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FLORIDA
Population: 15,982,378

Information on the state of Florida is available for the following topics. To review this information, click on the links below.

Contacts| Regulations, Statutes & State Codes | Quick Facts | Septic Stats

Onsite Demonstration Programs | Onsite Management Communities

 

 

Contacts:
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Dale Holcomb, Environmental Manager, or Gerald Briggs, Chief
Florida Department of Health
4052 Bald Cypress Way, Bin A08
Tallahassee, Florida 32399-1713
(850) 488-4080 or (850) 245-4070 (respectively)
(850) 922-6969 (fax)

dale_holcomb@doh.state.fl.us

gerald_briggs@doh.state.fl.us

http://www.doh.state.fl.us/environment/ostds/form/docfiles/forms/64e6.doc

 

Regulations, Statutes & State Codes:
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Florida State Regulations

Florida Constitutions, Statutes and Codes

Florida Administrative Code
Standards for On-Site Sewage Treatment and Disposal Systems
Chapter 10D-6
September 5, 2000

Rule revision is an ongoing process in Florida. Onsite regulations were last updated September 5, 2000; however, revisions are in progress, including sections: 64E-6001(5) Voluntary assessment of existing systems, and 64E-6008(4) Criteria for requiring separate laundry waste systems.

Additional revisions to existing Codes/regulations are planned to occur between August 1, 2000, and July 31, 2001, for minimum soil cover over septic tanks, unobstructed area criteria, and effluent lines crossing potable water lines. Within the past year, improved septic tank inlet and outlet seals and sealants have been added to the Florida regulations.

In Florida, the Department of Environmental Protection has jurisdiction for sewage flows greater than 10,000 gpd domestic and greater than 5,000 gpd commercial. They do not permit onsite sewag3e treatment and disposal systems (OSTDS) for sewage flows.

Surface discharge is not an option for onsite septic disposal systems.

Drainfield area/size reductions are allowed by Florida Code, based on alternative drainfield products, improved effluent quality (ATU, AWT, Advanced Secondary), and/or alternative drainfield geometry.

No funding program or mechanism exists to assist homeowners replacing failing systems or installing new systems.

For information about ongoing onsite wastewater demonstration, research, or testing projects, contact Mark Hooks, Environmental Specialist, DOH Onsite Sewage Program, at the address above, phone (850) 245-4070, fax (850) 922-6969, or email mark_hooks@doh.state.fl.us

Florida Code recognizes or requires management programs/contracts or management districts to monitor and maintain onsite systems that are aerobic treatment units (ATUs), and/or performance-based systems. Brad Croft, Environmental Specialist, DOH Onsite Sewage Programs, may be contacted for information at the address above, or phone (850) 245-4070, fax (850) 922-6969, or email brad_croft@doh.state.fl.us

Florida has not formed, nor are there plans to form, a public utility type company or entity for operation, management, and maintenance.

Currently, the numbers of onsite systems in use in Florida are:
Single family - 1,530,000
Small community - None
Business/commercial - 270,000
Subdivision - less than 10

The permit numbers are tracked and are as follows for the past year:
New construction - 35,551
Repair of system - 17,716
Replacement of system - 4,388

In Florida, a failed system is defined as "repair, replacement of, or modifications or additions to a failing system which are necessary to allow the system to function in accordance with its design or must be made to eliminate a public health or pollution hazard. Servicing or replacing with like kind mechanical or electrical parts of an approved onsite sewage treatment and disposal system; or making minor structural corrections to a tank, or distribution box, does not constitute a repair. The use of any treatment method that is intended to improve the functioning of any part of the system, or to prolong or sustain the length of time the system functions, shall be considered a repair. The use of any non-prohibited additive by the system owner, through the building plumbing, shall not be considered a repair. Removal of the contents of any tank or the installation of an approved outlet filter device, where the drainfield is not disturbed, shall not be considered a repair. Replacement of a broken lid to any tank shall not be considered a repair."

 

Quick Facts:
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Total number of onsite systems: 1.6-2 million, estimated.
Number of new systems installed each year: About 40,000.
Failure definition: Conditions which prohibit the system from functioning in a sanitary manner,
and which result in plumbing failure, or in the discharge of insufficiently treated water onto the
ground, or into surface or ground waters.
Number or proportion of systems presently failing: NA, see below for annual estimates.
Number or proportion repaired annually: 20,000-30,000 indefinitely repaired or replaced
annually; data are tracked well because all repairs require permits.
Number or proportion replaced annually: See above.
Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require alternative technology (e.g.,
sand filters, pressure dosing):
Many types of alternative or advanced technology are employed,
but no percentages were provided. As to leaching areas, over half the systems are either
conventional trench or bed systems. However, fill systems account for 20%, mound systems for
almost 25%, and gravelless systems for about 1.5% of current installations.
Number or proportion of repairs or replacements that require advanced technology (e.g.,
disinfection, nutrient removal):
No breakout was provided; see above.
Cost of a conventional septic system installation: $2500; range $2000-$25,000. About half the
installations require mounds or fill; were this not the case, the typical cost would be more like
$1500.
Cost of a centralized sewer tie-in (including fees and cost of the sewer lateral): $3000 to
$12,000.

 

Septic Stats:
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TOTAL PERSONS TOTAL HOUSING UNITS PUBLIC SYSTEM DRILLED WELL DUG WELL OTHER PUBLIC SEWER SEPTIC TANK OTHER MEANS
FLORIDA 12,937,926 6,100,262 5,298,184 745,506 49,052 7,520 4,499,793 1,559,113 41,356
COUNTIES
ALACHUA 181,596 79,022 63,936 14,170 812 104 57,640 21,074 308
BAKER 18,486 5,975 1,541 4,306 125 3 1,468 4,474 33
BAY 126,994 65,999 54,143 11,060 761 35 45,564 20,185 250
BRADFORD 22,515 8,099 2,962 5,009 109 19 2,068 5,953 78
BREVARD 398,978 185,150 166,860 17,190 995 105 139,648 44,874 628
BROWARD 1,255,488 628,660 622,113 5,613 685 249 569,234 57,651 1,775
CALHOUN 11,011 4,468 1,642 2,554 252 20 1,109 3,282 77
CHALOTTE 110,975 64,641 59,117 5,009 392 123 33,217 30,851 573
CITRUS 93,515 49,854 22,647 25,979 1,085 143 13,910 35,490 454
CLAY 105,986 40,249 24,764 14,731 698 56 22,283 17,704 262
COLLIER 152,099 94,165 84,750 8,815 401 199 74,265 19,311 589
COLUMBIA 42,613 17,818 7,390 9,799 575 54 4,808 12,743 267
DADE 1,937,094 771,288 755,189 13,935 1,606 558 650,806 116,288 4,194
DE SOTO 23,865 10,310 4,440 5,554 304 12 3,588 6,440 282
DIXIE 10,585 6,445 2,479 3,838 114 14 775 5,622 48
DUVAL 672,971 284,673 247,962 33,807 2,689 215 218,137 65,114 1,422
ESCAMBIA 262,798 112,230 111,016 1,077 105 32 65,461 46,376 393
FLAGLER 28,701 15,215 13,095 1,990 120 10 12,193 2,768 254
FRANKLIN 8,967 5,891 4,557 1,210 124 0 2,539 3,236 116
GADSDEN 41,105 14,859 9,706 4,358 683 112 6,046 8,455 358
GILCHIRST 9,667 4,071 666 3,301 100 4 484 3,532 55
GLADES 7,591 4,624 3,593 888 126 17 429 4,171 24
GULF 11,504 6,339 3,968 2,151 219 1 2,883 3,435 21
HAMILTON 10,930 4,119 2,041 1,864 214 0 1,759 2,198 162
HARDEE 19,499 7,941 3,567 3,889 479 6 3,349 4,462 130
HENDRY 25,773 9,945 6,898 2,826 184 37 4,549 5,281 115
HERNANDO 101,115 50,018 38,981 10,457 473 107 20,814 28,943 261
HIGHLANDS 68,432 40,114 28,476 10,902 664 72 17,001 22,400 713
HILLSBOROUGH 834,054 367,740 309,773 53,549 3,898 520 286,122 78,911 2,707
HOLMES 15,778 6,785 2,273 4,190 286 36 1,301 5,349 135
INDIAN RIVER 90,208 47,128 31,831 14,300 901 96 26,762 19,360 1,006
JACKSON 41,375 16,320 6,411 9,357 464 88 4,564 11,440 316
JEFFERSON 11,296 4,395 1,357 2,738 276 24 1,090 3,151 154
LAFAYETTE 5,578 2,266 456 1,764 40 6 366 1,849 51
LAKE 152,104 75,707 51,312 23,204 957 234 38,625 36,188 894
LEE 335,113 189,051 165,032 22,433 1,360 226 132,266 54,309 2,476
LEON 192,493 81,325 71,127 9,648 535 15 58,881 22,090 354
LEVY 25,923 12,307 4,330 7,763 196 18 2,371 9,823 113
LIBERTY 5,569 2,157 797 1,282 60 18 22 2,036 99
MADISON 16,569 6,275 2,548 3,438 281 8 1,590 4,528 157
MANATEE 211,707 115,245 109,226 5,495 487 37 102,788 12,105 352
MARION 194,833 94,567 45,949 46,062 2,297 259 33,793 59,532 1,242
MARTIN 100,900 54,199 38,385 14,672 913 229 31,307 22,023 869
MONROE 78,024 46,215 44,763 594 422 436 22,651 21,991 1,573
NASSAU 43,941 18,726 8,119 9,925 649 33 7,309 11,125 292
OKALOOSA 143,776 62,569 59,832 2,547 174 16 49,950 12,488 131
OKEECHOBEE 29,627 13,266 7,641 5,386 213 26 2,647 10,497 122
ORANGE 677,491 282,686 261,279 19,759 1,387 261 211,204 69,892 1,590
OSCEOLA 107,728 47,959 36,972 10,162 668 157 33,359 13,903 697
PALM BEACH 863,518 461,665 426,402 32,215 2,620 428 409,458 50,551 1,656
PASCO 281,131 148,965 113,510 33,256 1,866 333 90,899 56,330 1,736
PINELLAS 851,659 458,341 454,678 3,282 269 112 444,193 13,317 831
POLK 405,382 186,225 149,165 34,036 2,542 482 104,224 80,238 1,763
PUTNAM 65,070 31,840 9,104 21,151 1,488 97 6,500 24,850 490
ST. JOHNS 83,829 40,712 29,030 10,685 883 114 22,434 17,939 339
ST. LUCIE 150,171 73,843 49,687 22,242 1,707 207 42,612 29,517 1,714
SANTA ROSA 81,608 32,831 30,308 2,253 226 44 9,682 23,002 147
SARASOTA 277,776 157,055 133,551 21,597 1,650 257 114,887 40,692 1,476
SEMINOLE 287,529 117,845 105,617 11,372 744 112 91,301 26,284 260
SUMTER 31,577 15,298 6,147 8,725 414 12 3,434 11,638 226
SUWANNEE 26,780 11,699 3,623 7,797 276 3 2,840 8,792 67
TAYLOR 17,111 7,908 3,715 3,948 222 23 2,055 5,780 73
UNION 10,252 2,975 1,129 1,691 151 4 1,036 1,899 40
VOLUSIA 370,712 180,972 157,516 21,875 1,455 126 119,338 60,843 791
WAKULLA 14,202 6,587 2,875 3,473 239 0 702 5,645 240
WALTON 27,760 18,728 11,152 7,059 478 39 7,098 11,493 137
WASHINGTON 16,919 7,703 3,063 4,299 264 77 2,105 5,400 198

 

Onsite Demonstration Programs:
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No information is available on Onsite Demonstration Programs in Florida.

Onsite Management Communities:
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Broward County
Charlotte County
Clermont Health District
Monroe County
Port St Lucie
Lake County
Franklin County