, research, or testing projects in West Virginia, contact Mr. Whittaker.

West Virginia Code does not require management programs/contracts or districts to monitor and maintain onsite systems or individual liquid waste systems, but there are plans to develop such programs within the next year. West Virginia Code requires perpetual maintenance for all mechanical sewage treatment systems. Plans are to incorporate training and/or oversight of these perpetual maintenance providers.

The State has not formed a public utility type company or entity for operation, management, and maintenance, and there are no plans to do so.

It is estimated that there are 75,000-100,000 single-family onsite systems currently in use in West Virginia; an estimated 2,000-2,500 business/commercial; and 5,000-10,000 subdivision systems in use.

Repair or replacement of a system does not automatically mean that the system is considered a failed system. A drainfield failure would be considered a system failure; whereas, a tank failure may not be considered a system failure. A tank replacement and/or a drainfield replacement would be considered a modification of the original system; a tank and drainfield replacement would be considered a system replacement.

 

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: Reportedly about 500,000; 1990 U.S. census reports about
320,000.
Number of new systems installed each year: About 9000.
Failure definition: Backup, and discharge of sewage to surface or groundwaters.
Number or proportion of systems presently failing: 60%.
Number or proportion repaired annually: 10%.
Number or proportion replaced annually: 7%.
Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
Home Aerobic Unit (HAU) surface discharging systems are
supported in the state for remediations. Less commonly used alternatives include low pressure
pipe, mounds, and sand filters. Numbers or ratios NA.
Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal):
Disinfection is required of the HAUs.
Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $3000; range, $1200-$6000.
Cost of a centralized sewer tie-in (including fees and cost of the sewer lateral):
Approximately, $6000.

 

Septic Stats:
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TOTAL PERSONS TOTAL HOUSING UNITS PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER SOURCE PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
WEST VIRGINIA 1,793,477 781,295 563,191 166,306 17,792 34,006 427,930 318,697 34,668
COUNTIES
BARBOUR 15,699 6,956 4,656 1,688 127 485 2,544 4,010 402
BERKELY 59,253 25,385 16,594 7,832 498 461 11,300 13,134 951
BOONE 25,870 10,705 5,221 4,744 640 100 2,431 7,956 318
BRAXTON 12,998 5,708 2,507 2,649 210 342 1,100 4,045 563
BROOKE 26,992 10,838 9,818 715 113 192 6,807 3,923 108
CABELL 96,827 43,596 39,537 3,169 366 524 34,553 8,456 587
CALHOUN 7,885 3,446 1,041 2,056 114 235 484 2,628 334
CLAY 9,983 4,359 1,153 2,369 440 397 463 3,510 386
DODDRIDGE 6,994 3,251 581 2,387 169 114 551 2,268 432
GILMER 7,669 3,243 838 2,148 150 107 819 2,140 284
GRANT 10,428 4,746 3,237 819 119 571 1,423 3,007 316
GREENBRIER 34,693 16,757 9,229 5,449 382 1,697 8,486 7,158 1,113
FAYETTE 47,952 20,841 16,392 2,703 521 1,225 12,053 7,972 816
HAMPSHIRE 16,498 8,817 2,544 5,003 301 969 1,239 6,577 1,001
HANCOCK 35,233 14,697 13,331 1,127 80 159 10,804 3,843 50
HARDY 10,977 5,573 1,803 2,668 249 853 1,444 3,431 698
HARRISON 69,371 29,988 26,475 3,033 168 312 20,278 8,515 1,195
JACKSON 25,938 10,571 5,618 4,193 337 423 4,144 5,932 495
JEFFERSON 35,926 14,606 7,384 6,390 408 424 5,906 8,486 214
KANAWHA 207,619 92,747 84,607 6,343 1,045 752 71,439 20,197 1,111
LEWIS 17,223 7,454 4,461 2,721 146 126 3,202 3,994 258
LINCOLN 21,382 8,429 3,221 4,549 530 129 1,416 6,402 611
LOGAN 43,032 16,848 11,657 4,153 582 456 5,861 9,631 1,356
MARION 57,249 25,491 23,836 1,129 85 441 18,203 6,555 733
MARSHALL 37,356 15,630 13,167 1,536 426 501 9,321 5,959 350
MASON 25,178 10,932 8,009 2,044 351 528 4,588 5,892 452
MCDOWELL 35,233 15,330 9,065 3,921 804 1,540 4,842 6,896 3,592
MERCER 64,980 28,426 20,758 5,711 516 1,441 18,618 8,684 1,124
MINERAL 26,697 10,930 7,201 2,926 301 502 5,770 4,988 172
MINGO 33,739 13,087 4,796 7,156 878 257 4,470 8,021 596
MONONGALIA 75,509 31,563 29,262 1,723 211 367 21,338 9,265 960
MONROE 12,406 5,994 1,935 2,758 221 1,080 1,405 4,077 512
MORGAN 12,128 6,757 1,754 4,604 194 205 1,447 5,032 278
NICHOLAS 26,775 11,235 6,935 3,132 373 795 3,786 6,897 552
OHIO 50,871 23,229 22,207 624 69 329 20,704 2,359 166
PENDLETON 8,054 4,516 1,213 1,518 200 1,585 584 3,066 866
PLEASANTS 7,546 3,134 1,962 862 89 221 1,488 1,571 75
POCAHONTAS 9,008 5,579 1,398 3,108 212 861 1,271 3,916 392
PRESTON 29,037 12,137 5,493 4,140 441 2,063 3,775 7,566 796
PUTNAM 42,835 16,884 12,752 2,968 304 860 10,033 6,149 702
RALEIGH 76,819 33,278 29,948 2,046 390 894 19,327 13,001 950
RANDOLPH 27,803 12,548 7,641 2,953 514 1,440 6,566 5,304 678
RITCHIE 10,233 4,936 1,884 2,476 189 387 1,668 2,752 516
ROANE 15,120 6,611 2,415 3,570 184 442 1,852 4,190 569
SUMMERS 14,204 6,769 2,648 3,393 207 521 2,055 4,101 613
TAYLOR 15,144 6,528 5,199 932 113 284 3,175 3,013 340
TUCKER 7,728 3,900 2,134 923 108 735 1,904 1,670 326
TYLER 9,796 4,441 2,140 1,849 192 260 1,991 2,284 166
UPSHUR 22,867 9,506 5,995 2,476 256 779 3,817 5,206 483
WAYNE 41,636 16,991 11,873 4,306 602 210 7,167 9,039 785
WEBSTER 10,729 5,072 2,182 1,672 326 892 1,525 2,799 748
WETZEL 19,258 8,129 5,017 2,660 209 243 4,049 3,252 828
WIRT 5,192 2,795 931 1,522 85 257 673 1,890 232
WOOD 86,915 37,620 33,566 2,822 310 922 28,368 8,633 619
WYOMING 28,990 11,756 5,970 3,938 737 1,111 3,403 7,455 898

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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An EPA “Demo 1” project is located in Monongalia County: the Chestnut Ridge Plant, near
Morgantown.

Onsite Management Communities:
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Monongalia County