Other States:
NEVADA
Population: 1,998,257

Information on the state of Nevada is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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James Balderson, Supervisor, Public Health Engineering or
Joe Pollock, Public Health Engineer
State of Nevada Department of Human Resources
Health Division
Bureau of Health Protection Services
1179 Fairview Drive, Suite 101
Carson City, Nevada 89710-5405
(775) 687-6615
(775) 687-5699 (fax)

http://www.leg.state.nv.us/law1.htm

 

Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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Nevada State Regulations

Nevada Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

Regulations Governing Individual Sewage Disposal Systems
Chapter 444
October 1992

Nevada onsite regulations were last updated in 1992, and there are no plans to revise the existing Code prior to July 31, 2002.

Those technologies that are approved for use include conventional septic systems with aerobic and nitrate removal systems considered alternative systems. Other systems require NSF approval or a case-by-case approval can be applied for by a State of Nevada Registered Professional Engineer.

Surface discharge is not an option for systems treating under 5,000 gallons per day.

Nevada Code allows for drainfield area/size reductions as proposed by a Professional Engineer and approved by the Health Division on a case-by-case basis. Any reduction is based on the alternative treatment, either primary or secondary, such as sand filters..

Currently, there are no funding programs available to assist homeowners replacing failing systems or installing new ones, and there no plans to develop such a mechanism.

There are no onsite wastewater demonstration, research, or testing projects ongoing in the state.

Nevada Code does not recognize or require management programs or districts to monitor and maintain onsite systems or individual liquid waste systems, and there are no plans to do so.

Local agencies have authority to adopt or require maintenance/management programs, such as for maintenance required for aerobic and nitrate removal systems.

The State does not track the number of permits issued per year for new construction, or for repair or replacement of existing systems. Records are maintained at both the local and State levels by building departments, field offices, and health districts.

In Nevada, a failed system is defined by NAC444.784(6) as "sewage on the ground, a backup of sewage into a structure, leaking sewage, or effluent contamination of groundwater or surface water."

State onsite certification or licensing programs are available for contractors, pumpers, and engineers through the Nevada State Contractors Board. Balderson or Pollock (above) may be contacted for further information. The Nevada State Health Division and local (county) government agencies are licensed or certified to perform site evaluations/inspections, as approved the Health Division.

For information regarding municipal wastewater regulations, contact:

Leo Drozdoff, P.E., Chief
Bureau of Water Pollution Control
Division of Environmental Protection
333 W. Nye Lane, Room 138
Carson, City, NV 89706
(775) 687-4670
(77) 687-4684 (fax)

 

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: NA (there are no mechanisms in place to acquire this kind of
information at state level).

Number of new systems installed each year: NA

Failure definition: Surfaced effluent and/or backed-up plumbing.

Number or proportion of systems presently failing: NA

Number or proportion repaired annually: NA

Number or proportion replaced annually: NA

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
Most failures are replaced with standard gravel trench systems;
failures due to high groundwater are generally replaced with mound systems; but figures are NA.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal):
Virtually none.

Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $3000.

Cost of a centralized sewer tie-in (including fees and cost of the sewer lateral): $4500.

 

Septic Stats:
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TOTAL PERSONS TOTAL HOUSING UNITS PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
NEVADA 1,201,833 518,858 479,732 35,060 1,755 2,311 456,107 60,508 2,243
COUNTIES
CHURCHILL 17,938  7,290  3,583  3,443  190  74  3,249  3,973  68 
CLARK 741,459  317,188  309,227  7,094  290  577  301,876  14,486  826 
DOUGLAS 27,637  14,121  10,890  2,997  77  157  9,534  4,523  64 
ELKO 33,530  13,461  11,413  1,620  165  263  9,464  3,797  200 
ESMERALDA 1,344  966  658  214  94  532  353  81 
EUREKA 1,547  817  475  271  10  61  306  495  16 
HUMBOLDT 12,844  5,044  3,225  1,625  58  136  2,922  2,008  114 
LANDER 6,266  2,586  2,008  484  58  36  1,906  636  44 
LINCOLN 3,775  1,800  1,388  359  48  1,282  477  41 
LYON 20,001  8,722  5,619  2,939  93  71  3,686  4,889  147 
MINERAL 6,475  2,994  2,770  75  142  2,235  625  134 
NYE 17,781  8,073  4,145  3,629  150  149  3,428  4,523  122 
PERSHING 4,336  1,908  1,463  269  148  28  972  920  16 
STOREY 2,526  1,085  626  414  19  26  586  493 
WASHOE 254,667  112,193  103,773  7,762  402  256  96,692  15,262  239 
WHITE PINE 9,264  3,982  3,018  753  32  179  2,960  912  110 
CARSON CITY 40,443  16,628  15,451  1,112  51  14  14,477  2,136  15 

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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There is no information available on Onsite Demonstration Programs in Nevada.

Onsite Management Communities:
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There is no information available on Onsite Management Communities in Nevada.