Other States:
NEBRASKA
Population: 1,711,263

Information on the state of Nebraska is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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Steve M. Goans, P.E., Environmental Engineer IV, or
Richard K. Hoopes, P.E.
Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality
1200 "N" Street, Suite 400
PO Box 98922
Lincoln, Nebraska 68509-8922
(402) 471-2580 or (402) 471-2589 (respectively)
(402) 471-2909 (fax)

steve.goans@ndeq.state.ne.us

rick.hoopes@ndeq.state.ne.us

http://www.deq.state.ne.us

 

Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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Nebraska State Regulations

Nebraska Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

Rules and Regulations for the Design,
Operation, and Maintenance of Septic Tanks
Title 124
October 3, 1999

Rules and Regulations for the Design, Operation, and
Maintenance of Individual Waste Treatment Lagoons
Title 125
October 3, 1999

Onsite regulations for Nebraska were last amended in 1999. Currently, regulations are not under revision, nor are there plans to revise them prior to July 31, 2002. However, if the Nebraska Onsite Wastewater Association gets their legislative proposal passed, regulations will need to be updated.

Except for standard septic systems and lagoons, a professional engineer must submit all other technologies, and each is reviewed individually for acceptability. See Chapter 3 of Title 124.

In Nebraska, engineered systems are allowed to surface discharge, and an NPDES permit is required from the Permits Unit of the Nebraska DEQ. These permits are difficult to get, and have a 180-day waiting period.

State Code does not allow for drainfield area/size reductions. The Code does not specify upon what reduction is based but may, in very rare instances, allow reductions based on engineered systems. Certain technologies may be considered only if the effluent is cleaner and discharged into areas of little environmental impact.

Funding is available to assist homeowners replacing failing systems or installing new systems through citywide State Revolving Fund (SRF) projects, and work has started to expand the funding program. Questions may be directed to:

Gautam Bhadbhade, P.E.
Environmental Engineer IV
Nebraska DEQ (see address above)
(402) 471-4207
(402) 471-2909 (fax)

Onsite wastewater demonstration, research, or testing projects are ongoing in Nebraska. Questions may be directed to:

Dr. Wayne Woldt, P.E.
University of Nebraska East Campus, Biological Systems Engineering
Wwoldt1@unl.edu

Nebraska Code does not recognize management programs or districts to monitor and maintain onsite systems or individual liquid waste systems, and there are no plans to develop such programs. Local agencies have authority to adopt or require more stringent maintenance/management programs than those set by the State Code.

The number of permits is tracked each year for new construction, and system repair and replacement. These records are maintained at the state and local levels.

According to Chapter 1, Section 026 of Title 124, "failure" means an unauthorized discharge of effluent or wastewater on the surface of the ground or to a cesspool, seepage pit, dry well, or leaching pit; or to an absorption system with less than four (4) feet to groundwater or other limiting soil characteristics; or which threatens to cause pollution of any air, water, or land of the State; or which threatens public health. The most common reasons for system failure include poor installation/construction, lack of proper maintenance, change in usage, and old systems.

Nebraska does not yet have a licensing/certification program for onsite wastewater professionals, such as installers, designers, and inspectors. Anyone may be licensed or certified to perform site evaluations/inspections in the state.

Information regarding municipal wastewater regulations may be obtained from Goans (above).

 

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: 150,000-200,000; 1990 U.S. census reports about 120,000.

Number of new systems installed each year: 5000-10,000.

Failure definition: Any system that doesn’t meet all current standards, endangers water quality,
or does not provide adequate treatment.

Number or proportion of systems presently failing: 40%.

Number or proportion repaired annually: About 6% are repaired or replaced annually.

Number or proportion replaced annually: See above.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
Less than 1%.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal):
Very few.

Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $2500-$5000; range, $2000-$9000.

Cost of a centralized sewer tie-in (including fees and cost of the sewer lateral): $3000-$6000,
varies.

 

Septic Stats:
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TOTAL PERSONS TOTAL HOUSING UNITS PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
NEBRASKA 1,578,385 660,621 548,285 102,092 8,662 1,582 534,692 117,460 8,469
COUNTIES
ADAMS 29,625 12,491 10,891 1,512 80 8 10,915 1,512 64
ANTELOPE 7,965 3,478 1,989 1,351 123 15 1,939 1,482 57
ARTHUR 462 242 0 242 0 0 0 235 7
BANNER 852 366 22 340 4 0 2 362 2
BLAINE 675 381 103 269 4 5 109 251 21
BOONE 6,667 2,878 1,703 1,136 31 8 1,666 849 363
BOX BUTTE 13,130 5,534 4,452 922 151 9 4,481 984 69
BOYD 2,835 1,538 1,121 344 28 45 782 668 88
BROWN 3,657 1,950 1,225 637 30 58 1,207 735 8
BUFFALO 37,447 14,538 11,738 2,732 56 12 11,782 2,643 113
BURT 7,868 3,740 2,485 913 289 53 2,317 1,345 78
BUTLER 8,601 3,801 2,086 1,397 290 28 2,030 1,653 118
CASS 21,318 8,951 7,147 1,424 261 119 5,602 3,202 147
CEDAR 10,131 4,149 2,501 1,400 204 44 2,130 1,875 144
CHASE 4,381 2,011 1,234 753 24 0 1,230 752 29
CHERRY 6,307 3,023 1,624 1,309 73 17 1,495 1,475 53
CHEYENNE 9,494 4,345 3,411 895 30 9 3,393 942 10
CLAY 7,123 3,173 2,357 722 92 2 2,304 814 55
COLFAX 9,139 3,971 2,557 1,058 307 49 2,649 1,110 212
CUMING 10,117 4,132 2,981 1,022 110 19 2,505 1,508 119
CUSTER 12,270 5,728 3,580 2,107 17 24 3,501 2,078 149
DAKOTA 16,742 6,486 5,634 666 126 60 5,211 1,243 32
DAWES 9,021 3,909 3,012 839 41 17 2,893 956 60
DAWSON 19,940 9,021 6,865 2,038 105 13 6,518 2,452 51
DEUEL 2,237 1,075 750 315 8 2 737 328 10
DIXON 6,143 2,613 1,625 818 164 6 1,573 984 56
DODGE 34,500 14,601 12,307 2,078 193 23 12,283 2,122 196
DOUGLAS 416,444 172,335 169,408 2,429 386 112 166,927 5,173 235
DUNDY 2,582 1,326 753 572 1 0 716 587 23
FILLMORE 7,103 3,102 2,212 839 51 0 2,150 919 33
FRANKLIN 3,938 1,950 1,361 465 108 16 1,127 734 89
FRONTIER 3,101 1,565 877 658 8 22 825 615 125
FURNAS 5,553 2,905 2,165 704 26 10 2,026 840 39
GAGE 22,794 9,735 7,688 1,845 167 35 7,530 1,990 215
GARDEN 2,460 1,343 516 821 6 0 699 606 38
GARFIELD 2,141 1,021 606 394 21 0 608 398 15
GOSPER 1,928 1,212 560 647 3 2 299 893 20
GRANT 769 425 162 254 3 6 171 246 8
GREELEY 3,006 1,284 805 454 20 5 784 407 93
HALL 48,925 19,528 15,889 3,487 124 28 15,945 3,488 95
HAMILTON 8,862 3,589 2,192 1,361 36 0 2,185 1,327 77
HARLAN 3,810 2,409 1,532 857 20 0 1,403 979 27
HAYES 1,222 583 140 417 26 0 133 341 109
HITCHCOCK 3,750 1,873 1,205 645 13 10 1,176 524 173
HOLT 12,599 5,472 3,065 2,248 140 19 3,296 2,079 97
HOOKER 793 433 332 91 10 0 333 100 0
HOWARD 6,055 2,598 1,362 1,207 18 11 1,337 1,149 112
JEFFERSON 8,759 4,082 3,172 831 65 14 2,934 1,059 89
JOHNSON 4,673 2,153 1,646 439 66 2 1,327 758 68
KEARNEY 6,629 2,756 1,716 1,011 29 0 1,656 972 128
KEITH 8,584 4,938 2,659 2,228 48 3 2,645 2,279 14
KEYA PAHA 1,029 584 199 349 10 26 187 362 35
KIMBALL 4,108 1,967 1,500 450 17 0 1,487 452 28
KNOX 9,534 4,799 3,124 1,275 325 75 2,640 1,845 314
LANCASTER 213,641 86,734 82,127 4,310 283 14 81,464 5,022 248
LINCOLN 32,508 14,210 10,572 3,471 165 2 10,882 3,279 49
LOGAN 878 387 150 237 0 0 148 207 32
LOUP 683 399 0 367 11 21 116 253 30
MCPHERSON 546 257 1 256 0 0 1 256 0
MADISON 32,655 13,069 10,995 1,878 169 27 10,969 2,032 68
MERRICK 8,042 3,533 1,756 1,690 46 41 1,922 1,532 79
MORRILL 5,423 2,530 1,400 1,084 35 11 1,380 1,111 39
NANCE 4,275 1,807 1,188 558 55 6 1,156 491 160
NEMAHA 7,980 3,432 2,920 388 95 29 2,345 1,068 19
NUCKOLLS 5,786 2,699 1,938 674 83 4 1,882 667 150
OTOE 14,252 6,137 5,523 474 128 12 4,430 1,584 123
PAWNEE 3,317 1,674 1,408 167 98 1 973 648 53
PERKINS 3,367 1,537 937 594 4 2 818 686 33
PHELPS 9,715 4,084 3,150 905 28 1 3,149 910 25
PIERCE 7,827 3,177 1,707 1,359 110 1 1,806 1,319 52
PLATTE 29,820 11,716 8,838 2,645 223 10 9,133 2,378 205
POLK 5,675 2,742 1,543 950 221 28 1,532 907 303
RED WILLOW 11,705 5,279 4,396 856 20 7 4,148 1,062 69
RICHARDSON 9,937 4,704 3,861 669 148 26 3,219 1,330 155
ROCK 2,019 1,001 515 472 10 4 548 446 7
SALINE 12,715 5,299 4,065 1,162 61 11 3,978 1,105 216
SARPY 102,583 35,994 33,602 1,878 393 121 32,806 3,067 121
SAUNDERS 18,285 7,594 4,901 2,458 220 15 4,344 3,113 137
SCOTTS BLUFF 36,025 15,514 11,770 3,651 65 28 12,149 3,201 164
SEWARD 15,450 5,908 4,058 1,727 123 0 4,013 1,753 142
SHERIDAN 6,750 3,211 1,798 1,375 36 2 1,803 1,340 68
SHERMAN 3,718 1,874 1,091 759 21 3 1,030 699 145
SIOUX 1,549 869 199 609 23 38 195 550 124
STANTON 6,244 2,355 1,284 843 226 2 1,251 977 127
THAYER 6,635 3,017 2,258 712 44 3 2,076 774 167
THOMAS 851 404 125 274 5 0 168 229 7
THURSTON 6,936 2,548 1,919 419 199 11 1,598 924 26
VALLEY 5,169 2,469 1,670 758 27 14 1,608 772 89
WASHINGTON 16,607 6,378 4,064 1,900 383 31 3,685 2,596 97
WAYNE 9,364 3,517 2,416 883 215 3 2,366 1,038 113
WEBSTER 4,279 2,048 1,369 631 36 12 1,290 659 99
WHEELER 948 561 214 338 9 0 210 322 29
YORK 14,428 5,861 4,311 1,494 56 0 4,301 1,471 89

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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There is no information available on Onsite Demonstration Programs in Nebraska.

Onsite Management Communities:
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There is no information available on Onsite Management Communities in Nebraska.