Other States:
KANSAS
Population: 2,688,418

Information on the state of Kansas is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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Debra Baker, Environmental Scientist
or
Don Snethen, Chief, Nonpoint Source Section
Kansas Department of Health and Environment/Bureau of Water
Non-Point Source Section
1000 S.W. Jackson St., Suite 420
Topeka, Kansas 66612-1237
(785) 296-1683 or (785) 296-5567 (respectively)
(785) 296-5509 (fax)

Dbaker@kdhe.state.ks.us

Dsnethen@kdhe.state.ks.us

http://www.state.ks.us/kdhe/water

 

Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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Kansas State Regulations

Kansas Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

Minimum Design Standards for Design, Construction, and Operation of
Onsite Wastewater Systems
Department of Health and Environment
Bulletin 4-2
March 1997

Kansas Administrative Regulations
Chapter 28, Article 5: Sewage and Excreta Disposal
January 1973

Onsite regulations for Kansas were last updated in March 1997. They are not currently under revision, and there are no plans to do so prior to July 31, 2002.

For a list of onsite wastewater treatment and disposal technologies approved in Kansas, contact Baker (above). Surface discharge for onsite septic disposal systems is not allowed in Kansas.

State Code allows for drainfield area/size reductions, based on soils. Enhanced treatment technologies are considered for drainfield reductions.

A funding mechanism exists to assist homeowners replacing failing systems. For information, contact:

Kerry Wedel, NPS Coordinator
State Conservation Commission
109 S.W. 9th St.
Suite 500, Mills Building
Topeka, KS 66612-1215
(785) 296-1883
(785) 296-6172 (fax)
kwedel@scc.state.ks.us

Onsite wastewater demonstration, research, or testing projects exist in the State. Questions may be directed to Barbara Dallemand, Environmental Engineer, Kansas State University Research & Extension, at (785) 5342-5813, (785) 532-6944 (fax), or bdallem@bae.ksu.edu

Kansas does not recognize or require management programs/contracts or management districts to monitor and maintain onsite systems or individual liquid waste systems. Local agencies have authority to adopt or require maintenance/management programs through county sanitary Codes; the state approves the county Codes.

The number of permits issued per year is tracked by the State and include new construction, and system repair and replacement. These records are maintained at both the local and state level.

According to Kansas Code, a failed system is one where there is surfacing wastewater, failure to meet separation distances, and backup into a home.

Kansas does not have a licensing/certification program for onsite wastewater professionals, such as installers, designers, inspectors, and site evaluators. Although there is no State licensing requirement, both local sanitarians and private contractors may perform site evaluations/inspections.

For information relevant to municipal wastewater regulations, one may contact Rod Geisler, Engineer/Chief, Municipal Wastewater, KDHE, at (785) 296-5527, or at rgeisler@kdhe.state.ks.us.

 

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: About 250,000, 1990 U.S. Census reports about 195,000.

Number of new systems installed each year: About 5000.

Failure definition: Surface expression of wastewater, nuisance conditions, failure to meet
separation distances.

Number or proportion of systems presently failing: For systems installed before 1980,
probably 75%; systems installed since then probably have a failure rate of 10-15%. Failure rates
are highest in the east, and lowest in the west.

Number or proportion repaired annually: About 2000.

Number or proportion replaced annually: About 1000.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
10%.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal): Less than 1%.

Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $3500; range, $850-$15,000.

 

Septic Stats:
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TOTAL PERSONS TOTAL HOUSING UNITS PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
KANSAS 2,477,574 1,044,112 934,508 90,689 13,418 5,497 847,767 187,398 8,947
COUNTIES
ALLEN 14,638 6,454 6,048 93 130 183 4,923 1,492 39
ANDERSON 7,803 3,514 3,127 65 219 103 1,908 1,567 39
ATCHISON 16,932 6,691 6,018 405 212 56 4,626 1,949 116
BARBER 5,874 3,120 2,453 587 25 55 2,201 860 59
BARTON 29,382 13,144 10,699 2,334 111 0 10,439 2,673 32
BOURBON 14,966 6,920 6,492 97 112 219 4,422 2,420 78
BROWN 11,128 4,890 3,710 760 355 65 3,377 1,459 54
BUTLER 50,580 20,072 15,934 3,719 330 89 13,969 5,641 462
CHASE 3,021 1,547 935 480 99 33 757 716 74
CHAUTAUQUA 4,407 2,249 1,711 430 41 67 1,380 800 69
CHEROKEE 21,374 9,428 8,387 834 121 86 5,943 3,334 151
CHEYENNE 3,243 1,687 1,105 532 31 19 1,080 552 55
CLARK 2,418 1,327 976 349 0 2 952 346 29
CLAY 9,158 4,138 3,331 723 81 3 2,831 1,286 21
CLOUD 11,023 5,198 4,371 776 47 4 4,031 1,124 43
COFFEY 8,404 3,712 3,167 176 232 137 2,530 1,074 108
COMANCHE 2,313 1,256 889 327 31 9 778 440 38
COWLEY 36,915 15,569 14,019 1,275 233 42 11,344 4,090 135
CRAWFORD 35,568 16,526 16,306 81 69 70 12,536 3,873 117
DECATUR 4,021 2,063 1,370 645 35 13 1,322 694 47
DICKINSON 18,958 8,415 6,522 1,725 135 33 5,840 2,473 102
DONIPHAN 8,134 3,337 2,584 437 248 68 1,974 1,266 97
DOUGLAS 81,798 31,782 30,561 765 304 152 28,097 3,618 67
EDWARDS 3,787 1,867 1,382 439 42 4 1,248 603 16
ELK 3,327 1,743 1,394 106 67 176 1,061 629 53
ELLIS 26,004 11,115 9,725 1,216 174 0 9,714 1,366 35
ELLSWORTH 6,586 3,317 2,368 566 364 19 2,198 1,036 83
FINNEY 33,070 11,696 9,539 2,097 47 13 9,460 2,199 37
FORD 27,463 10,842 9,113 1,622 83 24 9,028 1,722 92
FRANKLIN 21,994 8,926 7,792 721 285 128 6,195 2,619 112
GEARY 30,453 11,952 11,003 810 81 58 10,674 1,202 76
GOVE 3,231 1,494 985 484 25 0 940 536 18
GRAHAM 3,543 1,753 1,153 542 36 22 1,089 614 50
GRANT 7,159 2,599 1,941 627 31 0 1,954 638 7
GRAY 5,396 2,114 1,402 712 0 0 1,374 707 33
GREELEY 1,774 801 511 282 7 1 422 361 18
GREENWOOD 7,847 4,243 3,664 278 184 117 2,701 1,465 77
HAMILTON 2,388 1,214 942 256 14 2 849 351 14
HARPER 7,124 3,481 2,921 481 77 2 2,391 1,040 50
HARVEY 31,028 12,290 10,661 1,382 218 29 10,332 1,802 156
HASKELL 3,886 1,586 1,058 518 10 0 1,045 435 106
HODGEMAN 2,177 1,022 531 456 32 3 495 492 35
JACKSON 11,525 4,564 3,705 652 156 51 2,218 2,165 181
JEFFERSON 15,905 6,314 5,337 623 289 65 2,831 3,220 263
JEWELL 4,251 2,409 1,846 401 89 73 1,252 988 169
JOHNSON 355,054 144,155 143,397 246 184 328 135,316 8,736 103
KEARNY 4,027 1,561 1,146 404 11 0 1,109 452 0
KINGMAN 8,292 3,645 2,221 1,231 180 13 2,051 1,535 59
KIOWA 3,660 1,738 1,307 372 55 4 1,290 344 104
LABETTE 23,693 10,641 10,202 179 45 215 8,069 2,474 98
LANE 2,375 1,117 771 329 11 6 751 346 20
LEAVENWORTH 64,371 21,264 19,336 1,239 489 200 15,877 5,224 163
LINCOLN 3,653 1,864 1,259 575 27 3 1,093 720 51
LINN 8,254 4,811 4,208 228 202 173 2,407 2,248 156
LOGAN 3,081 1,466 1,091 370 0 5 1,088 378 0
LYON 34,732 14,346 13,411 516 333 86 12,004 2,063 279
MCPHERSON 27,268 10,941 8,984 1,727 216 14 8,488 2,289 164
MARION 12,888 5,659 4,053 1,314 266 26 3,825 1,666 168
MARSHALL 11,705 5,269 4,394 691 146 38 3,449 1,656 164
MEADE 4,247 2,049 1,518 491 40 0 1,496 545 8
MIAMI 23,466 8,971 7,908 139 334 590 4,608 4,302 61
MITCHELL 7,203 3,359 3,102 174 76 7 2,573 735 51
MONTGOMERY 38,816 17,920 16,940 699 151 130 14,119 3,696 105
MORRIS 6,198 3,149 1,603 1,369 114 63 1,510 1,589 50
MORTON 3,480 1,515 1,151 351 13 0 1,073 433 9
NEMAHA 10,446 4,319 3,602 569 123 25 2,802 1,385 132
NEOSHO 17,035 7,726 7,362 213 65 86 5,541 2,155 30
NESS 4,033 2,048 1,465 507 64 12 1,355 649 44
NORTON 5,947 2,798 2,048 686 40 24 1,964 817 17
OSAGE 15,248 6,324 5,841 186 211 86 3,712 2,523 89
OSBORNE 4,867 2,496 1,983 355 149 9 1,780 665 51
OTTAWA 5,634 2,591 1,841 674 68 8 1,552 1,029 10
PAWNEE 7,555 3,412 2,601 738 73 0 2,639 739 34
PHILLIPS 6,590 3,264 2,421 690 137 16 2,247 968 49
POTTAWATOMIE 16,128 6,472 4,760 1,510 197 5 3,697 2,596 179
PRATT 9,702 4,620 3,519 1,075 26 0 3,620 941 59
RAWLINS 3,404 1,744 994 717 22 11 972 684 88
RENO 62,389 26,607 19,981 6,241 356 29 20,996 5,495 116
REPUBLIC 6,482 3,283 2,652 564 62 5 2,135 1,046 102
RICE 10,610 4,868 3,749 1,018 89 12 3,754 1,100 14
RILEY 67,139 22,868 20,701 2,004 108 55 19,954 2,741 173
ROOKS 6,039 2,979 2,357 514 77 31 2,250 708 21
RUSH 3,842 1,999 1,525 402 42 30 1,377 568 54
RUSSELL 7,835 4,079 3,789 195 80 15 3,308 730 41
SALINE 49,301 21,129 20,116 916 47 50 18,950 2,157 22
SCOTT 5,289 2,305 1,702 576 27 0 1,678 606 21
SEDGWICK 403,662 170,159 155,278 13,262 1,513 106 155,567 13,907 685
SEWARD 18,743 7,572 6,873 683 16 0 6,855 717 0
SHAWNEE 160,976 68,991 67,760 833 269 129 59,400 9,266 325
SHERIDAN 3,043 1,324 752 530 20 22 729 540 55
SHERMAN 6,926 3,177 2,532 631 14 0 2,412 735 30
SMITH 5,078 2,615 1,904 543 134 34 1,692 806 117
STAFFORD 5,365 2,666 1,583 1,043 38 2 1,729 848 89
STANTON 2,333 956 635 314 7 0 627 325 4
STEVENS 5,048 2,116 1,606 470 32 8 1,585 515 16
SUMNER 25,841 10,769 8,408 2,161 171 29 7,349 3,336 84
THOMAS 8,258 3,534 2,610 898 26 0 2,605 901 28
TREGO 3,694 1,851 1,259 517 19 56 1,136 634 81
WABAUNSEE 6,603 2,853 1,641 866 245 101 1,361 1,424 68
WALLACE 1,821 840 566 273 0 1 410 419 11
WASHINGTON 7,073 3,355 2,449 777 100 29 2,103 1,124 128
WICHITA 2,758 1,190 768 412 10 0 765 393 32
WILSON 10,289 5,091 4,593 244 103 151 3,190 1,820 81
WOODSON 4,116 2,199 1,795 179 136 89 1,305 867 27
WYANDOTTE 161,993 69,102 68,797 173 97 35 61,737 7,151 214

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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Kansas State University is conducting demonstration and research projects with constructed wetlands, sand filters, and aerobic units.

Barbara Dallemand
Assistant Extension Specialist/Onsite Wastewater
Kansas State University
Biological and Agricultural Engineering,
237 Seaton Hall
Manhattan, KS 66506
Telephone 785-532-2934
Fax 785-532-6944,
bdallem@bae.ksu.edu

Onsite Management Communities:
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No information is available on Onsite Management Communities in Kansas.