Other States:
GEORGIA
Population: 8,186,453

Information on the state of Georgia is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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Scott A. Uhlich, Program Manager, or
Greg Harless, Program Consultant
Georgia Department of Human Resources
Environmental Health Section
2 Peachtree Street, NW
16th Floor
Atlanta, Georgia 30303-3186
(404) 657-6534
(404) 657-6533 (fax)

sxuhlich@dhr.state.ga.us

grharless@dhr.state.ga.us

http://www.ph.dhr.state.ga.us/manuals/sewage/contents.html

Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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Georgia State Regulations

Georgia Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

On-site Sewage Management Systems
Rules of the Georgia Department of Human Resources
Chapter 290-5-26
May 15, 2001

Onsite regulations for Georgia were last updated in March 2001; there are no plans to revise the existing Code/regulations prior to July 31, 2002.

Technologies approved for onsite wastewater treatment and disposal in Georgia include alternative aggregate systems (e.g., tire chips and polystyrene), chamber systems, gravelless systems, peat filters, drip systems, and mounds. For those technologies already approved, a review may be requested from the Department's Technical Review Committee. Georgia regulations also provide for an experimental system and review process.

Surface discharge is not an option for onsite septic disposal systems. For onsite systems over 10,000 gpd and surface discharges, an NPDES permit is issued by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Protection Division.

Georgia Code allows for drainfield area/size reductions, based on wastewater quality and/or effective infiltration area of the absorption field. Advance treatment systems producing a Class I effluent are considered for drainfield reductions, and any absorption field system that provides for more effective infiltration area as compared to a conventional gravel absorption field system.

Funding programs exist through the Community Block Grant Program, Georgia Department of Community Affairs, to assist homeowners replacing failing systems or installing new systems.

The Department of Human Resources is in the process of funding three (3) onsite wastewater demonstration, research, or testing projects through the University of Georgia. For further information, please contact Larry West, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Crops and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602-7272. Phone: (706) 542-0906, Fax: (706) 542-0914, email: lwest@uga.edu

Georgia Code recognizes or requires management programs/contracts or management districts to monitor and maintain onsite systems or individual septic disposal systems with flows greater than 10,000 gpd. Georgia law provides provisions for county boards of health to adopt provisions for the maintenance of onsite sewage systems. However, the provision excludes non-mechanical residential systems. The Department's regulations require aerobic treatment units to provide for a three-year service plan including a service visit every six (6) months during this period. The company must provide quarterly maintenance reports to the Department and the county board of health.

In the coming year, provisions will be made to require operation and maintenance plans for systems with flows of 2,000 gpd or more. Provisions also are being made to require monitoring of advanced treatment systems, i.e., those producing a Class I effluent, beyond the three-year service period.

The number of permits issued each year is tracked in Georgia for new construction, and repair and replacement of existing systems. These records are maintained at the county level.

In Georgia, a failed system is any onsite sewage management system in such condition that it constitutes a public hazard by inadequate treatment and/or disposal of sewage. The most common reasons for system failure include poor maintenance, improper use, poor landscaping (surface water drainage), and inadequate or incorrect soil analysis.

The state has a licensing/certification program for onsite wastewater professionals, i.e., inspectors, site evaluators, contractors, pumpers, and soil scientists. In Georgia, Environmental Health Specialists are certified to perform inspections and site evaluations. Soil Scientists are certified to conduct soil evaluations. State registered engineers and geologists can also perform soil evaluations.

For information about municipal wastewater regulations, please contact Ernest Earn, Manager, Environmental protection Division, Engineering and Technology Support Program, at (404) 675-6233.

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: At least 600,000; U.S. census data imply a number closer to
1 million.

Number of new systems installed each year: NA

Failure definition: Must constitute a public hazard.

Number or proportion of systems presently failing: Over 10,000.

Number or proportion repaired annually: 9000+ repairs or replacements.

Number or proportion replaced annually: See above.

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
NA

Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal):
NA

Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $2500 (range $750-$10,000).

Cost of a centralized sewer tie-in (including fees and cost of the sewer lateral): NA

 

Septic Stats:
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TOTAL PERSONS TOTAL HOUSING UNITS PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
GEORGIA 6,478,216 2,638,418 2,144,049 391,011 85,715 17,643 1,638,979 970,686 28,753
COUNTIES
APPLING 15,744 6,629 2,689 2,868 1,061 11 1,897 4,613 119
ATKINSON 6,213 2,449 1,258 845 321 25 986 1,407 56
BACON 9,566 3,859 1,664 1,645 550 0 1,559 2,226 74
BAKER 3,615 1,499 315 1,045 135 4 74 1,366 59
BALDWIN 39,530 14,200 11,296 2,343 456 105 8,383 5,753 64
BANKS 10,308 4,193 1,271 2,040 776 106 426 3,627 140
BARROW 29,721 11,812 8,260 2,410 1,070 72 3,799 7,903 110
BARTOW 55,911 21,757 17,986 3,286 255 230 7,906 13,614 237
BEN HILL 16,245 6,875 5,258 1,321 261 35 4,262 2,557 56
BERRIEN 14,153 5,858 3,064 2,441 344 9 2,667 3,004 187
BIBB 149,967 61,462 57,991 3,050 416 5 52,158 9,077 227
BLECKLEY 10,430 4,268 2,040 2,096 126 6 1,818 2,358 92
BRANTLEY 11,077 4,404 824 3,448 121 11 352 3,904 148
BROOKS 15,398 5,972 2,829 2,697 402 44 1,937 3,858 177
BRYAN 15,438 5,549 3,013 2,242 269 25 1,614 3,843 92
BULLOCH 43,125 16,541 9,986 5,897 612 46 7,429 8,873 239
BURKE 20,579 8,329 3,510 4,263 459 97 2,952 4,975 402
BUTTS 15,326 5,536 2,807 2,061 558 110 1,649 3,740 147
CALHOUN 5,013 2,061 1,392 587 66 16 1,125 847 89
CAMDEN 30,167 10,885 6,897 3,605 287 96 6,211 4,586 88
CANDLER 7,744 3,203 1,672 1,318 213 0 1,316 1,768 119
CARROLL 71,422 27,736 18,470 6,289 2,748 229 10,223 17,067 446
CATOOSA 42,464 16,762 15,557 1,029 92 84 5,497 11,185 80
CHARLTON 8,496 3,222 1,443 1,634 124 21 1,120 2,013 89
CHATHAM 216,935 91,178 84,505 6,062 535 76 78,810 11,987 381
CHATTAHOOCHEE 16,934 3,108 3,053 18 9 28 2,226 840 42
CHATTOOGA 22,242 9,142 7,120 1,727 137 158 3,213 5,802 127
CHEROKEE 90,204 33,840 29,218 3,584 737 301 7,895 25,609 336
CLARKE 87,594 35,971 33,750 1,879 335 7 28,613 7,183 175
CLAY 3,364 1,586 837 684 65 0 690 827 69
CLAYTON 182,052 71,926 71,163 592 134 37 61,126 10,658 142
CLINCH 6,160 2,423 1,580 693 147 3 1,201 1,100 122
COBB 447,745 189,872 188,154 1,458 218 42 161,024 28,631 217
COFFEE 29,592 11,650 5,581 5,006 1,055 8 4,603 6,871 176
COLQUITT 36,645 14,350 8,888 4,866 558 38 6,696 7,359 295
COLUMBIA 66,031 23,745 19,441 3,544 682 78 15,524 7,977 244
COOK 13,456 5,340 3,132 1,952 241 15 2,848 2,424 68
COWETA 53,853 20,413 11,171 6,906 2,197 139 7,337 12,833 243
CRAWFORD 8,991 3,279 570 2,083 614 12 428 2,714 137
CRISP 20,011 8,318 5,015 2,978 325 0 4,468 3,817 33
DADE 13,147 4,998 4,083 758 76 81 876 4,025 97
DAWSON 9,429 4,321 1,634 1,849 571 267 206 4,056 59
DECATUR 25,511 10,120 5,451 4,134 503 32 3,904 6,066 150
DEKALB 545,837 231,520 231,165 274 71 10 210,696 20,432 392
DODGE 17,607 7,094 3,429 3,406 228 31 2,334 4,517 243
DOOLY 9,901 4,003 2,320 1,375 255 53 1,906 1,914 183
DOUGHTERY 96,311 37,373 33,813 3,308 234 18 29,739 7,412 222
DOUGLAS 71,120 26,495 24,176 1,817 369 133 9,048 17,258 189
EARLY 11,854 4,714 2,429 2,049 224 12 2,097 2,454 163
ECHOLS 2,334 942 289 580 48 25 16 881 45
EFFINGHAM 25,687 9,492 3,855 5,201 401 35 1,715 7,547 230
ELBERT 18,949 7,891 3,928 2,837 984 142 3,112 4,436 343
EMANUEL 20,546 8,344 4,770 3,214 304 56 3,437 4,672 235
EVANS 8,724 3,512 2,155 1,153 199 5 1,379 2,065 68
FANNIN 15,992 8,363 3,453 2,601 501 1,808 1,261 6,913 189
FAYETTE 62,415 22,428 17,715 3,808 870 35 9,984 12,295 149
FLOYD 81,251 32,821 30,173 2,258 176 214 20,042 12,570 209
FORSYTH 44,083 17,869 8,066 7,229 2,268 306 1,522 16,083 264
FRANKLIN 16,650 7,613 3,507 2,558 1,394 154 1,920 5,439 254
FULTON 648,951 297,503 293,186 3,257 956 104 274,906 21,485 1,112
GILMER 13,368 6,986 1,789 3,412 236 1,549 865 5,808 313
GLASCOCK 2,357 1,036 431 421 159 25 271 708 57
GLYNN 62,496 27,724 20,472 6,771 450 31 17,504 9,897 323
GORDON 35,072 13,777 10,684 2,774 245 74 3,978 9,687 112
GRADY 20,279 8,129 4,060 3,610 442 17 3,437 4,399 293
GREENE 11,793 4,699 2,761 1,274 627 37 1,666 2,759 274
GWINNETT 352,910 137,608 135,275 1,787 484 62 80,533 56,752 323
HABERSHAM 27,621 11,076 6,563 2,857 1,337 319 2,934 7,934 208
HALL 95,428 38,315 28,755 7,238 2,027 295 12,342 25,664 309
HANCOCK 8,908 3,396 1,523 1,089 759 25 613 2,488 295
HARALSON 21,966 9,016 5,150 2,665 1,151 50 3,289 5,564 163
HARRIS 17,788 7,814 4,781 2,227 675 131 1,208 6,360 246
HART 19,712 8,942 3,384 3,616 1,691 251 1,997 6,718 227
HEARD 8,628 3,536 1,059 1,455 972 50 354 2,878 304
HENRY 58,741 21,275 17,603 2,657 940 75 6,149 14,903 223
HOUSTON 89,208 34,785 33,036 1,425 268 56 25,552 9,058 175
IRWIN 8,649 3,479 1,492 1,720 267 0 1,271 2,097 111
JACKSON 30,005 11,775 4,659 4,580 2,423 113 3,039 8,505 231
JASPER 8,453 3,637 1,761 1,283 544 49 950 2,571 116
JEFF DAVIS 12,032 4,792 2,292 2,093 398 9 1,809 2,898 85
JEFFERSON 17,408 7,065 4,382 2,326 315 42 3,284 3,551 230
JENKINS 8,247 3,365 1,611 1,563 167 24 1,500 1,715 150
JOHNSON 8,329 3,389 1,343 1,830 160 56 896 2,344 149
JONES 20,739 7,722 4,279 2,725 634 84 1,787 5,791 144
LAMAR 13,038 5,066 2,692 1,431 935 8 2,232 2,714 120
LANIER 5,531 2,202 988 1,067 140 7 918 1,260 24
LAURENS 39,988 16,504 8,951 6,877 596 80 7,726 8,322 456
LEE 16,250 5,537 2,329 2,910 279 19 1,509 3,938 90
LIBERTY 52,745 16,776 13,153 3,001 586 36 11,040 5,507 229
LINCOLN 7,442 3,870 998 2,370 443 59 737 2,745 388
LONG 6,202 2,638 917 1,474 233 14 582 2,021 35
LOWNDES 75,981 28,906 20,484 7,544 806 72 18,894 9,723 289
LUMPKIN 14,573 5,729 966 2,605 1,376 782 680 4,898 151
MCDUFFIE 20,119 8,043 3,859 3,189 957 38 3,165 4,664 214
MCINTOSH 8,634 4,276 2,541 1,489 236 10 919 3,279 78
MACON 13,114 4,848 3,174 1,184 485 5 2,855 1,870 123
MADISON 21,050 8,428 1,730 3,992 2,546 160 593 7,647 188
MARION 5,590 2,152 817 989 273 73 536 1,308 308
MERRIWETHER 22,411 8,409 4,160 2,586 1,601 62 3,169 4,902 338
MILLER 6,280 2,602 825 1,671 99 7 825 1,684 93
MITCHELL 20,275 7,443 4,234 2,836 344 29 3,657 3,635 151
MONROE 17,113 6,401 2,470 3,082 802 47 1,931 4,280 190
MONTGOMERY 7,163 2,885 1,538 1,213 113 21 1,195 1,629 61
MORGAN 12,883 4,814 2,126 1,769 889 30 1,580 3,076 158
MURRAY 26,147 10,207 6,313 3,516 210 168 1,744 8,376 87
MUSCOGEE 179,278 70,902 70,331 511 30 30 69,116 1,604 182
NEWTON 41,808 15,494 10,321 3,667 1,435 71 5,831 9,491 172
OCONEE 17,618 6,561 3,586 2,363 559 53 862 5,591 108
OGLETHORPE 9,763 3,936 932 1,866 1,096 42 257 3,448 231
PAULDING 41,611 15,237 10,901 3,356 892 88 1,883 13,085 269
PEACH 21,189 7,537 5,854 1,495 178 10 4,158 3,268 111
PICKENS 14,432 6,403 3,776 1,744 432 451 849 5,346 208
PIERCE 13,328 5,271 2,039 2,723 509 0 1,790 3,422 59
PIKE 10,224 3,797 1,093 1,791 910 3 660 3,024 113
POLK 33,815 13,585 12,034 1,207 188 156 5,722 7,689 174
PULASKI 8,108 3,470 1,940 1,322 208 0 1,747 1,696 27
PUTNAM 14,137 7,113 2,861 3,367 815 70 1,999 4,974 140
QUITMAN 2,209 1,346 800 438 61 47 82 1,191 73
RABUN 11,648 7,883 2,916 2,669 341 1,957 1,174 6,563 146
RANDOLPH 8,023 3,225 2,193 808 206 18 1,886 1,178 161
RICHMOND 189,719 77,288 74,670 2,232 326 60 64,748 12,304 236
ROCKDALE 54,091 19,963 16,791 2,299 763 110 9,388 10,455 120
SCHLEY 3,588 1,447 777 599 71 0 695 714 38
SCREVEN 13,842 5,861 2,023 3,374 410 54 1,653 3,998 210
SEMINOLE 9,010 3,962 1,414 2,341 207 0 888 2,999 75
SPALDING 54,457 20,702 16,506 3,190 984 22 10,292 10,243 167
STEPHENS 23,257 10,254 7,352 1,954 887 61 4,101 5,920 233
STEWART 5,654 2,156 1,574 414 111 57 1,252 690 214
SUMTER 30,228 11,726 7,598 3,697 403 28 6,730 4,765 231
TALBOT 6,524 2,645 1,608 675 332 30 525 1,917 203
TALIAFERRO 1,915 886 294 415 158 19 214 551 121
TATTNALL 17,722 6,756 3,311 2,914 531 0 2,606 3,926 224
TAYLOR 7,642 3,162 1,716 1,197 239 10 1,308 1,626 228
TELFAIR 11,000 4,756 3,036 1,548 164 8 2,531 2,056 169
TERRELL 10,653 4,069 2,753 1,146 152 18 2,173 1,715 181
THOMAS 38,986 15,936 11,281 4,130 511 14 8,772 6,977 187
TIFT 34,998 13,359 9,629 3,378 341 11 8,174 5,032 153
TOOMBS 24,072 9,952 6,824 2,897 231 0 5,968 3,878 106
TOWNS 6,754 4,577 2,758 1,011 181 627 432 4,057 88
TREUTLEN 5,994 2,437 1,139 1,157 141 0 1,058 1,286 93
TROUP 55,536 22,426 17,206 3,907 1,261 52 13,123 9,103 200
TURNER 8,703 3,426 2,362 992 56 16 1,817 1,558 51
TWIGGS 9,806 3,648 929 2,231 408 80 507 2,946 195
UNION 11,993 6,624 3,098 2,157 443 926 703 5,760 161
UPSON 26,300 10,667 6,843 2,744 1,003 77 4,520 5,942 205
WALKER 58,340 23,347 20,944 1,924 233 246 7,614 15,489 244
WALTON 38,586 14,514 10,276 2,714 1,382 142 6,367 7,931 216
WARE 35,471 14,628 11,746 2,366 505 11 7,927 6,529 172
WARREN 6,078 2,443 1,206 843 351 43 936 1,395 112
WASHINGTON 19,112 7,416 4,043 2,900 419 54 3,043 4,065 308
WAYNE 22,356 8,812 4,222 4,254 336 0 3,640 5,117 55
WEBSTER 2,263 898 317 368 144 69 44 715 139
WHEELER 4,903 2,148 877 1,087 182 2 706 1,389 53
WHITE 13,006 6,082 1,402 3,177 974 529 793 5,031 258
WHITFIELD 72,462 28,832 25,021 3,286 368 157 11,634 16,941 257
WILCOX 7,008 2,865 1,476 1,280 104 5 853 1,944 68
WILKES 10,597 4,548 2,602 1,619 299 28 1,956 2,257 335
WILKINSON 10,228 4,151 2,833 1,026 228 64 1,015 3,008 128
WORTH 19,745 7,597 3,338 3,890 353 16 2,380 5,044 173

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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No information is available on Onsite Demonstration Programs in Georgia.

Onsite Management Communities:
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No information is available on Onsite Management Communities in Georgia.