Other States:
VIRGINIA
Population: 7,078,515

Information on the state of Virginia is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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Donald Alexander, Director, Division of Sewage & Water Services, or
Allen Knapp, Enforcement Officer
Virginia Office of Environmental
Health Services
1500 E. Main St., Rm. 115
Richmond, Virginia 23219
(804) 225-4030 or (804) 225-4029 (respectively)
(804) 225-4003 (fax)

dalexander@vdh.state.va.us

aknapp@vdh.state.va.us

http://www.vdh.state.va.us/onsite/

 

Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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Virginia State Regulations

Virginia Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

Sewage Handling and Disposal Regulations
July 1, 2000

Onsite regulations for Virginia were last amended in July 2000. Regulations are not currently under revision; however, sections in Sewage Handling and Disposal Regulations are to be revised prior to July 31, 2001, and include:
· Mass drainfields will be added;
· Percent rock as limited factor; and
· Reduced "footprint"/absorption for pretreatment.

In Virginia, the Virginia Department of Health has sole responsibility for onsite wastewater regulations.

Within the past year, two new technologies have been added to State regulations: peat filters and filterbeds (for sloping sites).

Surface discharge is an option for technologies capable of secondary or better treatment. The required NPDES permit is issued by the Department of Environmental Quality (non-residential), or the Virginia Department of Health (less than or equal to 1,000 gpd single family dwelling).

State Code does not allow drainfield area/size reductions.

Funding is available to assist homeowners replacing failing systems. Questions may be directed to Don Wampler, Department of Environmental Quality, at (804) 698-4132.

For information about ongoing onsite wastewater demonstration, research, and testing projects, contact Anish Jantrania, P.E., Technical Services, at (804) 225-4019, fax to (804) 225-4003, email to ajantrania@vdh.state.va.us, or write to the address given above.

Virginia Code does not require management programs/contracts or districts for surface water; however, the Department has proposed revisions (footprint regulations that include operation and maintenance requirements for all systems). The Department is also negotiating operation and maintenance schemes with both public and private sector organizations.

Virginia has not formed a public utility type company or entity for operation, management, and maintenance, nor are there plans to do so.

Data are not available for onsite systems currently in use in Virginia, nor are permits for new construction or system repair/replacement tracked.

In Virginia, a failed system is one for which sewage is backing up into a building, or there is pollution to groundwater; effluent appears on the ground surface, ditches, or waterways; or insects, animals, or humans are exposed to effluent (Ref.: 12 VAC 5-610-350 of Sewage Handling and Disposal Regulations).

 

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: 850,000-1 million, estimated; 1990 U.S. census reports
700,000.

Number of new systems installed each year: 20,000-25,000.

Failure definition: Sewage backup to house, or surface expression of effluent.

Number or proportion of systems presently failing: NA

Number or proportion repaired annually: 2000+.

Number or proportion replaced annually: 2000+.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
Less than 10% of either repairs or replacements involve either
alternative or advanced technology.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal):
See above.

Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $2000-$5000.

Cost of a centralized sewer tie-in (including fees and cost of the sewer lateral):
$800-$10,000, highly variable; in some areas fees are kept high to discourage growth.

 

Septic Stats:
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  SQ MILES TOTAL PERSONS INSIDE URBAN AREA OUTSIDE URBAN AREA RURAL FARM RURAL NON-FARM TOTAL HOUSING UNITS OCCUPIED VACANT INSIDE URBAN OUTSIDE URBAN RURAL FARM RURAL NON-FARM PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER SOURCE PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
VIRGINIA 39,700 6,187,358 3,829,615 463,992 80,560 1,813,191 2,496,334 2,291,830 204,504 1,537,572 188,464 30,816 739,482 1,900,436 444,953 94,284 56,661 1,740,787 707,409 48,138
COUNTIES                                        
ACCOMACK 455 31,703 0 3,572 1,079 27,052 15,840 12,653 3,187 0 3,167 399 12,274 4,957 9,225 1,496 162 1,367 13,375 1,098
ALBEMARLE 723 68,040 27,255 2,650 1,494 36,641 25,958 24,433 1,525 10,144 1,111 604 14,099 14,035 10,307 846 770 11,022 14,411 525
ALLEGHANY 446 13,176 0 0 253 12,923 5,481 4,942 539 0 0 78 5,403 2,422 2,311 263 485 2,052 3,093 336
AMELIA 357 8,787 0 0 724 8,063 3,439 3,131 308 0 0 242 3,197 89 1,975 1,331 44 299 2,875 265
AMHERST 475 28,578 12,240 0 469 15,869 10,598 9,827 771 4,348 0 213 6,037 5,991 3,535 406 666 1,914 8,218 466
APPOMATTOX 334 12,298 0 0 604 11,694 4,913 4,531 382 0 0 192 4,721 857 3,412 497 147 622 4,130 161
ARLINGTON 26 170,936 170,936 0 0 0 84,847 78,520 6,327 84,847 0 0 0 84,738 96 6 7 84,479 255 113
AUGUSTA 972 54,677 0 11,896 3,265 39,516 21,202 19,781 1,421 0 4,470 1,072 15,660 9,652 8,501 684 2,365 5,402 14,912 888
BATH 532 4,799 0 0 194 4,605 2,596 1,895 701 0 0 84 2,512 1,065 730 115 686 814 1,391 391
BEDFORD 755 45,656 5,732 0 1,654 38,270 19,641 17,292 2,349 2,338 0 593 16,710 4,585 12,779 1,022 1,255 1,325 17,710 606
BLAND 359 6,514 0 0 408 6,106 2,706 2,244 462 0 0 166 2,540 405 1,450 153 698 47 2,335 324
BOTETOURT 543 24,992 65 2,801 689 21,437 9,785 9,148 637 64 992 279 8,450 3,490 5,303 351 641 1,731 7,677 377
BRUNSWICK 566 15,987 0 0 832 15,155 6,456 5,499 957 0 0 366 6,090 1,381 2,892 2,059 124 1,040 4,999 417
BUCHANAN 504 31,333 0 0 479 30,854 12,222 11,061 1,161 0 0 150 12,072 2,746 7,553 787 1,136 1,297 10,034 891
BUCKINGHAM 581 12,873 0 0 513 12,360 5,013 4,341 672 0 0 190 4,823 463 3,628 681 241 370 4,211 432
CAMPBELL 504 47,572 14,120 3,686 1,142 28,624 19,008 17,952 1,056 5,745 1,618 427 11,218 8,088 9,199 1,366 355 3,570 14,860 578
CAROLINE 533 19,217 0 0 467 18,750 7,292 6,631 661 0 0 213 7,079 1,937 2,960 2,255 140 840 5,906 546
CARROLL 477 26,594 0 0 892 25,702 12,209 10,463 1,746 0 0 401 11,808 1,376 7,711 981 2,141 1,200 10,380 629
CHARLES CITY 182 6,282 0 0 112 6,170 2,314 2,161 153 0 0 45 2,269 191 1,240 855 28 18 2,070 226
CHARLOTTE 475 11,688 0 0 733 10,955 4,947 4,312 635 0 0 293 4,654 893 3,270 662 122 459 3,990 498
CHESTERFIELD 426 209,274 174,815 0 457 34,002 77,329 73,441 3,888 64,700 0 172 12,457 68,546 6,030 2,623 130 58,860 18,177 292
CLARKE 177 12,101 0 3,097 769 8,235 4,531 4,236 295 0 1,096 309 3,126 1,705 2,521 142 163 1,228 3,115 188
CRAIG 330 4,372 0 0 178 4,194 1,993 1,676 317 0 0 68 1,925 417 1,149 91 336 428 1,425 140
CULPEPPER 381 27,791 0 8,581 924 18,286 10,471 9,757 714 0 3,647 327 6,497 4,368 5,464 366 273 3,739 6,175 557
CUMBERLAND 299 7,825 0 347 597 6,881 3,170 2,813 357 0 203 252 2,715 233 2,102 692 143 197 2,629 344
DICKENSON 332 17,620 0 0 430 17,190 7,112 6,457 655 0 0 130 6,982 3,152 2,590 232 1,138 1,058 5,180 874
DINWIDDIE 504 20,960 3,521 0 1,131 16,308 8,023 7,492 531 1,409 0 398 6,216 2,366 3,571 2,030 56 2,011 5,677 335
ESSEX 258 8,689 0 0 368 8,321 4,073 3,258 815 0 0 157 3,916 1,148 1,711 1,167 47 814 3,005 254
FAIRFAX 396 818,584 791,815 6,945 196 19,628 307,966 292,345 15,621 298,948 2,308 36 6,674 295,860 10,780 1,248 78 287,564 19,748 654
FAUQUIER 650 48,741 0 4,830 2,267 41,644 17,716 16,509 1,207 0 2,105 823 14,788 6,643 10,041 759 273 4,721 12,592 403
FLOYD 381 12,005 0 0 985 11,020 5,505 4,763 742 0 0 403 5,102 441 3,005 239 1,820 410 4,622 473
FLUVANNA 287 12,429 0 0 426 12,003 5,035 4,518 517 0 0 175 4,860 1,484 2,791 601 159 1,164 3,599 272
FRANKLIN 692 39,549 0 4,098 1,713 33,738 17,526 14,655 2,871 0 1,730 629 15,167 4,667 10,223 1,094 1,542 2,636 14,267 623
FREDERICK 415 45,723 0 0 999 44,724 17,864 16,470 1,394 0 0 389 17,475 7,992 8,968 480 424 7,205 9,975 684
GILES 358 16,366 0 0 518 15,848 7,098 6,461 637 0 0 249 6,849 3,927 1,664 98 1,409 2,560 4,277 261
GLOUCESTER 217 30,131 8,899 0 406 20,826 12,451 10,966 1,485 3,726 0 181 8,544 1,897 8,877 1,617 60 1,109 10,790 552
GOOCHLAND 284 14,163 0 0 623 13,540 5,203 4,880 323 0 0 235 4,968 620 3,076 1,393 114 247 4,622 334
GRAYSON 443 16,278 0 0 844 15,434 7,529 6,468 1,061 0 0 388 7,141 948 4,134 315 2,132 854 5,960 715
GREENE 157 10,297 0 0 371 9,926 4,154 3,749 405 0 0 143 4,011 1,622 1,848 327 357 550 3,385 219
GREENSVILLE 295 8,853 0 0 472 8,381 3,393 3,150 243 0 0 178 3,215 1,023 1,135 1,200 35 672 2,491 230
HALIFAX 814 29,033 0 0 2,176 26,857 11,790 10,728 1,062 0 0 895 10,895 1,628 8,062 1,721 379 1,625 9,040 1,125
HANOVER 473 63,306 23,144 5,864 1,164 33,134 23,727 22,628 1,099 8,972 2,106 404 12,245 11,614 6,835 5,116 162 8,886 14,153 688
HENRICO 238 217,881 201,382 0 308 16,191 94,539 89,138 5,401 88,528 0 102 5,909 87,067 4,116 3,271 85 85,198 9,039 302
HENRY 382 56,942 0 7,302 842 48,798 23,169 21,771 1,398 0 3,322 265 19,582 11,708 9,429 1,379 653 7,836 14,562 771
HIGHLAND 416 2,635 0 0 436 2,199 1,759 1,081 678 0 0 187 1,572 309 672 68 710 218 1,232 309
ISLE OF WIGHT 316 25,053 0 4,686 933 19,434 9,753 9,032 721 0 1,859 364 7,530 4,680 3,915 1,112 46 2,362 7,060 331
JAMES CITY 143 34,859 16,542 0 167 18,150 14,330 12,968 1,362 6,853 0 86 7,391 10,799 2,873 607 51 10,122 4,097 111
KING AND QUEEN 316 6,289 0 0 420 5,869 2,698 2,339 359 0 0 168 2,530 98 1,450 1,143 7 14 2,504 180
KING GEORGE 180 13,527 0 0 398 13,129 5,280 4,736 544 0 0 135 5,145 2,463 1,944 836 37 1,406 3,708 166
KING WILLIAM 275 10,913 0 2,938 339 7,636 4,193 3,834 359 0 1,184 156 2,853 1,200 1,916 1,064 13 1,162 2,826 205
LANCASTER 133 10,896 0 0 221 10,675 5,918 4,564 1,354 0 0 98 5,820 2,151 2,033 1,679 55 675 4,904 339
LEE 437 24,496 0 0 1,816 22,680 10,263 9,231 1,032 0 0 745 9,518 4,756 2,739 429 2,339 1,700 7,563 1,000
LOUDOUN 520 86,129 39,909 19,580 2,103 24,537 32,932 30,490 2,442 14,073 8,500 785 9,574 24,420 7,556 546 410 24,256 8,325 351
LOUISA 497 20,325 0 0 955 19,370 9,080 7,427 1,653 0 0 326 8,754 1,259 5,307 2,225 289 647 7,674 759
LUNENBURG 432 11,419 0 0 827 10,592 5,065 4,423 642 0 0 342 4,723 1,433 2,679 829 124 1,365 3,421 279
MADISON 321 11,949 0 0 874 11,075 4,547 4,144 403 0 0 280 4,267 365 2,940 613 629 159 3,989 399
MATHEWS 86 8,348 0 0 103 8,245 4,725 3,530 1,195 0 0 51 4,674 173 4,031 495 26 240 4,230 255
MECKLENBURG 624 29,241 0 4,217 1,247 23,777 14,589 11,244 3,345 0 1,822 550 12,217 5,205 7,354 1,621 409 4,586 8,787 1,216
MIDDLESEX 130 8,653 0 0 295 8,358 5,486 3,530 1,956 0 0 90 5,396 775 2,548 2,105 58 483 4,790 213
MONTGOMERY 388 73,913 0 49,662 784 23,467 27,770 26,241 1,529 0 18,173 305 9,292 20,731 5,766 408 865 18,188 9,088 494
NELSON 472 12,778 0 0 543 12,235 7,063 4,807 2,256 0 0 231 6,832 2,020 3,414 475 1,154 1,853 4,310 900
NEW KENT 210 10,445 0 0 313 10,132 3,968 3,718 250 0 0 93 3,875 1,018 2,125 781 44 41 3,836 91
NORTHAMPTON 207 13,061 0 0 593 12,468 6,183 5,129 1,054 0 0 188 5,995 1,679 3,507 864 133 932 4,641 610
NORTHUMBERLAND 192 10,524 0 0 503 10,021 6,841 4,492 2,349 0 0 215 6,626 1,754 2,826 2,211 50 522 5,879 440
NOTTOWAY 315 14,993 0 3,497 729 10,767 5,732 5,244 488 0 1,457 261 4,014 2,941 1,995 606 190 2,588 2,913 231
ORANGE 342 21,421 0 2,582 724 18,115 9,038 7,930 1,108 0 1,063 316 7,659 4,186 3,907 730 215 3,630 5,097 311
PAGE 311 21,690 0 4,587 720 16,383 8,948 8,055 893 0 2,013 305 6,630 4,343 3,138 602 865 3,390 5,228 330
PATRICK 483 17,473 0 0 817 16,656 8,125 6,908 1,217 0 0 335 7,790 984 5,351 598 1,192 602 6,990 533
PITTSYLVANIA 971 55,655 1,140 0 3,606 50,909 22,861 20,613 2,248 474 0 1,374 21,013 3,790 15,996 2,370 705 1,924 19,569 1,368
POWHATAN 261 15,328 0 0 341 14,987 4,910 4,672 238 0 0 146 4,764 246 3,089 1,556 19 65 4,689 156
PRINCE EDWARD 353 17,320 0 5,637 565 11,118 6,075 5,373 702 0 1,590 212 4,273 1,714 3,504 706 151 1,703 4,099 273
PRINCE GEORGE 266 27,394 10,063 0 336 16,995 8,640 8,250 390 2,305 0 151 6,184 3,793 3,792 1,051 4 3,513 4,913 214
PRINCE WILLIAM 338 215,686 157,749 16,450 653 40,834 74,759 69,709 5,050 55,399 5,411 206 13,743 63,140 10,612 937 70 62,618 11,820 321
PULASKI 321 34,496 0 9,985 667 23,844 14,740 13,349 1,391 0 4,376 263 10,101 10,382 3,486 263 609 6,383 7,908 449
RAPPAHANNOCK 267 6,622 0 0 427 6,195 2,964 2,496 468 0 0 163 2,801 145 2,123 253 443 176 2,538 250
RICHMOND 191 7,273 0 0 537 6,736 3,179 2,645 534 0 0 199 2,980 538 1,364 1,196 81 420 2,469 290
ROANOKE 251 79,332 58,150 0 339 20,843 31,689 30,355 1,334 23,605 0 174 7,910 23,759 6,877 430 623 21,059 10,441 189
ROCKBRIDGE 600 18,350 0 0 940 17,410 7,975 7,202 773 0 0 378 7,597 2,308 3,480 403 1,784 1,304 5,958 713
ROCKINGHAM 851 57,482 0 3,904 4,032 49,546 22,614 20,750 1,864 0 1,342 1,354 19,918 7,751 11,017 821 3,025 6,218 15,308 1,088
RUSSELL 475 28,667 0 3,810 1,287 23,570 11,558 10,641 917 0 1,611 523 9,424 4,342 4,456 331 2,429 2,417 8,159 982
SCOTT 537 23,204 4,165 0 2,280 16,759 10,003 8,966 1,037 1,921 0 907 7,175 3,655 3,409 525 2,414 1,806 7,314 883
SHENANDOAH 512 31,636 0 7,038 1,270 23,328 15,160 12,452 2,708 0 3,071 551 11,538 7,186 5,649 498 1,827 6,395 7,861 904
SMYTH 452 32,370 0 6,630 1,439 24,301 13,132 12,234 898 0 2,795 541 9,796 8,918 2,971 205 1,038 4,705 7,866 561
SOUTHAMPTON 600 17,550 0 0 901 16,649 6,560 6,009 551 0 0 334 6,226 2,581 2,664 1,226 89 1,109 4,794 657
SPOTSYLVANIA 401 57,403 24,293 2,744 840 29,526 20,483 18,945 1,538 8,675 961 274 10,573 11,480 6,092 2,820 91 11,061 8,993 429
STAFFORD 270 61,236 13,134 6,308 255 41,539 20,529 19,415 1,114 4,757 2,021 109 13,642 12,686 5,638 2,150 55 11,707 8,499 323
SURRY 279 6,145 0 0 491 5,654 2,982 2,283 699 0 0 192 2,790 944 1,494 512 32 380 2,377 225
SUSSEX 491 10,248 0 0 685 9,563 4,252 3,795 457 0 0 232 4,020 1,921 1,343 943 45 1,845 2,090 317
TAZEWELL 520 45,960 0 16,342 383 29,235 18,901 17,309 1,592 0 7,012 156 11,733 10,467 5,587 450 2,397 9,391 8,737 773
WARREN 214 26,142 0 11,880 239 14,023 11,223 9,879 1,344 0 4,983 89 6,151 5,465 4,979 249 530 4,881 6,058 284
WASHINGTON 564 45,887 215 7,003 2,847 35,822 19,183 17,483 1,700 111 3,172 1,140 14,760 14,589 2,645 435 1,514 4,655 13,710 818
WESTMORELAND 229 15,480 0 3,045 531 11,904 8,378 6,057 2,321 0 1,890 217 6,271 3,960 2,644 1,683 91 2,028 5,834 516
WISE 403 39,573 0 7,941 263 31,369 15,927 14,513 1,414 0 3,412 56 12,459 11,548 2,999 347 1,033 7,284 7,905 738
WYTHE 463 25,466 0 8,038 818 16,610 10,659 9,852 807 0 3,528 395 6,736 5,086 4,349 383 841 3,665 6,529 465
YORK 106 42,422 30,953 0 52 11,417 15,284 14,474 810 11,160 0 17 4,107 13453 1,541 271 19 9,084 6,153 47
INDEPENDENT CITIES                                        
ALEXANDRIA 15 111,183 111,183 0 0 0 58,252 53,280 4,972 58,252 0 0 0 58,220 15 0 17 58,086 75 91
BEDFORD 7 6,073 0 6,073 0 0 2,625 2,475 150 0 2,625 0 0 2,575 44 0 6 2,379 240 6
BRISTOL 12 18,426 18,426 0 0 0 8,174 7,591 583 8,174 0 0 0 8,122 52 0 0 7,953 208 13
BUENA VISTA 7 6,406 0 6,406 0 0 2,494 2,404 90 0 2,494 0 0 2,458 16 13 7 2,371 99 24
CHARLOTTSVILLE 10 40,341 40,341 0 0 0 16,785 16,009 776 16,785 0 0 0 16,764 21 0 0 16,530 218 37
CHESAPEAKE 341 151,976 146,527 0 339 5,110 55,742 51,965 3,777 53,975 0 111 1,656 49,851 5,301 546 44 48,086 7,401 255
CLIFTON FORGE 3 4,679 0 4,679 0 0 2,131 1,930 201 0 2,131 0 0 2,131 0 0 0 2,127 4 0
COLONIAL HEIGHTS 8 16,064 16,064 0 0 0 6,592 6,363 229 6,592 0 0 0 6,588 4 0 0 6,569 23 0
COVINGTON 4 6,991 0 6,991 0 0 3,269 2,998 271 0 3,269 0 0 3,264 5 0 0 3,258 11 0
DANVILLE 43 53,056 53,056 0 0 0 23,297 21,712 1,585 23,297 0 0 0 21,387 1,649 221 40 20,440 2,721 136
EMPORIA 7 5,306 0 5,306 0 0 2,178 2,031 147 0 2,178 0 0 2,019 81 72 6 1,888 260 30
FAIRFAX 6 19,622 19,622 0 0 0 7,677 7,362 315 7,677 0 0 0 7,635 42 0 0 7,580 92 5
FALLS CHURCH 2 9,578 9,578 0 0 0 4,668 4,195 473 4,668 0 0 0 4,657 11 0 0 4,633 8 27
FRANKLIN 8 7,864 0 7,864 0 0 3,166 3,006 160 0 3,166 0 0 3,166 0 0 0 3,076 75 15
FREDERICKSBURG 11 19,027 19,027 0 0 0 8,063 7,450 613 8,063 0 0 0 7,970 56 31 6 7,971 83 9
GALAX 8 6,670 0 6,670 0 0 2,943 2,750 193 0 2,943 0 0 2,730 123 24 66 2,657 277 9
HAMPTON 52 133,793 133,793 0 0 0 53,623 49,673 3,950 53,623 0 0 0 53,468 155 0 0 52,264 1,254 105
HARRISONBURG 18 30,707 0 30,707 0 0 10,900 10,310 590 0 10,900 0 0 10,608 232 21 39 10,409 474 17
HOPEWELL 10 23,101 23,101 0 0 0 9,625 9,014 611 9,625 0 0 0 9,592 33 0 0 9,396 128 101
LEXINGTON 3 6,959 0 6,959 0 0 2,311 2,172 139 0 2,311 0 0 2,311 0 0 0 2,301 10 0
LYNCHBURG 49 66,049 66,049 0 0 0 27,233 25,143 2,090 27,233 0 0 0 26,313 843 66 11 22,962 4,232 39
MANASSAS 10 27,957 27,957 0 0 0 10,232 9,481 751 10,232 0 0 0 10,114 118 0 0 10,086 137 9
MANASSAS PARK 2 6,734 6,734 0 0 0 2,252 2,182 70 2,252 0 0 0 2,247 5 0 0 2,252 0 0
MARTINSVILLE 11 16,162 0 16,162 0 0 7,310 6,839 471 0 7,310 0 0 7,301 4 5 0 7,216 94 0
NEWPORT NEWS 68 170,045 170,045 0 0 0 69,728 63,952 5,776 69,728 0 0 0 69,643 74 11 0 67,842 1,733 153
NORFOLK 54 261,229 261,229 0 0 0 98,762 89,478 9,284 98,762 0 0 0 98,618 97 30 17 97,775 764 223
NORTON 7 4,247 0 4,247 0 0 1,845 1,697 148 0 1,845 0 0 1,828 12 5 0 1,784 61 0
PETERSBURG 23 38,386 38,386 0 0 0 16,196 14,730 1,466 16,196 0 0 0 16,065 95 31 5 15,983 177 36
POQUOSON 16 11,005 11,005 0 0 0 3,890 3,769 121 3,890 0 0 0 3,875 6 9 0 2,801 1,084 5
PORTSMOUTH 33 103,907 103,907 0 0 0 42,283 38,741 3,542 42,283 0 0 0 42,195 53 35 0 41,783 368 132
RADFORD 10 15,940 0 15,940 0 0 5,496 5,207 289 0 5,496 0 0 5,466 20 0 10 5,358 133 5
RICHMOND 60 203,056 203,056 0 0 0 94,141 85,337 8,804 94,141 0 0 0 93,707 211 145 78 92,198 1,707 236
ROANOKE 43 96,397 96,397 0 0 0 44,384 41,030 3,354 44,384 0 0 0 43,821 457 58 48 42,592 1,775 17
SALEM 15 23,756 23,756 0 0 0 9,609 9,161 448 9,609 0 0 0 9,370 189 40 10 8,946 659 4
SOUTH BOSTON 6 6,997 0 6,997 0 0 2,997 2,795 202 0 2,997 0 0 2,906 59 32 0 2,861 97 39
STAUTON 20 24,461 0 24,322 44 95 10,003 9,432 571 0 9,968 7 28 9,922 43 10 28 9,635 328 40
SUFFOLK 400 52,141 39,076 0 896 12,169 20,011 18,516 1,495 15,468 0 305 4,238 14,476 3,821 1,629 85 9,624 9,738 649
VIRGINIA BEACH 248 393,069 389,533 0 230 3,306 147,037 135,566 11,471 145,601 0 113 1,323 139,614 6,834 542 47 138,047 8,710 280
WAYNESBORO 14 18,549 0 18,549 0 0 7,902 7,568 334 0 7,902 0 0 7,815 66 9 12 7,372 491 39
WILLIAMSBURG 9 11,530 11,530 0 0 0 3,960 3,468 492 3,960 0 0 0 3,915 31 14 0 3,809 142 9
WINCHESTER 9 21,947 0 21,947 0 0 9,808 9,084 724 0 9,808 0 0 9,683 90 7 28 9,510 298 0

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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Through the experimental protocol; there are also several grant-funded demonstrations,
further information is not available.

Onsite Management Communities:
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Fairfax County
Middlesex County
Warren County