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PENNSYLVANIA
Population: 12,281,054

Information on the state of Pennsylvania is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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Milt Lauch, Program Manager
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources
Division of Wastewater Management
Rachael Carson State Office Building
PO Box 8774
400 Market Street, 11th Floor
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17101-8774
(717) 787-8184
Lauch.Milton@dep.state.pa.us

or

Edward J. Corriveau, P.E.
Wastewater Planning & Finance Manager
SCFO-Water Management
909 Elmerton Ave.
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania 17110-8200
(717) 705-4805
(717) 705-4760 (fax)
Corriveau.Edward@dep.state.pa.us

http://www.dep.state.pa.us/

 

Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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Pennsylvannia State Regulations

Pennsylvannia Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

Title 25 Environmental Resources
Chapter 73 Standards for Sewage Disposal Facilities
October 2, 1999

Onsite regulations for Pennsylvania were last updated October 2, 1999. No regulations are currently under revision, nor are there plans to do so prior to July 31, 2001.

The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources has sole responsibility for onsite wastewater regulations in the state.

Within the past year, drip irrigation technology has been added to the state regulations.

Surface discharge for onsite disposal systems is an option; however, the technology depends on stream quality and discharge limits. The Department of Environmental Protection issues the required NPDES permit.

State Code allows for drainfield area/size reductions, depending on the technology and soils.

A funding program exists to assist homeowners either replacing failing systems or installing new ones. Questions should be directed to Mr. Corriveau.

For information about ongoing onsite wastewater demonstration, research, or testing projects, contact:

Larry Hepner
Professor of Agronomy & Environmental Sciences
Delaware Valley College
700 East Butler Ave.
Doylestown, PA 18901-2697
(215) 345-1500
(215) 345-5277 (fax)

Maintenance/management contracts are required for systems with specific performance requirements and limits, i.e., all stream discharge systems, nutrient limited systems, and individual spray systems. Information may be obtained by contacting Mr. Corriveau.

Pennsylvania has not formed a public utility type company or entity for operation, management, and maintenance, but the DEP is encouraging their formation.

Estimated total onsite systems currently in use in Pennsylvania is 1.2 million, which includes single family, small community, business/commercial, and subdivision systems.

The state tracks the number of permits issued per year for new construction (25,000/year), and for system repair and replacement (2,250/year).

In Pennsylvania, a system is considered failed if there is confirmed malfunction documented by dye testing, lab results, observation by a Sewage Enforcement Officer (SEO) or other experienced professional, Best Technical Guidance (BTG) repair, or seasonally wet adsorption areas. Repair and replacement do not automatically mean that the system is considered a failed system (or classified as a malfunction) unless the repair uses BTG that does not meet the technical standard of the existing Code for a new system.

 

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: About 1.3 million estimated; 1990 U.S. Census reports
1.2 million.

Number of new systems installed each year: About 12,000; one source reports 20,000; there
are over 2000 permitting entities in the state, which may contribute to the uncertainty in the
numbers here and above.

Failure definition: Discharge to surface, backup, or contamination of ground- or surface water.

Number or proportion of systems presently failing: NA

Number or proportion repaired annually: About 4000 are repaired or replaced annually (some
25% of permits issued).

Number or proportion replaced annually: See above.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
From a regulatory perspective, many so-called alternative
technologies are now considered conventional. In any event, the newer technologies are
employed in system upgrades or repairs; permits are generally issued with varying conditions
attached to them.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal):
Less than 2%.

Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $2500-$20,000, depending on system type
and location within the state.

Cost of a centralized sewer tie-in (including fees and cost of the sewer lateral): $2500-$10,000, depending on location and other variables.

 

Septic Stats:
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  TOTAL PERSONS TOTAL HOUSING UNITS PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER SOURCE PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
11,881,643 4,938,140 3,854,953 905,420 72,800 104,967 3,670,338 1,210,054 57,748
COUNTIES                  
ADAMS 78,274 30,141 13,701 14,461 1,194 785 14,210 15,238 693
ALLEGHENY 1,336,449 580,738 568,562 9,880 796 1,500 553,094 26,163 1,481
ARMSTRONG 73,478 31,757 17,916 9,504 1,270 3,067 12,983 18,068 706
BEAVER 186,093 76,336 61,228 13,618 653 837 52,708 23,265 363
BEDFORD 47,919 21,738 6,414 12,408 1,064 1,852 5,131 15,983 624
BERKS 336,523 134,482 94,082 36,219 2,628 1,553 95,676 37,463 1,343
BLAIR 130,542 54,349 40,530 11,869 921 1,029 39,777 14,063 509
BRADFORD 60,967 27,058 10,193 14,338 775 1,752 8,256 17,693 1,109
BUCKS 541,174 199,934 153,922 42,791 2,716 505 163,998 35,000 936
BUTLER 152,013 59,061 29,413 25,942 1,131 2,575 29,616 28,602 843
CAMBRIA 163,029 67,374 58,172 6,012 1,137 2,053 48,541 17,559 1,274
CAMERON 5,913 4,399 2,132 1,318 284 665 1,534 2,519 346
CARBON 56,846 27,380 15,145 11,104 689 442 13,232 13,657 491
CENTRE 123,786 46,195 37,283 6,193 793 1,926 31,285 14,341 569
CHESTER 376,396 139,597 89,075 45,790 3,526 1,206 85,633 52,493 1,471
CLARION 41,699 18,022 7,649 5,726 1,220 3,427 6,056 11,502 464
CLEARFIELD 78,097 34,300 24,715 5,161 1,681 2,743 15,573 17,725 1,002
CLINTON 37,182 16,478 11,364 2,783 336 1,995 9,668 5,563 1,247
COLUMBIA 63,202 25,598 13,566 10,387 905 740 10,788 14,423 387
CRAWFORD 86,169 40,462 14,723 23,421 1,250 1,068 19,494 20,185 783
CUMBERLAND 195,257 77,108 56,853 18,679 908 668 56,756 19,640 712
DAUPHIN 237,813 102,684 80,516 20,405 1,250 513 82,873 18,986 825
DELAWARE 547,651 211,024 203,751 6,248 509 516 197,667 12,581 776
ELK 34,878 17,249 12,436 2,960 352 1,501 8,992 8,005 252
ERIE 275,572 108,585 85,781 17,665 4,457 682 85,085 23,092 408
FAYETTE 145,351 61,406 50,935 6,777 746 2,948 30,241 29,510 1,655
FOREST 4,802 8,445 1,024 4,302 362 2,757 493 5,656 2,296
FRANKLIN 121,082 48,629 31,446 13,484 971 2,728 30,352 17,393 884
FULTON 13,837 6,184 1,303 4,226 218 437 1,140 4,853 191
GREENE 39,550 15,982 10,427 3,396 542 1,617 7,321 7,963 698
HUNTINGDON 44,164 19,286 7,643 9,400 718 1,525 6,422 12,166 698
INDIANA 89,994 34,770 18,592 11,761 1,419 2,998 14,762 18,993 1,015
JEFFERSON 46,083 21,242 11,226 6,480 1,068 2,468 8,049 12,728 465
JUNIATA 20,625 8,505 2,601 5,084 280 540 2,106 6,136 263
LACKAWANNA 219,039 91,707 78,962 11,310 745 690 78,805 12,498 404
LANCASTER 422,822 156,462 102,988 46,908 4,058 2,508 108,537 46,143 1,782
LAWRENCE 96,246 38,844 25,277 12,277 660 630 24,523 13,862 459
LEBANON 113,744 44,634 31,185 11,955 1,079 415 29,726 14,595 313
LEGIGH 291,130 118,335 99,783 16,082 1,383 1,087 99,771 17,906 658
LUZERNE 328,149 138,724 114,062 21,696 1,611 1,355 111,444 26,311 969
LYCOMING 118,710 49,580 30,370 16,249 1,192 1,769 26,650 22,167 763
MCKEAN 47,131 21,454 12,853 5,962 359 2,280 12,474 8,614 366
MERCER 121,003 48,689 29,289 16,933 1,063 1,404 30,637 17,387 665
MIFFLIN 46,197 19,641 11,608 6,440 289 1,304 10,838 8,246 557
MONROE 95,709 54,823 17,577 34,816 1,753 677 14,122 39,628 1,073
MONTGOMERY 678,111 265,856 234,786 28,747 1,969 354 236,323 28,486 1,047
MONTOUR 17,735 6,885 3,489 3,122 193 81 3,727 3,056 102
NORTHAMPTON 247,105 95,345 76,800 16,382 1,074 1,089 68,823 25,768 754
NORTHUMBERLAND 96,771 41,900 31,806 8,742 740 612 30,339 11,136 425
PERRY 41,172 17,063 4,874 10,427 685 1,077 4,733 11,329 1,001
PHILADELPHIA 1,585,577 674,899 673,831 390 96 582 667,471 3,638 3,790
PIKE 27,966 30,852 13,977 15,574 937 364 4,982 25,302 568
POTTER 16,717 11,334 3,670 4,905 368 2,391 3,054 7,350 930
SCHUYLKILL 152,585 66,457 50,882 13,290 1,395 890 42,613 22,426 1,418
SNYDER 36,680 13,629 6,081 6,414 499 635 6,291 6,833 505
SOMERSET 78,218 35,713 20,528 9,938 1,290 3,957 15,164 19,353 1,196
SULLIVAN 6,104 5,458 731 4,035 219 473 789 4,449 220
SUSQUEHANNA 40,380 20,308 5,096 12,054 628 2,530 4,786 14,787 735
TIOGA 41,126 18,202 6,314 9,171 784 1,933 5,152 12,295 755
UNION 36,176 12,886 6,430 5,692 486 278 6,180 6,540 166
VENAGO 59,381 26,961 14,570 9,051 706 2,634 13,928 12,261 772
WARREN 45,050 22,236 10,426 9,718 567 1,525 9,297 12,399 540
WASHINGTON 204,584 84,113 64,539 12,882 967 5,725 53,397 29,434 1,282
WAYNE 39,944 28,480 9,383 16,279 718 2,100 7,264 18,891 2,325
WESTMORELAND 370,321 153,554 126,708 20,895 1,565 4,386 102,768 49,195 1,591
WYOMING 28,076 11,857 3,200 7,389 415 853 2,279 9,362 216
YORK 339,574 134,761 88,559 39,903 3,538 2,761 83,939 49,200 1,622

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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Delaware Valley College has a contract with the DEP for an onsite demonstration project and
research program.

Pennsylvania State University, Wilkes College, and the University of Pittsburgh also have research programs.

Onsite Management Communities:
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Broad Top Township
Coaldale Borough