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NEW YORK
Population: 18,976,457

Information on the state of New York is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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Ben Pierson, P.E., Senior Sanitary Engineer, or
Ronald Zimmerman, Assistant Sanitary Engineer, or
James Meacham, Senior Sanitary Engineer
New York Department of Health
Flanigan Square, Room 515
547 River Street
Troy, New York 12180-2216
(518) 402-7600
(518) 402-7609 (fax)

bap11@health.state.ny.us

rwz01@health.state.ny.us

jrm16@health.state.ny.us

http://www.health.state.ny.us/

 

Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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New York State Regulations

New York Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

Wastewater Treatment Standards
Individual Household Systems
10NYCRR Appendix 75-A
December 1, 1990

Onsite regulations for New York were last updated in December 1990; however, there is a draft proposal to provide for minor technical clarifications and also potential reduction allowances for absorption fields following aerobic treatment units. It is not known if and when these revisions will take effect.

Approved technologies for New York include conventional, gravelless absorption, deep/shallow absorption, cut-and-fill, absorption beds, and alternative systems, (i.e., raised, mound, intermittent sand filters, evaporation-transpiration, aerobic treatment units [ATUs]), and Eljen Type B In-Drains. Experimental systems and new products may be permitted under "Interim Approval" (Appendix 75-A, Section 75-A.11) as follows: "Based upon submission of engineering research and testing data indicating that certain products, design, and performance are equivalent to these standards (Appendix 75-A), the Commissioner may grant interim approval for the use of systems, products, or procedures differing from these standards." (Eljen-In-Drain systems have been approved for use in New York State under "Interim Approval" status.) Alternative designs may be considered by local health departments on an experimental basis (Section 75-A.9).

According to Appendix 75-A, surface discharge is not allowed for residential onsite systems. If one is interested in pursuing surface discharge, this must be taken up with the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC), and a SPDES permit must be secured from the DEC.

Drainfield area/size reductions may be allowed for sand filters or Eljen-In-Drain (extended growth system) technology, only on either an experimental or study basis (see Sections 75-A.9 or 75-A.11). ATUs are currently under consideration but have not been granted a reduction at this time.

No statewide programs exist to assist homeowners either replacing a failing system or installing a new system. Some have been proposed, but no proposal has yet been implemented.

There is a demonstration site used for training purposes at SUNY Morrisville. Plans are to move the demonstration site to Delhi, NY, in 2002. Questions about onsite wastewater demonstration, research, or testing projects may be directed to: Doug Nelson, NYS Onsite Training Network, (800) 560-2454.

New York Code does not require management programs/contracts or districts to monitor and/or maintain onsite systems; however, there is a proposal for use with ATUs (see above). Local agencies have authority to adopt or require maintenance/management programs, but all local Code changes require state approval.

The number of permits issued annually for new construction or system replacement or repair is not tracked except in some cases at the local level.

There is no official definition in New York law or in regulation that defines a failed onsite system, but generally speaking, wastewater backups into plumbing, flow/breakthrough to ground surface, and flow or evidence of flow into watercourses or water supply are considered signs of system failure. Data is not kept on the most common reasons for system failure; therefore, this information is unavailable.

New York State does not have a licensing/certification program for onsite wastewater professionals, such as installers and designers, but some counties have established a certification program for installers, e.g., Putnam, Westchester, Suffolk, and Cayuga. In New York, site evaluations/inspections for design purposes must be performed by or under the supervision of a design professional, i.e., a Professional Engineer or Registered Architect.

Questions about municipal wastewater regulations may be directed to:

Division of Water
NYS Department of Environmental Conservation
625 Broadway
Albany, NY 12233
(518) 402-8111

 

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: About 1.3 million residential systems; 1990 U.S. census
reports about 1.45 million systems.

Number of new systems installed each year: NA

Failure definition: Wastewater backup, surface flow, contamination of water courses or water
supplies. Local health departments, and the New York City Dept of Environmental Protection,
may have stricter definitions, as can larger systems which are regulated by the Dept of
Conservation rather than the Dept of Health.

Number or proportion of systems presently failing: 50,000 (4%) estimated yearly.

Number or proportion repaired annually: 40,000 estimated.

Number or proportion replaced annually: 10,000 estimated.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
Alternatives are fairly commonly employed for failing systems,
perhaps as much as 10-15% for residences, and as high as 25% for commercial establishments.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal):
Replacements only very infrequently involve advanced
systems, particularly for residences; there are a few installed for commercial establishments;
within the NYC watershed, microfiltration for surface discharge is required.

Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $3500-$4000.

Cost of a centralized sewer tie-in (including fees and cost of the sewer lateral): $2000-$2500
on average, but costs vary widely.

Septic Stats:
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TOTAL PERSONS TOTAL HOUSING UNITS PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER SOURCE PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
NEW YORK 17,990,455 7,226,891 6,329,446 703,295 121,037 73,113 5,716,917 1,460,873 49,101
COUNTIES
ALBANY 292,594 124,255 113,716 8,481 1,487 571 109,940 13,851 464
ALLEGANY 50,470 21,951 9,175 9,804 729 2,243 5,853 15,688 410
BRONX 1,203,789 440,955 440,470 190 71 224 437,762 1,388 1,805
BROOME 212,160 87,969 66,808 19,121 1,135 905 62,897 24,650 422
CATTARAUGUS 84,234 36,839 19,661 13,644 1,123 2,411 16,378 19,258 1,203
CAYUGA 82,313 33,280 21,384 7,500 3,192 1,204 17,674 15,321 285
CHAUTAUQUA 141,895 62,682 41,878 17,969 1,817 1,018 41,029 20,923 730
CHEMUNG 95,195 37,290 26,994 9,392 737 167 23,613 13,502 175
CHENANGO 51,768 22,164 8,820 10,531 998 1,815 6,428 15,230 506
CLINTON 85,969 32,190 17,267 10,985 2,493 1,445 14,819 16,831 540
COLUMBIA 62,982 29,139 10,025 17,107 1,535 472 8,134 20,659 346
CORTLAND 48,963 18,681 11,388 6,269 526 498 10,108 8,316 257
DELAWARE 47,225 27,361 9,420 11,669 1,047 5,225 7,454 19,405 502
DUTCHESS 259,462 97,632 58,397 35,947 2,781 507 45,062 51,480 1,090
ERIE 968,532 402,131 384,791 13,877 2,603 860 366,140 34,856 1,135
ESSEX 37,152 21,493 13,303 3,877 1,618 2,695 7,528 13,519 446
FRANKLIN 46,540 21,962 10,564 6,127 2,986 2,285 8,769 12,424 769
FULTON 54,191 26,260 14,207 7,661 3,823 569 11,789 14,074 397
GENESEE 60,060 22,596 12,993 8,350 1,014 239 11,612 10,805 179
GREENE 44,739 25,000 8,357 14,495 1,095 1,053 6,135 18,267 598
HAMILTON 5,279 8,234 2,869 2,688 1,488 1,189 789 6,745 700
HERKIMER 65,797 30,799 17,884 7,337 3,098 2,480 15,417 14,322 1,060
JEFFERSON 110,943 50,519 29,389 14,873 3,389 2,868 25,537 24,429 553
KINGS 2,300,664 873,671 871,920 933 266 552 863,673 3,334 6,664
LEWIS 26,796 13,182 4,608 3,691 3,232 1,651 2,713 9,905 564
LIVINGSTON 62,372 23,084 13,692 6,570 1,195 1,627 10,975 11,925 184
MADISON 69,120 26,641 14,805 9,103 1,283 1,450 10,623 15,607 411
MONROE 713,968 285,524 278,609 5,798 844 273 253,772 30,694 1,058
MONTGOMERY 51,981 21,851 14,184 5,464 1,800 403 14,272 7,376 203
NASSAU 1,287,348 446,292 444,313 1,199 205 575 408,305 37,125 862
NEW YORK 1,487,536 785,127 784,598 321 37 171 783,578 687 862
NIAGARA 220,756 90,385 88,231 1,631 489 34 75,078 15,120 187
ONEIDA 250,836 101,251 79,560 14,191 5,915 1,585 72,088 28,577 586
ONONDAGA 468,973 190,878 175,963 11,157 2,196 1,562 162,697 27,770 411
ONTARIO 95,101 38,947 27,728 7,453 2,357 1,409 23,268 15,312 367
ORANGE 307,647 110,814 75,584 31,951 2,609 670 70,236 39,688 890
ORLEANS 41,846 16,345 8,699 5,940 1,582 124 6,689 9,509 147
OSWEGO 121,771 48,548 23,510 13,807 10,223 1,008 19,156 28,704 688
OTSEGO 60,517 26,385 11,268 11,522 1,638 1,957 7,575 18,485 325
PUTNAM 83,941 31,898 10,038 19,520 1,991 349 5,548 25,830 520
QUEENS 1,951,598 752,690 751,372 814 114 390 739,821 8,380 4,489
RENSSELAER 154,429 62,591 39,574 20,052 1,986 979 39,066 22,775 750
RICHMOND 378,977 139,726 139,541 86 22 77 124,173 14,633 920
ROCKLAND 265,475 88,264 82,048 5,513 504 199 81,256 6,712 296
ST. LAWRENCE 111,974 47,521 21,749 19,323 4,397 2,052 20,826 25,892 803
SARATOGA 181,276 75,105 47,276 20,974 5,342 1,513 40,304 33,831 970
SCHENECTADY 149,285 62,769 58,129 3,629 816 195 44,732 17,862 175
SCHOHARIE 31,859 14,431 3,881 8,286 1,247 1,017 3,146 10,870 415
SCHUYLER 18,662 8,472 2,600 4,537 801 534 1,883 6,348 241
SENECA 33,683 14,314 7,920 4,347 1,206 841 7,408 6,780 126
STEUBEN 99,088 43,019 21,426 16,345 1,591 3,657 18,853 22,928 1,238
SUFFOLK 1,321,864 481,317 417,243 57,585 5,828 661 136,890 340,519 3,908
SULLIVAN 69,277 41,814 15,050 23,095 1,944 1,725 13,558 27,630 626
TIOGA 52,337 20,254 8,040 11,276 627 311 7,195 12,732 327
TOMPKINS 94,097 35,338 22,702 10,664 1,115 857 21,354 13,723 261
ULSTER 165,304 71,716 31,074 35,081 3,793 1,768 27,207 43,566 943
WARREN 59,209 31,737 18,780 8,068 2,501 2,388 10,451 20,805 481
WASHINGTON 59,330 24,216 9,936 10,972 1,915 1,393 7,949 15,875 392
WAYNE 89,123 35,188 24,132 6,649 3,109 1,298 16,390 18,360 438
WESTCHESTER 874,866 336,727 317,708 16,999 1,518 502 293,504 41,927 1,296
WYOMING 42,507 15,848 7,992 6,223 1,020 613 6,278 9,298 272
YATES 22,810 11,629 4,203 4,632 994 1,800 3,560 7,836 233

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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Skaneateles Lake was recently funded by Congress as a National Community Decentralized Wastewater Demonstration Project.

Onsite Management Communities:
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Cayuga County
Keuka Lake
Sugar Loaf
Woodstock