Other States:
KENTUCKY
Population: 4,041,769

Information on the state of Kentucky is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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Kenneth Spach, Environmental Management Branch Manager
Department for Public Health
Mail Stop HS2E-B
275 East Main Street
Frankfurt, Kentucky 40621
(502) 564-4856, ext. 3727
(502) 564-6533 (fax)

ken.spach@mail.state.ky.us

http://www.state.ky.us/


Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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Kentucky State Regulations

Kentucky Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

Construction Standards for Components of Onsite
Sewage Disposal Systems
KAR 10:081
October 1994

Kentucky Onsite Sewage Disposal Systems Regulation
KAR 10:085
October 1994

Kentucky has completed a revision of the Kentucky Onsite Sewage Regulations and is in the process of holding the necessary hearings. The revision covers KAR 902 10:085, the main Onsite Sewage Regulation. Revisions to KAR 10:081, the section relevant to Onsite Sewage Components, should begin in 2002.

Technologies approved for onsite wastewater treatment and disposal include conventional systems, alternative systems, such as gravelless pipe leaching chambers, low-pressure pipe systems, fill-and-wait systems, and constructed wetlands. Under certain circumstances, drip irrigation, peat, and aerobic units may also be allowed.

Surface discharge is an option for onsite systems in the state; an NPDES permit is required. The permit is issued by the Kentucky Division of Water.

State Code allows for drainfield area/size reductions. The initial sizing is based on soils, advanced treatment, and alternative treatment. Leaching chambers, advanced treatment units, aerobic pretreatment, and constructed wetlands are considered for drainfield reductions.

Funding to assist homeowners replacing failing systems or installing new systems is available. Part of the State can utilize the PRIDE fund for assistance in obtaining the needed funding.

Onsite wastewater demonstration, research, or testing projects are ongoing in the State. Questions may be directed to Mike Davis, Central Kentucky Technical College, at (502) 829-8488, or mailto:Mike.Davis@kctcs.net.

State Code does not recognize or require maintenance/management contracts for onsite or individual septic disposal systems. There are no plans to develop such a program within the next year. By statute a local board of health may adopt necessary operation and maintenance policies or programs in order to protect the health of its citizens. The State agency will review this program.

In Kentucky the State tracks the number of permits issued per year; the local health department tracks the number of repairs. These records are maintained at both the state and local levels.

In Kentucky, a failed system is one that exhibits surfacing of septic effluent. Lack of proper maintenance is cited as the most common reason for system failure in the state.

The state has a licensing/certification for onsite wastewater professionals. Installers must pass a preliminary exam and then obtain six (6) hours of continuing education per year to keep their certification. Inspectors must be Local Health Department Personnel and have a degree in biological science, physical science, or environmental health, and successfully complete General Sanitation Core Training (1 week), Soils Morphology I (4 days), Phase I provisional Certification (3 days), Soils Morphology II (Optional), five (5) days of individual field instruction with a State Environmental Management Branch Technical Consultant, and Phase II Full Certification (4 days). In addition, the Inspector must obtain status as a Registered Sanitarian in Kentucky within 12 months of initial employment. Once this is obtained, the requirement is 10 hours of continuing education per year to keep the registration in effect. In Kentucky, local sanitarians may perform site evaluations and inspections, and licensed engineers may perform only site evaluations.

Information relevant to municipal wastewater regulations may be obtained by contacting Bill Chlebowy, Supervisor, Municipal Planning, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet, Division of Water, at (502) 564-3410, or by email at mailto:Bill.Chlebowy@mail.state.ky.us

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: About 720,000, some 44% of the state; 1990 U.S. census
reports 600,000 systems.

Number of new systems installed each year: 16,000-17,000 (and perhaps as much as another
15-20% that are unpermitted).

Failure definition: Surfacing sewage, groundwater contamination, or noxious odor.

Number or proportion of systems presently failing: NA, but there are many unapproved
systems, including straight pipes.

Number or proportion repaired annually: NA

Number or proportion replaced annually: NA

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
Less than 5%, mostly wetlands or drip irrigation; there are a few
(of the order of 100/yr) mound and aerobic systems.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal):
Very few, essentially zero.

Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $2500-$3500; range, $1500-$10,000.

Cost of a centralized sewer tie-in (including fees and cost of the sewer lateral): $5000-$7000,
but highly variable, in the full range of $1000-$10,000.

 

Septic Stats:
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TOTAL PERSONS TOTAL HOUSING UNITS PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
KENTUCKY 3,685,296 1,506,845 1,214,664 171,220 35,303 85,658 849,491 600,182 57,172
COUNTIES
ADAIR 15,360  6,434  3,602  1,884  268  680  1,693  4,257  484 
ALLEN 14,628  6,381  3,623  1,273  275  1,210  1,708  4,209  464 
ANDERSON 14,571  5,804  4,352  74  172  1,206  2,966  2,532  306 
BALLARD 7,902  3,553  1,816  1,540  168  29  1,439  2,021  93 
BARREN 34,001  14,202  12,468  1,238  204  292  6,069  7,661  472 
BATH 9,692  4,021  3,174  140  338  369  811  2,851  359 
BELL 31,506  12,568  8,542  2,749  256  1,021  5,671  6,110  787 
BOONE 57,589  21,476  16,908  385  114  4,069  13,945  7,215  316 
BOURBON 19,236  7,781  6,130  363  130  1,158  4,542  3,031  208 
BOYD 51,150  21,365  19,863  1,361  130  11  13,417  7,672  276 
BOYLE 25,641  10,191  9,408  214  60  509  7,084  2,959  148 
BRACKEN 7,766  3,166  2,207  90  71  798  977  1,698  491 
BREATHITT 15,703  6,127  1,981  2,956  940  250  1,374  3,751  1,002 
BRECKINRIDGE 16,312  8,261  2,752  2,085  859  2,565  1,571  5,609  1,081 
BULLITT 47,567  16,629  12,806 1,566  356  1,901  7,072  9,201  356 
BUTLER 11,245  4,698  3,661  396  295  346  963  3,013  722 
CALDWELL 13,232  5,794  3,897  1,009  173  715  2,978  2,612  204 
CALLOWAY 30,735  13,242  7,980  3,897  1,262  103  6,307  6,758  177 
CAMPBELL 83,866  32,910  30,744  244  65  1,857  27,462  5,207  241 
CARLISLE 5,238  2,295  1,011  1,123  150  11  719  1,430  146 
CARROLL 9,292  3,870  3,442  135  34  259  2,036  1,580  254 
CARTER 24,340  9,290  5,805  1,812  965  708  1,943  6,607  740 
CASEY 14,211  6,046  1,707  2,580  509  1,250  904  4,345  797 
CHRISTIAN 68,941  23,429  20,199  2,042  453  735  16,865  6,177  387 
CLARK 29,496  11,635  10,005  334  187  1,109  8,146  3,265  224 
CLAY 21,746  7,930  3,507  3,568  526  329  1,260  5,656  1,014 
CLINTON 9,135  4,189  2,526  853  168  642  856  2,930  403 
CRITTENDEN 9,196  4,039  2,332  719  356  632  1,466  2,374  199 
CUMBERLAND 6,784  3,051  2,363  464  57  167  856  1,910  285 
DAVIESS 87,189  35,041  33,584  1,227  166  64  25,749  9,045  247 
EDMONSON 10,357  5,009  4,185  427  77  320  530  3,940  539 
ELLIOTT 6,455  2,639  451  1,324  482  382  342  1,698  599 
ESTILL 14,614  5,863  4,462  185  183  1,033  1,914  3,185  764 
FAYETTE 225,366  97,742  97,422  162  37  121  93,025  4,623  94 
FLEMING 12,292  5,163  4,091  103  451  518  1,486  3,206  471 
FLOYD 43,586  17,169  10,624  5,157  873  515  3,561  12,260  1,348 
FRANKLIN 43,781  18,543  17,716  89  117  621  13,900  4,278  365 
FULTON 8,271  3,684  3,247  349  67  21  2,634  1,025  25 
GALLATIN 5,393  2,290  1,352  152  37  749  648  1,464  178 
GARRARD 11,579  4,929  3,597  118  125  1,089  1,593  2,923  413 
GRANT 15,737  6,543  4,104  95  167  2,177  2,054  3,758  731 
GRAVES 33,550  14,528  9,937  3,786  697  108  5,803  8,363  362 
GRAYSON 21,050  10,446  5,639  2,620  577  1,610  2,551  6,715  1,180 
GREEN 10,371  4,523  2,867  765  165  725  1,090  3,078  355 
GREENUP 36,742  14,657  11,069  2,692  712  184  8,090  6,165  402 
HANCOCK 7,864  3,080  2,231  586  98  165  1,284  1,581  215 
HARDIN 89,240  32,375  28,250  3,221  452  452  20,458  11,541  376 
HARLAN 36,574  14,735  7,086  6,056  379  1,214  4,980  8,946  809 
HARRISON 16,248  6,488  5,043  93  66  1,286  3,114  2,932  442 
HART 14,890  6,501  4,450  1,063  244  744  1,500  4,310  691 
HENDERSON 43,044  17,932  16,120  1,444  187  181  11,617  6,143  172 
HENRY 12,823  5,447  4,566  127  244  510  1,681  3,395  371 
HICKMAN 5,566  2,374  1,026  1,212  124  12  745  1,529  100 
HOPKINS 46,126  19,325  18,231  357  183  554  11,358  7,304  663 
JACKSON 11,955  4,895  2,700  1,246  278  671  467  3,615  813 
JEFFERSON 664,937  282,578  278,364  1,733  286  2,195  242,806  38,954  818 
JESSAMINE 30,508  11,209  10,089  166  61  893  6,832  4,110  267 
JOHNSON 23,248  9,381  5,192  3,706  365  118  2,651  5,786  944 
KENTON 142,031  56,086  51,895  139  190  3,862  49,159  6,649  278 
KNOTT 17,906  6,718  702  5,076  543  397  570  5,637  511 
KNOX 29,676  11,731  7,374  3,937  195  225  3,015  7,878  838 
LARUE 11,679  4,824  2,572  1,590  353  309  1,254  3,358  212 
LAUREL 43,438  16,923  15,065  1,576  104  178  3,359  13,047  517 
LAWRENCE 13,998  5,684  2,043  3,053  422  166  1,207  3,738  739 
LEE 7,422  3,025  1,869  493  288  375  482  2,055  488 
LESLIE 13,642  5,038  1,156  3,181  339  362  197  4,343  498 
LETCHER 27,000  10,808  2,903  6,255  964  686  2,457  7,414  937 
LEWIS 13,029  5,328  2,493  955  832 1,048  1,067  3,561  700
LINCOLN 20,045  7,985  5,266  831  353 1,535  2,116  5,091  778
LIVINGSTON 9,062  4,177  2,661  1,094  179 243  1,123  2,790  264
LOGAN 24,416  10,303  7,976  1,509  396 422  4,657  5,358  288
LYON 6,624  3,460  2,459  768  101 132  1,116  2,278  66
MCCRACKEN 62,879  27,581  25,354  1,804  357 66  19,523  7,878  180
MCCREARY 15,603  6,039  4,703  860  92 384  415  4,865  759
MCLEAN 9,628  4,042  3,446  339  182 75  1,408  2,526  108
MADISON 57,508  21,456  19,804  204  119 1,329  12,195  8,547  714
MAGOFFIN 13,077  4,800  1,952  2,504  267 77  686  3,122  992
MARION 16,499  6,115  5,086  137  226 666  2,646  3,020  449
MARSHALL 27,205  12,528  9,880  1,675  888 85  3,533  8,800  195
MARTIN 12,526  4,697  2,576  1,833  209 79  706  3,503  488
MASON 16,666  7,089  5,915  104  145 925  3,913  2,696  480
MEADE 24,170  8,907  4,835  2,982  247 843  3,656  4,932  319
MENIFEE 5,092  2,421  772  435  220 994  233  1,838  350
MERCER 19,148  8,212  6,763  239  108 1,102  3,597  4,206  409
METCALFE 8,963  3,793  1,575  1,597  150 471  663  2,849  281
MONROE 11,401  4,882  2,405  1,512  333 632  1,310  3,186  386
MONTGOMERY 19,561  7,759  6,537  72  169 981  4,145  3,290  324
MORGAN 11,648  4,562  757  3,156  408 241  612  3,233  717
MUHLENBERG 31,318  12,754  12,103  315  139 197  4,479  7,673  602
NELSON 29,710  11,078  9,064  564  352 1,098  4,423  6,311  344
NICHOLAS 6,725  2,930  1,826  80  229 795  1,023  1,565  342
OHIO 21,105  8,680  7,478  670  283 249  2,944  5,412  324
OLDHAM 33,263  11,202  10,460  249  91 402  4,858  6,131  213
OWEN 9,035  4,723  2,771  114  254 1,584  981  2,669  1073
OWSLEY 5,036  2,137  1,136  721  183 97  275  1,565  297
PENDELTON 12,036  4,782  2,928  49  89 1,716  1,686  2,427  669
PERRY 30,283  11,565  4,486  5,181  682 1,216  3,351  7,386  828
PIKE 72,583  28,760  9,602  16,426  1792 940  3,948  22,886  1926
POWELL 11,686  4,458  3,221  376  174 687  1,678  2,461  319
PULASKI 49,489  22,328  16,384  2,318  401 3,225  5,793  15,230  1305
ROBERTSON 2,124  955  557  70 319  55  641  259
ROCKCASTLE 14,803  5,958  4,280  583  79 1,016  1,676  3,720  562
ROWAN 20,353  7,375  6,329  439  297 310  3,230  3,739  406
RUSSELL 14,716  7,375  3,309  3,052  344 670  1,650  5,372  353
SCOTT 23,867  9,173  8,111  227  98 737  5,485  3,312  376
SHELBY 24,824  9,617  8,579  71  256 711  4,406  4,980  231
SIMPSON 15,145  6,172  5,890  131  88 63  3,585  2,515  72
SPENCER 6,801  2,640  1,733  29  159 719  446  1,985  209
TAYLOR 21,146  8,798  6,968  815  339 676  4,546  4,000  252
TODD 10,940  4,415  2,731  1,059  335 290  1,524  2,525  366
TRIGG 10,361  5,284  4,377  587  141 179  1,208  3,899  177
TRIMBLE 6,090  2,510  2,178  78  70 184  678  1,705  127
UNION 16,557  6,091  5,434  574  63 20  3,666  2,290  135
WARREN 76,673  31,065  30,424  338  87 216  17,592  13,235  238
WASHINGTON 10,441  4,009  1,917  95  404 1,593  1,258  2,109  642
WAYNE 17,468  7,791  4,533  1,635  204 1,419  2,133  4,583  1075
WEBSTER 13,955  5,914  4,463  813  252 386  2,451  3,101  362
WHITLEY 33,326  13,399  8,021  4,673  297 408  4,719  7,807  873
WOLFE 6,503  2,779  892  1,508  163 216  360  1,954  465
WOODFORD 19,955  7,689  7,179  175  68 267  4,801  2,793  95

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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Letcher County, in eastern Kentucky, hosts a demonstration program.
Money has been appropriated for KOWA to build a demonstration site.

Onsite Management Communities:
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No information is available on Onsite Management Communities in Kentucky.