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Ground Water and Surface Water: A Single Resource
Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey

Nearly all surface water features interact with groundwater. This illustrated book gives an overview of the relationship between groundwater and surface water. It is intended to help build a foundation for policies governing the management and protection of aquifers and watersheds.

DWBKPE115DL/Book: 87 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 
Ground Water Protection: A Citizen's Action Checklist
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Americans have some of the safest drinking water supplies in the world, but it takes a tremendous amount of work to ensure that this remains true. This fact sheet lists a number of actions individuals may take to help keep drinking water supplies safe.

DWFSPE36DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (1992)

Price: $0.00


 
Ground Water Protection: What You Need to Know
National Groundwater Association

This fact sheet answers several of the most frequently asked questions about groundwater and offers tips on protecting this source of drinking water for 47 percent of the U.S. population.

DWFSPE266DL/Fact Sheet: 1 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00
 
Ground Water Quality: What You Need to Know
National Groundwater Association

A basic understanding about groundwater quality helps ensure that a private well is supplying potable water. This fact sheet describes some of the natural processes that can occur in water including hardness and excessive iron, nitrogen, silica, and sulfur.

DWFSPE263DL/Fact Sheet: 1 pp. (2009)

Price: $0.00


 
Ground Water Rule Corrective Actions Guidance Manual
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

The primary purpose of the Ground Water Rule is to provide for increased protection against microbial pathogens in Public Water Systems (PWSs) that use ground water as their source. The purpose of this guidance manual is to assist States and PWSs to select and implement corrective actions in response to significant deficiencies identified during sanitary surveys or in response to fecal contamination of source water as required under the Ground Water Rule (GWR).

DWBKRG125DL/Book: 109pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00
 
Ground Water Rule Factsheet: General Rule Requirements
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This fact sheet about the Ground water Rule covers the general requirements of the rule, including sanitary surveys, source water monitoring, compliance monitoring, and corrective actions.

DWFSRG138DL/Fact Sheet: 5 pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00


 
Ground Water Rule Factsheet: Monitoring Requirements
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This fact sheet provides an overview of monitoring requirements related to the Ground Water Rule.

DWFSRG134DL/Fact Sheet: 6 pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00
 
Ground Water Rule Factsheet: Public Notification and Special Notice Requirements for Noncommunity Water Systems
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This fact sheet explains the Ground Water Rule and what public notification means. It also discusses what type of notification would be required for differing situations and violations.

DWFSRG136DL/Fact Sheet: 5 pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00


 
Ground Water Rule Factsheet: Public Notification, Consumer Confidence Report, and Special Notice Requirements for Community Water Systems
U.S. Environmental Protection Agnecy, Office of Water

This fact sheet discusses how the Ground Water Rule is related to other regulation requirements such as the Public Notification Rule and Consumer Confidence Report Rule. The fact sheet includes details about notification levels for violations and other situations.

DWFSRG139DL/Fact Sheet: 6 pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00
 
Ground Water Rule Factsheet: Sanitary Surveys
U.S. Environmental Protection Agnecy, Office of Water

This fact sheet explains the Ground Water Rule's role in preventing microbial contamination of drinking water supplies, including the difference between the Ground Water Rule and the Total Coliform Rule, what a sanitary survey is, and important dates to remember along with additional references.

DWFSRG137DL/Fact Sheet: 5 pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00


 
Ground Water Rule Sample Collection and Transport: A Quick Reference Guide
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

The Ground Water Rule requires that systems that do not provide 4-log treatment of viruses for all their ground water sources collect at least one source water sample after detection of total coliform in a routine Total Coliform Rule sample. This fact sheet provides authoritative details about the sampling location and the sample collection procedures required in this event.

DWFSRG119DL/Fact Sheet: 3 pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00
 
Ground Water Rule Source Assessment Guidance Manual
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This manual provides water systems with technical information about complying with the Ground Water Rule.

DWBKRG128DL/Book: 98 pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00


 
Ground Water Rule Triggered and Representative Monitoring: A Quick Reference Guide
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

The purpose of the federal Ground Water Rule(GWR) is to reduce the risk of illness caused by microbial contamination in public ground water systems. The purpose of triggered source water monitoring is to evaluate whether the presence of total coliform in the distribution system is due to fecal contamination in the ground water source. This fact sheet provides the regulatory details for a drinking water system, including sampling requirements, exceptions to the requirements and notification requirements in the event that a fecal-positive sample is collected.

DWFSRG118DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00
 
Ground Water “Buried Treasure”
Ground Water Protection Council

As rain falls to the ground, it moves into the spaces between the soil particles. This is ground water. Used This fact sheet explains the basics of ground water use and describes the major threats to ground water quality. The various public agencies that currently oversee ground water protection are listed as well as some practical ways that hoemowneners can join in the efforts.

DWFSPE369DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00


 
Ground-Water Availability in the United States
U.S. Geological Survey

Providing half of our drinking water, groundwater is vital to the nation. It is essential to the health of rivers, wetlands, and estuaries and is necessary for agriculture. Groundwater availability in the U.S. has been affected by large-scale development and over pumping, leading to concerns about its future availability. This booklet discusses these and other groundwater concerns.

DWBLPE442DL/Booklet: 79pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00
 
Groundwater Basics
The Groundwater Foundation

Without water, all life on earth would cease to exist, but groundwater is rarely understood or appreciated. This leaflet is chock-full of groundwater facts, answers to some common questions, includes a glossary of water-related terms and a list of things homeowners can do to prevent groundwater contamination.

DWBRPE391DL/Brochure: 2pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00


 
Groundwater Contamination & Your Septic System
Virginia Department of Health

This fact sheet describes how groundwater can be contaminated by septic systems. It addresses the problems that can occur in septic systems when outside chemicals are introduced and offers suggestions for homeowners to keep their systems functioning properly.

WWFSPE153DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (1991)

Price: $0.00
 
Groundwater Management in IWRM - Training Manual
Cap-net, United Nations Development Program (UNDP)

In many countries, groundwater is of vital importance for the livelihood and health of the people since it is often the main source for domestic water. It is also widely used for irrigated agriculture and industry. However, water supply systems have often been developed in an unsustainable way, threatening vital social and economic developments. As a result many governments have been reforming water resources management to adopt the approach known as Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). One important issue has been the inadequate attention to groundwater management within the reforms towards an IWRM approach. Yet a fundamental observation of IWRM is that water is one (interlinked) resource requiring a holistic approach to management and hence groundwater should be fully incorporated. After a series of case studies in Africa and some pilot training courses, Cap-Net, the Africa Groundwater Network (AGW-Net) and GW- MATE (Ground Water Management Advisory Team) have collaborated to produce these training materials about groundwater management. An important objective of these materials is to address groundwater in the IWRM perspective. The goal of the course is to introduce the broader framework of groundwater management to groundwater experts and the specific challenges of groundwater management to other water professionals.

DWBKMG199DL/Book: 116pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00


 
Groundwater Protection and Your Septic System
National Environmental Services Center

Third in a series of three brochures, this focuses on groundwater and drinking water sources in relation to septic systems. Along with ways to prevent contaminants from reaching the groundwater, this brochure discusses groundwater protection based upon proper septic system sizing and location. Various schematic diagrams are provided.

WWBRPE21DL/Brochure: 2pp. (1995)

Price: $0.00
 
Groundwater Protection and Your Septic System (Spanish Version)
National Environmental Services Center

Third in a series of three brochures, this focuses on groundwater and drinking water sources in relation to septic systems. Along with ways to prevent contaminants from reaching the groundwater, this brochure discusses groundwater protection based upon proper septic system sizing and location. Various schematic diagrams are provided.

WWBRPE59DL/Brochure: 2 pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00


 
Groundwater Protection Begins at Home
National Environmental Services Center

This poster shows how household hazardous waste can contaminate groundwater. The back of the poster contains notes about household hazardous waste and disposal, as well as information about how to set up a household hazardous waste disposal program.

DWPSPE40DL/Poster: 2 pp. (1995)

Price: $0.00
 
Growing Toward More Efficient Water Use: Linking Development, Infrastructure, and Drinking Water Policies
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Community and Environment Development Division

Communities face two growing and related issues: increasing financial needs for water infrastructure and concerns about the availability of water. This report focuses on this connection, offering suggestions for town planners and local officials including policy options for water demand management, smart growth and land use.

DWBLMG116DL/Booklet: 39 pp. (2006)

Price: $0.00


 
Guidance for Evaluation of Potential Groundwater Mounding Associated with Cluster and High-Density Wastewater Soil Absorption Systems (WSAS)
National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project

Hydrologic evaluation of cluster and high-density wastewater soil absorption systems (WSAS) is important because it can help ensure a site has sufficient capacity to assimilate water in excess of natural infiltration. Insufficient capacity may result in significant groundwater mounding on low hydraulic conductivity lenses or elevate the water table. This report presents a methodology for evaluation and selection of investigative techniques of site conditions and other important issues facing WSAS. A flow chart and decision support tool are also provided, as well as characterization activities and modeling approaches for each level of assessment.

WWCDRE46DL/Book: 135pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00
 
Guidance for Water Utility Response, Recovery & Remediation Actions for Man-Made and/or Technological Emergencies
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Emergency response planning is primarily a local responsibility. This document supplements and supports local response to manmade or technological emergencies and is considered the minimum actions that EPA recommends be carried out by a water utility.

Covered response actions relate to: threat of or actual intentional contamination of a water system; threat of contamination at a major event; notification from health officials of potential water contamination; public notification considerations; contamination sampling procedures (with a sample form); water contamination at different sources, facilities, and major events; and disruption of supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems; and significant structural damage caused by an intentional act.

DWBLMG50DL/Booklet: 19 pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00


 
Guidance Manual for Conducting Sanitary Surveys of Public Water Systems; Surface Water and Ground Water Under the Direct Influence (GWUDI)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Conducting sanitary surveys on a routine basis is an important element in preventing contamination of drinking water supplies. This manual, compiled by the EPA, provides guidance on how to conduct a sanitary survey of surface water and ground water. This manual describes the complete sanitary survey process. The report forms from several different states are included.

DWBKRG120DL/Book: 182 pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00
 
Guidance Manual for the Aircraft Drinking Water Rule (ADWR) - Interim Final
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This guidance manual explains the details of the Aircraft Drinking Water Rule, which applies to any aircraft that regularly serves at least 25 people at least 60 days per year.

DWBKRG130DL/Book: 176pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00


 
Guidance on the Privitization of Federally Funded Wastewater Treatment Works
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Although more than $20 billion in federal and state investments provided funding to communities for water pollution control infrastructure projects through the Clean Water State Revolving Fund (SRF) Program, local governments’ infrastructure needs are estimated to be approximately $200 billion. One funding approach to consider is public-private partnerships that have private sector resources to finance wastewater treatment needs. This book discusses the privatization of publicly owned wastewater treatment works that were financed through EPA’s Construction Grants Program, research and demonstration programs, and special Congressional appropriations. The book presents factors a local government should consider when evaluating privatization. It outlines what information local governments must gather for EPA’s review and approval of proposed disposition types of arrangements.

WWBKPP07DL/Book: 73pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00
 
Guidance Specifying Management Measures for Sources of Nonpoint Pollution in Coastal Waters
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This book contains guidance specifying management measures for sources of nonpoint pollution in coastal waters. It addresses five source categories of nonpoint pollution as well as a suite of management measures for each source category. In addition to this management measures guidance, EPA and NOAA have jointly published final guidance for the approval of state programs that implement management measures, explaining more fully how the management guidance will be implemented in state programs.

WWBKMG40DL/Book: 845 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00


 
Guide to Using Water Wisely
San Jose Water Company

This guide is designed to help homeowners conserve water.

DWBLPE435DL/Booklet: 26 pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00
 
Guidelines for Legislative and Institutional Reforms Needed for the Implementation of IWRM at National Level in ESCWA Region
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UNESCWA)

With increasing interest in the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) approach, this summary paper was developed to outline how this approach may be used. The paper mainly focused on the following: a) assessment of present status of institutional and legislative settings and appropriateness to implement IWRM plans; b) identification of institutional and legislative challenges, constraints and gaps that hinder the implementation of IWRM plans in the region and assessment of opportunities; c) proposal of scenarios and alternatives for the implementation of legal and institutional reforms and ultimately the IWRM process; d) review of institutional and legislative measures undertaken by developed and developing countries from other regions and presentation of case studies in three selected countries in the ESCWA region (Egypt, Jordan, and Yemenn); and e) preparation of a set of recommendations to ESCWA Member States on the possible institutional and legislative reforms needed to facilitate the implementation of IWRM at the national/local levels.

DWBLMG203/Booklet: 18pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00


 
Guidelines for the Design and Use of Bottomless Sand Filters
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management

The use of sand media to treat wastewater has been practiced with good success for well over one hundred years. Bottomless sand filters are a good technology where certain site and soil conditions make the use of conventional drainfields impractical. This document provides general information to the designer, installer and maintenance provider concerning bottomless sand filters. Siting guidelines are detailed and the system components are described. Several excellent line drawings and diagrams accompany the text. A glossary of wastewater terms is also included.

WWBLDM107DL/Booklet: 33 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00
 
Guidelines for Water Reuse
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This manual evaluates the requirements and potential benefits of water reuse systems. It discusses how to assess costs and benefits and how to implement a water reuse system. Separate chapters are devoted to each of the key technical, financial, legal, institutional, and public involvement considerations that a reuse planner might examine. In addition, there is a chapter about reuse applications in other countries.

WWBKDM72DL/Book: 262pp. (1992)

Price: $0.00


 
Guiding Principles for Constructed Treatment Wetlands: Providing for Water Quality and Wildlife Habitat
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Wetlands Oceans and Watersheds

The number of constructed treatment wetland projects receiving wastewater from municipal, industrial, agricultural and storm water sources has increased to more than 600 active projects across the U.S. This user guide promotes the development of environmentally beneficial constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment system by providing information on the legal, policy, and technical issues associated with these systems. It serves as a guide for those developing and managing constructed treatment wetlands. Information about the principles for planning, siting, design, construction, operation, maintenance, and monitoring of municipal wastewater treatment constructed weltands is provided as well as information on current EPA policies, permits, regulations, and resources. The user guide also includes commonly asked questions with answers, and the appendices offer definitions, references, and other helpful information.

WWBLMG31DL/Booklet: 25pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00
 
Handbook for Capacity Development: Developing Water System Capacity Under the Safe Drinking Water Act as Amended in 1996
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Capacity development ensures a water system has the ability to provide the public with safe drinking water now and in the future. It has three components, managerial, technical, and financial, to fulfill. The book explains the process of implementing a state capacity development program and includes funding sources, plus, it explains the need for public education to successfully implement a plan.

DWBLMG26DL/Book: 141 pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00


 
Handbook for Developing Watershed Plans to Restore and Protect Our Waters
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This handbook provides information on developing and implementing watershed management plans that help to restore and protect water quality. A watershed management plan defines and addresses existing or future water qualtiy problems from both point and nonpoint sources of pollutants. Although it is comprehensive in terms of providing resources and tools for each step of the watershed planning process, it is laid out in an easy-to-read format with shortcuts and road maps along the way.

DWBKMG100DL/Book: 400 pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00
 
Handbook for Managing Onsite and Clustered (Decentralized) Wastewater Treatment Systems
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Although decentralized systems offer many benefits, they are not without problems. Each community must carefully evaluate its situation and management needs to develop a management program that is supported by residents, protects public health and environment, and allows the community to grow and prosper. This booklet recommends the basic format for developing an effective onsite sewage management program based on the principles in EPA’s Voluntary National Guidelines for Managing Onsite and Clustered (Decentralized) Wastewater Treatment Systems.

WWBLMG57DL/Book: 66 pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00


 
Handbook of Constructed Wetlands: A Guide to Creating Wetlands for Agricultural Wastewater in the Mid-Atlantic Region, Volume 3
U.S. Department of Agriculture - Natural Resources Conservation Service, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Region III

Agricultural wastewater suitable for wetland treatment include milkhouse wastewaters, runoff from concentrated livestock areas, and effluents from settling tanks and manure treatment lagoons. This volume examines the different types of constructed wetlands used for treating agricultural wastewater and should be used in conjunction with Volume 1. Step-by-step procedures are given for designing constructed wetlands.

WWBLDM85DL/Booklet: 35 pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00
 
Handbook of Constructed Wetlands: A Guide to Creating Wetlands for Domestic Wastewater in the Mid-Atlantic Region, Volume 2
U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-Region III

This volume discusses using constructed wetlands to treat domestic wastewater. It addresses the various types of constructed wetlands, contaminant removal processes, wastewater characteristics, and performance expectations. This second volume is to be used in conjunction with Volume 1.

WWBLDM84DL/Booklet: 27 pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00


 
Handbook of Constructed Wetlands: A Guide to Creating Wetlands for Stormwater in the Mid-Atlantic Region, Volume 5
U.S. Department of Agriculture - Natural Resources Conservation Service, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agnecy - Region III

This volume discusses using constructed wetlands to treat stormwater runoff. It addresses contaminant removal processes; performance of stormwater wetlands; design, siting, vegetation; and operation and maintenance. This volume is to be used in conjunction with Volume 1.

WWBLDM86DL/Booklet: 38 pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00
 
Handbook on Coordinating Funding for Water and Wastewater Infrastructure: A Compilation of State Approaches
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This handbook compiles information on how six states - Arizona, California, Montana, New York, Pennsylvania, and Washington - identified the key to successfully coordinating dollars for improving drinking water and wastewater infrastructures. This handbook presents the lessons learned by these states to allow other states to better understand the benefits and challenges of coordinating funding efforts.

WWBKFN43DL/Book: 78pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Hardship Grants Program for Rural Communities
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This fact sheet explains the Hardship Grants Program for Rural Communities, which the 1996 Congressional Appropriations Act created to help small, disadvantaged, rural communities address their wastewater treatment needs. The EPA makes grants to each state which then provides financial assistance to eligible rural communities for planning, designing, and constructing treatment facilitiesŃboth community and onsite. Assistance can include operation and maintenance training, technical assistance, and education. Eligibility criteria and sources of additional information are outlined.

FMFSFN27DL/Fact Sheet: 2pp. (1997)

Price: $0.00
 
Health Information about Arsenic in Drinking Water
Maryland Department of the Environment

This pamphlet answers some of the pressing questions homeowners might have about the dangers of arsenic in drinking water. The information is presented in a clear, non-technical style.

DWFSPE328DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00


 
Healthy Drinking Waters for Massachusetts: Private Well Owner Responsibility
University of Massachusetts, Extension

This fact sheet describes well owners' responsibility for the care and maintenance of their private well. The fact sheet discusses proper well location and construction, how to keep contaminants away from the well, sealing abandon wells, and well water testing.

DWFSPE436DL/Fact Sheet: 5 pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00
 
Healthy Drinking Waters for Rhose Islanders: Residential Well Water Testing
University of Rhode Island, Cooperative Extension

Private wells currently are not regulated by the U.S. EPA. Having your well tested provides information on the quality and safety of your drinking water. This fact sheet offers guidance on how, why, and when to have your well tested and lists tests recommended for different water conditions.

DWFSPE248DL/Fact Sheet: 4pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Help Us Protect Our Septic System and Keep our Groundwater Clean
Cornell University, Cornell Cooperative Extension

This poster is an effort to help keep septic systems and groundwater clean. Items that are not to be put down toilets and drains are listed. A drawing of the typical layout of a septic system and well are also included on the poster.

WWPSPE94DL/Poster: 1 pp. (0)

Price: $0.00
 
Helping Small Systems Comply With The Safe Drinking Water Act The Role of Restructuring
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This pamphlet uses a question and answer format to address some of the most commonly asked questions about restructuring. It also provides sources for additional information.

DWBLMG12DL/Booklet: 6 pp. (1992)

Price: $0.00


 
High-strength flows—not your average wastewater
National Environmental Services Center

This Pipeline offers appropriate onsite treatment solutions and a case study, which looks at a Connecticut restaurant's experience with high BOD and TSS loads and how a new recirculation tank and sand filter provided improved treatment. A brief summation of US EPA's Class V Injection Wells ruling is also included. This issue describes the characteristics of wastewater produced by various nonresidential sources such as RV dumping stations, restaurants, car washes, beauty shops, and personal care homes that are often located in rural areas and use onsite systems for wastewater treatment.

SFPLNL34DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00
 
Home Water Testing
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Whether you drink city water or well water at home, some situations require that you have your water tested. This free fact sheet provides information to help homeowners decide whether or not they should have their water tested. Concerns include whether homeowners suspect lead in their household plumbing, whether they’re expecting a new baby in the house, and whether there are issues with water taste, odor, or staining. The fact sheet also briefly discusses collecting samples and who should perform the testing.

DWFSPE314DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00


 
Home Water Treatment Units: Filtering Fact From Fiction
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Produced to respond to the public's request for information, this brochure discusses the proper use of home water treatment units, the misconceptions about unit approval, possible false or misleading promotions, and references to help consumers make informed decisions.

DWBRPE03DL/Brochure: 2 pp. (1990)

Price: $0.00
 
Home Water Treatment Using Activated Carbon
Michigan State University, Cooperative Extension Service

Home water purification using activated carbon is often employed to treat drinking water quality problems and is considered one of the best home methods for removing certain organic compounds. This booklet discusses activated carbon filters, their operation, maintenance, and cost.

DWFSPE127DL/Fact Sheet: 5pp. (1990)

Price: $0.00


 
Homeowner Onsite System Recordkeeping System
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet provides a place to record and store information about your septic system and its maintenance. On the cover are sections for permit and local health department information. Inside are tips for locating your system, a safety checklist, and a section for recording the names, addresses, and certification numbers of your systems designer, installer, and pumper.

WWBLPE37DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (2011)

Price: $0.00
 
Homeowner's Guide to Onsite System Regulations
National Environmental Services Center

The Winter 1998 Pipeline examines common onsite wastewater system regulations and how they affect property transfers, professional qualifications, operation and maintenance, and system changes and repairs. The newsletter outlines steps that homeowners and others typically must take to have systems approved. The newsletter highlights health officials' roles and responsibilities, citing an example of a health inspector in rural Kentucky who helps install onsite wastewater systems.

SFPLNL12DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Homeowner's Manual For the Operation, Monitoring, and Maintenance of a Gravity On-site Sewage Treatment and Disposal System
University of Washington, Wasington Sea Grant Program

Proper maintenance can help any system run smoothly. This manual is intended to help owners of gravity-fed onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems operate, monitor, and maintain their systems. Proper maintenance helps the system function properly, controls health hazards by preventing pollutuion, and prevents costly repairs. This manual is tailored to owners' specific needs, including information about laws and regualtions, onsite system lyfecycles, property-specific components, record keeping, and system operation. This document also includes illustrations, a glossary, and other materials intended to assist onsite professionals communicate with their clients.

WWBLOM47DL/Booklet: 44pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00
 
Homeowner's Manual For the Operation, Monitoring, and Maintenance of a Mound On-site Sewage Treatment and Disposal System
University of Washington, Wasington Sea Grant Program

This manual is intended to help owners of mound onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems operate, monitor, and maintain their systems. Proper maintenance helps the system function properly, controls health hazards by preventing pollution, and prevents costly repairs. The manual is tailored to owners' specific needs, including information about laws and regulations, onsite system lifecycles, property-specific components, record keeping, and system operation. The document also includes illustrations, a glossary, and other materials intended to assist onsite professionals communicate with their clients.

WWBLOM51DL/Booklet: 42pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00


 
Homeowners and Agricultural Community Reduce Bacteria Levels in Oconee County Watersheds
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Livestock operations and failing septic systems caused excessive fecal coliform levels in two rural South Carolina creeks. In 1998 the state placed three sites along the Coneross and Beaverdam Creeks on its 303(d) list for violating bacterial indicator water quality standards. The three watersheds represented by these sites did not support recreational uses because of the bacterial impairment. The South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC) developed total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) for fecal coliform for Beaverdam Creek and two sites within Coneross Creek. Public and private partners met these TMDLs by implementing several best management practices (BMPs) designed, in part, to help the creeks meet state water quality standards for fecal coliform. At the close of the project in December 2005, all three sites were meeting South Carolina’s water quality standards for fecal coliform.

WWFSMG77DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00
 
Household Hazardous Waste: Where It Goes In Monongalia County
National Environmental Services Center

Applicable to any community, this fact sheet explains what household hazardous wastes are and what happens when they are put in the trash, flushed down the drain, dumped in a storm drain, burned, and/or dumped on the ground. It also provides tips on what people can do to reduce household hazardous wastes.

DWFSPE46DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (1996)

Price: $0.00


 
Household Water Reduction and Design Flow Allowances for On-Site Wastewater Management
Ian Gunn, The University of Auckland

This booklet shows that using water reduction fixtures and appliances in households and institutions with onsite wastewater facilities, such as septic tank/soil absorption field systems, has significant potential to reduce the effluent flow volume for treatment/disposal. Since community interest in water conservation measures has increased, the plumbing industry developed new and improved techniques for saving water. Because of these developments, regulatory authorities must evaluate onsite wastewater designs that claim significant reductions in installed system size as a result of incorporating water reduction measures. Regulatory authorities are concerned about the technical basis for reduced design-flow allowances. This booklet was developed to provide a better understanding of design-flow reduction using water conservation fixtures.

WWBLRE28DL/Booklet: 16 pp. (1997)

Price: $0.00
 
How a Failed Septic System Impacts the Watershed
Little Beaver Creek Land Foundation

This factsheet describes how failed septic systems impacted a local watershed.

DWFSPE426DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00


 
How a House Works: What Happens after the flush
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

This fact sheet discusses the out-of-sight, out-of-mind attitude most of us have about happens after we flush the toilet. We know wastewater goes somewhere, but where does it go? This fact sheet answers that question and others, including how water conservation improves onsite system efficiency.

WWFSPE92DL/Fact Seet: 4 pp. (1997)

Price: $0.00
 
How To Begin a Fire Hydrant Operation and Maintenance Program
National Environmental Services Center

Communities expect that fire hydrants will supply sufficient water to extinguish a fire. But like any other piece of equipment, if you don't operate and maintain your fire hydrants properly, they won't work when you need them most. This article originally published in OnTap magazine, details an appropriate O&M program to keep your hydrants in tip-top shape.

DWFSOM99DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00


 
How to Conduct an Inventory in Your Wellhead Protection Area: A Training Manual for Use with Volunteers
University of Idaho, Idaho Water Resources Research Institute

This training manual is designed to help community volunteers conduct wellhead protection inventories in their local watershed. The manual takes a user step-by-step through the process for training volunteers.

DWBKPE95DL/Book: 113pp. (1993)

Price: $0.00
How to Develop a Multi-Year Training & Exercise (T&E) Plan: A Tool for the Water Sector
How to Develop a Multi-Year Training & Exercise (T&E) Plan: A Tool for the Water Sector
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This fact sheet discusses how to create a multi-year emergency preparedness training and exercise plan to help employees stay prepared and facilitates new employee understanding of the utility's preparedness plans and operations. The fact sheet also provides managers and responders with a mechanism to evaluate operations and plans, and it focuses on providing continual improvement for the utility.

DWFSMG228DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (2012)

Price: $0.00


How to Develop a Multi-Year Training & Exercise (T&E) Plan: A Tool for the Water Sector
How to Develop a Multi-Year Training & Exercise (T&E) Plan: A Tool for the Water Sector
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

A multi-year training and exercise (T&E) plan is a tool that can be used to help your utility attain preparedness goals. This document will assist utilities to create multi-year T&E plans that can lead to increased emergency preparedness. Organized into three sections, this document provides background on the different types of training and exercises, walks the reader through a water and wastewater utility multi-year T&E plan template, and provides example plans and other resources.

DWBLMG229DL/Booklet: 17 pp. (2011)

Price: $0.00
 
How to Hire an Engineer—A guide for the small public water system
Washington State Department of Health, Division of Environmental Health, Office of Drinking Water

This guide will explain the process of selecting the most suitable engineer for small water system projects. The information is provided in a question and answer format, with questions that are most likely to arise while selecting an engineer.

DWFSMG137DL/Fact Sheet: 4pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00


 
How to Keep Your Water 'Well'
National Environmental Services Center

It is important to ensure a safe drinking water supply. The Summer 2002 Pipeline informs us how to keep our water ‘well.’ Groundwater quality, private wells, well placement, identification of contaminants, and septic systems are all covered in this newsletter. Also included are recommended steps to protect groundwater supplies and minimum horizontal separations between drinking water sources and wastewater disposal systems.

SFPLNL30DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00
 
How to Manage Your Septic System and Protect Your Water
Utah State University, Extension

This fact sheet is about protecting water supplies by properly managing septic systems. The fact sheet discusses proper installation and maintenance of septic systems and how to minimize the risk of contamination to drinking water supplies.

DWFSPE437DL/Fact Sheet: 8 pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00


 
How To Operate and Maintain Manganese Greensand Treatment Units
National Environmental Services Center

The manganese-greensand process has been used effectively for removing iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulfide from well water since the 1950s. For iron and manganese removal the naturally occurring singular grains of glauconite have excellent filtration characteristics. But as with any treatment system, proper operation and maintenance must be conducted for the system to continue to be reliable. This article first printed in OnTap magazine, describes a typical greensand system and recommends some basic maintenance tasks that must be performed.

DWFSOM100DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00
 
How to Overcome Barriers to Public Involvement
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Innovation

U.S. EPA issued this public involvement policy in June 2003. The prolicy provides guidelines to EPA managers and staff on how to involve the public in the agency's decision making. This brochure, which is one in a series, suggests ways to avoid, neutralize, or help overcome common barriers to effective public involvement activities and processes.

FMBRGN258DL/Brochure: 2 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
How to Protect Your Well
Watershed Committee of the Ozarks

This fact sheet discusses how to protect your well's water quality from likely pollutants and includes information about well installation and well casings.

DWFSPE68DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (1995)

Price: $0.00
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking
How to Store Water for Drinking or Cooking
The Pennsylvania State University , Penn State Extension

This fact sheet discusses the importance of storing water for cooking and drinking for use during an emergency. Storing water for an emergency is simple, especially when the water is not contaminated.

DWFSPE445DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (2015)

Price: $0.00


 
How Wastewater Treatment Works . . . The Basics
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This brochure describes the two basic stages in wastewater treatment: primary and secondary. The primary treatment section details bar screens, a grit chamber, a sedimentation tank, and raw primary biosolids (sludge). The secondary treatment section describes the trickling filter, activated sludge process, aeration tank, and disinfection. It also discusses other treatment options, including biological treatment capable of removing nitrogen and phosphorus and physical-chemical separation techniques, such as carbon adsorption or reverse osmosis

WWBRPE53DL/Brochure: 6 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 
How-To Manual: Update and Enhance Your Local Source Water Protection Assessments
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

The more current and comprehensive a water supply assessment is, the more likely it is to provide a basis for changes in regulations. Economic savings also can be realized by public water systems if these assessments are periodically updated. This booklet helps community leaders to incorporate additional information into their susceptibility determinations.

DWBLMG141DL/Booklet: 36 pp. (2006)

Price: $0.00


 
Hunters Point Shipyard Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Study
National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project

The San Francisco Public Utilities Commission investigated various decentralized wastewater treatment technologies for use at Hunters Point Shipyard in San Francisco. The conclusion of this study, as well as important technical and cost information considered in the citywide Clean Water Master Plan, is discussed.

WWCDMG34DL/Multiple Files: 127pp. (2004)

Price: $0.00
 
Hydrogen Sulfide and Sulfate in Private Drinking Water Wells
University of Rhode Island, Cooperative Extension

Hydrogen sulfide is a gas that is produced naturally by decomposing organic material and sulfur-reducing bacteria. Sulfates are part of naturally-occurring minerals contained within soil and rock formations. This fact sheet describes potential health effects and potential treatment options.

DWFSPE283DL/Fact Sheet: 4pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
IDSE Tool Version 1.0
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

IDSEs are an important part of the Stage 2 Disinfectants and Disinfection Byproducts Rule (DBPR). As a small water system operator, you are subject to the IDSE requirements of the Stage 2 DBPR if you meet the following criteria: if you use a primary or residual disinfectant other than ultraviolet light (UV), or you are a consecutive system that delivers water that has been treated with a primary or residual disinfectant other than UV and you are a community water system of any size, or you are a non-transient non-community water system that serves more than 10,000 people. This download contains a special software program that guides you through a series of questions to determine your IDSE Requirements and selects the best IDSE option for the system.The IDSE Plan/Report Entry allows you to develop and electronically submit the finished plans and reports.

DWCDOM136DL/Multiple Zip Files 188 MB: 0 pp. (2006)

***This download is Windows only compatible.

Price: $0.00
 
Illinois Source Water Protection—Guide to Developing A Source Water Protection Plan
Montana Water Center, Montana Water Center

This interactive training download helps to simplify the process of creating a source water protection plan for small public drinking water systems in Illinois. Flash cards and glossary games, video clips, and activities make this training fun.

DWCDOM71DL/Multiple Zip Files 365 MB: 0 pp. (0)

* Mac users, after downloading file, begin by clicking on iswp_mac

Price: $0.00


 
Impact of Pipe Coatings on Drinking Water Quality
The City of Calgary, Engineering and Environmental Services Department

This booklet presents case studies of trace chemical contamination in the city of Calgary's distribution system. In most of the cases, it was observed that the cause of the contamination was the internal pipe coating material. Results suggest that proper and careful selection of the pipe linings and testing are required to provide safe drinking water.

DWBLRE01DL/Booklet: 9 pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00
 
Implementation Guidance for the Arsenic Rule: Drinking Water Regulations for Arsenic and Clarifications to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This guidance manual acquaints primacy agency decision makers, public water system staff, and public health officials with the final arsenic rule. The manual is divided into four sections:

• Section I summarizes the rule and presents a timeline of important dates.

• Section II addresses compliance and reporting requirements, including violation tables to helps states with compliance activities.

• Section III covers state primacy revision requirements, including a time frame for application review and approval.

• Section IV provides information about where to find additional technical information on the rule.

Appendices include a glossary, a copy of the final rule, and violation tables arranged for data management and enforcement purposes.

DWBKRG81DL/Book: 83 pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00


 
Implementation Guidance for the Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

The purpose of this summary is to familiarize state decision makers, public health officials, and other primary enforcement agencies with the Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (IESWTR). The IESWTR is designed to address health risks from microbial contaminants without significantly increasing the potential risks from chemical contaminants.

DWBKRG104DL/Book: 106 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00
 
Improving Drinking Water Well Condition
Cooperative Extension Service, The University of Georgia, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Athens

Wells are designed to provide clean water, however, they can allow bacteria nitrates, pesticides, or petroleum products to contaminate ground water. And once the ground water is contaminated it is very difficult and costly to clean. Prevention is the best practice. This document provides an assessment to evaluate the environmental soundness of your farm relating to your drinking water well. Well condition facts, reference and publications that provide alternatives to current practices as well as structural modifications that can prevent contamination are provided.

DWBLPE341DL/Booklet: 16 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Improving Security through Capacity Development: Capacity Self-Assessments
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This brochure, focuses on the needs of small drinking water systems (those serving 3,300 or less people) and illustrates how states can use existing tools—such as capacity self-assessments— to help address security concerns. It also explains why systems should be encouraged to assess their vulnerabilities and plan for emergencies.

DWBLOM110DL/Booklet: 12 pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00
 
Improving Septic System Maintenance in Coastal Communities
NC State University , Cooperative Extension

This booklet discusses how improving septic system maintenance protects groundwater. The booklet discusses proper septic system installation, maintenance, and major contributors to system failure.

DWBLPE439DL/Booklet: 16 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
In-Vessel Composting of Municipal Wastewater Sludge
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Center for Environmental Research Information

This manual presents lessons learned from the first 20 years of in-vessel composting, highlighting its history, performance, and operation in eight case studies. The book also includes design and operating considerations for future in-vessel and other sludge composting systems.

WWBKRE34DL/Book: 200pp. (1989)

Price: $0.00
 
Infiltration and Inflow Can Be Costly for Communities
National Environmental Services Center

The Spring 1999 Pipeline describes common causes of inflow/infiltration (I/I) problems and how they impact sewer systems, public health, and the environment in small communities. The newsletter discusses methods to identify I/I, such as smoke testing and closed-circuit television inspection. Common rehabilitation methods are described. The newsletter includes a case study from a small Alaskan community and contacts and resources to help small communities that struggle with I/I problems.

SFPLNL17DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00


 
Injection Wells: An Introduction to Their Use, Operation and Regulations
Ground Water Protection Council

Underground injection is the placement of fluids into the ground through a well bore. Since the passage of several legislative acts in the 70s that regulate waste disposal, underground injection has grown in importance. When disposed of at the surface, many of these fluids pose a risk of contaminating surface waters or ground water. This booklet explains some of the parameters that must be considered when using this method of disposal: site selection, construction requirements, operating and monitoring requirements. Covering all four classes of injection wells, this booklet includes many clear graphics and drawings to explain this disposal method.

DWBLPE335DL/Booklet: 16pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00
 
Innovative use of Clean Water State Revolving Funds for Nonpoint Source Pollution
U.S. Enviromental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Nonpoint source pollution is widely viewed as one of the most serious threats to our nation's water quality. Many states are successfully using the U.S. EPA's Clean Water State Revolving Fund loan program to fund important nonpoint source pollution remediation projects. This fact sheet describes lending methods and offers three case studies of successful state loan programs.

DWFSPE234DL/Fact Sheet: 8 pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00


 
Inspecting Your Household Septic System
The University of Arizona, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cooperative Extension

One in a series, this brief fact sheet emphasizes the need for the proper inspection and maintenance of an onsite septic system. It gives a rationale of the importance of maintaining the system, and delineates the steps included in a thorough system inspeciton. There is also space and instructions for the system owner to sketch the location of the system including the house, septic tank, soil treatment, and well.

WWFSPE80DL/Fact Sheet: 3pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00
 
Inspection of Water Storage Facilities
State of Missouri, Department of Natural Resources

The quality of water storage facility inspections varies widely because there is no certification for inspectors, and qualifications are not predetermined through mandated standards. This bulletin offers guidance to water system managers to ensure that their storage facilities are being properly inspected and to determine some uniformity in reports submitted to officials by inspecting firms.

DWFSOM65DL/Fact Sheet: 8 pp. (2004)

Price: $0.00


 
Inspections Equal Preventative Care for Onsite Systems
National Environmental Services Center

The Spring 1998 Pipeline focuses on the advantages of having regular onsite wastewater system inspections. It explains what occurs during an inspection, when and how often systems should be inspected, and how to locate a qualified inspector. The newsletter lists questions homeowners may be asked about their systems and discusses the homeowner's role in the process. A Delaware inspector shares his experiences and offers advice to homeowners.

SFPLNL13DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 
Instructions to Assist Community Water Systems in Complying with the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Communities are required to ensure that their drinking water facilities have conducted vulnerability assessments (VAs), certify to EPA that they were conducted, and submit a copy of the VA to the EPA. This booklet provides help to system managers in completing these requirements.

DWBLMG52DL/Booklet: 23 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Integrated Risk Assessment for Individual Onsite Wastewater Systems
National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project

The book illustrates a risk-based approach to decision-making for individual wastewater treatment (OWT) systems. This framework integrates four different interdependent types of risk analyses: engineering, public health, ecological, and socioeconomic. Researcher used the three stages of risk assessment to structure the framework: problem formation and a planning process; and analysis of site-specific exposure and effects; and risk characterization.

WWBKMG39DL/Book: 221 pp. (2004)

Price: $0.00
 
Integrated Water Resources Management for River Basin Organizations - Training Manual
Paul Taylor, Director, Cap-Net, by Paul Taylor, Rikard Lidčn, Wangai Ndirangu, and Lee Jin

This training material is intended to improve efficiency and effectiveness in the application of integrated water resources management (IWRM) for sustainable management and development of water resources. The training is particularly targeted at the staff of river basin organizations (RBOs). The training manual provides 10 modules that include instruction about pollution management, stakeholder participation, and basin planning for water resources.

DWBKMG195DL/Booklet: 93pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00


 
Integrated Water Resources Management in Action
Jointly prepared by DHI Water Policy and UNEP-DHI Centre for Water and Environment, Jan Hassing, Niels Ipsen, Torkil Jonch Clausen, Henrik Larsen and Palle Lindgaard-Jorgensen

This paper explores some of the practical aspects of the implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM). The following topics are covered:

1. The relevance of IWRM for a number of key development issues,

2. The key characteristics of the concept,

3. The global status of IWRM,

4. Practical implementation—the challenges,

5. Practical implementation—case studies showing successful applications to problematic management scenarios, and

6. How IWRM programs are being linked with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and adaptation to climate change by the set

DWBLMG183DL/Booklet: 20pp. (2009)

Price: $0.00
 
Integrated Water Resources Management on a River Basin Level - Training Manual
Jean Burton

Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) helps us better manage how water is used in a more sustainable, integrated way and increases public participation in the process. This manual is designed to assist decision makers in applying new approaches to river basin management. It includes two parts—The Management Framework and The Training Seminar. The first part provides a more conceptual explanation and presents a review of several definitions and some of the most pressing issues related to integrated basin-wide management. The second part, aimed at training, explains the steps of the management framework.

DWBKMG196DL/Booklet: 241pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Integrated Water Resources Management Plans - Training Manual and Operational Guide
CIDA, in the framework of the PAWD program, Partnership for African Waters Development, With the support of the Canadian International Development Agency

This is training material intended for a 3-4 day course on how to achieve a water resources management plan that brings in the principles of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM). The manual includes eight chapters that discuss the IWRM approach, including how to develop a workplan, establish a strategic vision, and analyze a situation.

DWBKMG188DL/Book: 97pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00
 
Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

The Interim Enhanced Surface Treatment Rule applies to public water systems that use surface water or groundwater under the direct influence of surface water and that serve at least 10,000 people. This fact sheet explains the rule, why it is necessary, what it requires from water systems, deadlines, costs and benefits, and describes a series EPA manuals to help with implementing the rule.

DWFSRG109DL/Fact Sheet: 5 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00


 
Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule: Frequently Asked Questions
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This document discusses issues surrounding the need for and implementation of the IESWTR. Sections cover Cryptosporidium, disinfection profiling and benchmarking, turbidity standards, individual filter provisions, alternative filtration technologies, general program requirements, primacy, violations, and operator qualifications.

DWBLRG89DL/Booklet: 15 pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00
 
Intermittent Sand Filters: A General Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet provides an overview of intermittent sand filters and how they are used in onsite wastewater treatment.

WWFSGN104DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Intermittent Sand Filters: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet is intended to help people who are weighing treatment options by giving a technical overview of intermittent sand filters (ISFs) and how they are used in wastewater treatment. The fact sheet describes how ISFs work, the basic components of the system, and some common types (gravity discharge, pumped discharge, and bottomless ISFs). A typical cross section of an ISF is illustrated, and case studies are provided, in addition to information on design, performance, advantages and disadvantages, operation and maintenance requirements, and cost.

WWFSOM26DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 
Interpreting Drinking Water Quality Analysis: What Do the Numbers Mean? 6th Edition
Rutgers Cook College, Rutgers Cooperative Extension

Drinking water test results may be difficult to understand. This booklet clarifies test results by defining terms and standards used. It also describes what tests are needed, where to have water tested, and how to treat the water when problems arise.

DWBLPE112DL/Booklet: 74 pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00

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