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Moving Our Inventory to Better Serve You

Because moving our inventory online is a work in progress, you may not find everything you want or need today. You may see a message that says, No products are currently available in this category. But don't worry! You can still use our current list and order as usual while our shelves are being filled. To order from the catalog, Download the 2010 NESC Products Catalog pdf file (932 KB in size). Eventually all of our products will be available to you through the Free Shopping Cart. We welcome your comments about this service.



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Report to Congress: Impacts and Control of CSOs and SSOs
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This download contains a copy of EPA's recent and comprehensive Report to Congress on combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs). It details regulatory efforts to control CSOs and SSOs and to collect necessary data at the local, state, regional, and federal levels; describes the pollutants present in their discharges; explains environmental and human health impacts; reviews financial needs, and explores plans for future regulations.

WWBKGN271DL/Book: 213 pp. (2004)

Price: $0.00
 
Report to Congress: Small System Arsenic Implementation Issues
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

The Arsenic Rule is one of the first rules under the 1996 Safe Drinking Water Act to significantly impact a substantial number of small systems, but measures taken to comply with the rule are expected to be broadly applicable in future rule contexts. This document addresses EPA’s national-level affordability criteria and implementation issues faced by small systems.

DWBLRG90DL/Booklet: 20 pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00


 
Research Plan for Arsenic in Drinking Water
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development

Better understanding of arsenic health risks provides an improved science base for risk assessment and regulatory decisions in the U.S. This plan describes the research contributing to the development of an arsenic drinking water regulation. Areas covered include short- and long-term studies and assessment processes to:

• improve understanding of adverse effects of arsenic,

• measure exposure of U.S. populations to arsenic,

• develop biomarkers of effects and exposure,

• improve methods for assessing and characterizing risks from arsenic exposure, and

• refine treatment technologies for the removal of arsenic from water supplies.

DWBKRG80DL/Book: 63 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 
Residential Runoff—Slow it Down, Keep it Clean
National Environmental Services Center

According to the National Water Quality Inventory, urban and suburban runoff (water flowing away from homes and buildings that passes over pavement and other solid surfaces) is the leading source of all water degradation. This Pipeline shows you how to minimize the runoff from your home through appropriate landscaping, rain gardens, septic tank maintenance, and reduction in chemicals.

SFPLNL52DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00


 
Resource Guide to Effective Utility Management and Lean - Improving Performance and Addressing Key Management Priorities at Water-Sector Utilities
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Water and wastewater utilities are critical to the environmental, economic, and social well being of our nation’s communities, as they work to ensure that the public continues to enjoy the benefits of clean and safe water. This book describes the challenges that these utilities are facing, including:

• Aging infrastructure that needs more intensive repair and replacement

• Continuing regulatory challenges, including the need to often balance priorities among multiple compliance endpoints

• Workforce challenges, including an aging workforce and difficulties in recruiting and retaining qualified staff

• Uncertainty about future federal funding

• Competing local priorities and the dwindling resource base in many communities.

DWFSMG181DL/Booklet: 106pp. (2012)

Price: $0.00
Resource Guide to Effective Utility Management and Lean: Improving Performance and Addressing Key Management Priorities at Water-Sector Utilities
Resource Guide to Effective Utility Management and Lean: Improving Performance and Addressing Key Management Priorities at Water-Sector Utilities
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Based on needs expressed by utility managers, this guide provides a framework of outcomes that utilities can pursue to improve operations. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency developed this framework after seeking recommendations from utility managers and water-sector associations, which resulted in a series of “attributes of effectively managed utilities and keys to management success.

DWBKMG242DL/Book: 106 pp. (2012)

Price: $0.00


 
Resources for Resilience
Multiple Documents, Multiple Authors

Resilience, simply put, is the ability a community has to respond to any situation that may arise. Because water and wastewater services are essential to all communities, destruction or prolonged disruption of these systems could devastate public health and safety, economic stability, and the operation of critical infrastructure sectors that depend on water. This download contains numerous resources that can help communities to become more resilient.

DWCDGN83DL/Package: 0 pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00
 
Response Protocol Toolbox: Planning for and Responding to Drinking Water Contamination Threats and Incidents, Module 1; Water Utilities Planning Guide
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, Water Security Division

This module of the response protocol toolbox provides a brief discussion of the nature of the contamination threat to the public water supply and describes planning activities to prepare for contamination threats and incidents.

DWBLMG65DL/Booklet: 46 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Response Protocol Toolbox: Planning for and Responding to Drinking Water Contamination Threats and Incidents, Module 2; Contamination Threat Management Guide
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, Water Security Division

Module two of the Response Protocol Toolbox presents a framework for management of contamination threats to the drinking water supply using two interrelated activities: evaluating the threat and making decisions regarding appropriate actions to take in response to the threat.

DWBLMG66DL/Book: 96 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00
 
Response Protocol Toolbox: Planning for and Responding to Drinking Water Contamination Threats and Incidents, Module 3; Site Characterization and Sampling Guide
U.S. Environmental Proection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, Water Security Division

Module three of the response protocol toolbox describes the site characterization process whereby information is gathered from the site of a suspected contamination incident at a drinking water system. Activities outlined include the site investigation, field safety screening, rapid field testing of the water, and sample collection.

DWBLMG67DL/Book: 85 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Response Protocol Toolbox: Planning for and Responding to Drinking Water Contamination Threats and Incidents, Module 4; Analytical Guide
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, Water Security Division

Module four of the response protocol toolbox describes a flexible framework for developing an approach for the analysis of water samples that may contain an unknown contaminant. This framework can be crafted to specific situations and is designed to promote the effective and defensible performance of laboratory analysis.

DWBLMG68DL/Book: 113 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00
 
Response Protocol Toolbox: Planning for and Responding to Drinking Water Contamination Threats and Incidents, Module 5; Public Health Response Guide
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, Water Security Division

Module five of the response protocol toolbox examines the role of the water utility during a public health response action, as well as the interactions between the utility, the primacy agency, the public health community, and others with a public health mission.

DWBLMG69DL/Book: 85 pp. (2004)

Price: $0.00


 
Response Protocol Toolbox: Planning for and Responding to Drinking Water Contamination Threats and Incidents, Module 6; Remediation and Recovery Guide
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, Water Security Division

Remediation involves a sequence of activities, including system characteriization, selection of remedy options, provision of an alternate drinking water supply during remediation activities, and monitoring to show that the system has been remediated. Module six of the response protocol toolbox describes the types of organizations that would likely be involved in this stage of a response and the utility's role during remediation and recovery.

DWBLMG70DL/Book: 113 pp. (2004)

Price: $0.00
 
Response Protocol Toolbox: Planning for and Responding to Drinking Water Contamination Threats and Incidents, Response Guidelines
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, Water Security Division

This document provides guidelines for responding to contamination threats and crisis conditions. Sections include threat evaluation tasks, site characterization and sampling, sample analysis, resonse actions, and appendices with checklists and information resources.

DWBLMG71DL/Book: 75 pp. (2004)

Price: $0.00


 
Restructuring and Conslidation of Small Drinking Water Systems: A Compendium of State Authorities, Statutes, and Regulations
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Drinking water systems, especially those small systems that serve 3,300 or fewer customers, face a wide array of challenges in providing safe, reliable, and affordable drinking water to their customers. These challenges include: new regulatory standards, equipment upgrades, and source water quality. Changes to the operational, managerial, or institutional structure of a water system, commonly referred to as restructuring, can be options to address these challenges. This booklet provides an overview of each states restructuring and consolidation efforts. The state agencies directly involved with this process are listed.

DWBKMG105DL/Book: 61 pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00
 
Retrofitting POTWs
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Center for Environmental Research Information

This manual describes ways to improve the performance of an existing, non-compliant wastewater treatment facility. The manual outlines a method for evaluating performance and systematically improving it to achieve proper discharge levels. Different facility modifications are discussed for preliminary/primary treatment, fixed-film treatment, suspended-growth treatment, wastewater stabilization ponds, and sludge treatment and disposal.

WWBKDM46DL/Book: 308pp. (1989)

Price: $0.00


 
Reverse Osmosis for Home Treatment of Drinking Water
Michigan State University, Cooperative Extension Service

Reverse osmosis (RO) can effectively treat various contaminants from all major classes of drinking water pollutants, such as organic chemicals, inorganics, bacteria, and particulates. This fact sheet describes the treatment process; the components of a home RO treatment system; and operation, maintenance, and cost factors.

DWFSPE143DL/Fact Sheet: 4pp. (1990)

Price: $0.00
 
Reverse Osmosis Treatment of Drinking Water Supplies
University of Rhode Island, Cooperative Extension

Although reverse osmosis water treatment systems vary by manufacturer, this illustrated fact sheet explains the general operation and maintenance of these household water treatment units.

DWFSPE304DL/Fact Sheet: 4pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Revised Public Notification Handbook
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

In 2000, EPA revised its public notification regulations under the Safe Drinking Water Act. This guide explains these changes and provides specific examples of updated public notices. The handbook is intended to increase the effectiveness of public notices and includes suggestions and instructions for public water systems of all sizes. Specific requirements for noncommunity water systems are also addressed.

DWBKRG105DL/Book: 180 pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00
 
Risk Communication in Action: The Risk Communcation Workbook
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory

Risk communication is defined as a science-based approach for communicating effectively in situation of high stress, high concern or controversy. Communicating information about environmental risks to the general public is a major challenge faced by risk managers and community decision makers. This workbook explains the elements of successful risk communication to public health officials, local environmental managers ad community decision makers. One section of this workbook explains communication tools and techniques and includes practice exercises.

DWCDMG133DL/Book: 75 pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00


 
Risk-Based Criteria to Support Validation of Detection Methods for Drinking Water and Air
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Homeland Security Research Center

Over 100 contaminants have been identified by the homeland security commission as possible threats to drinking water or air. This booklet details the standard EPA concentration limits and includes the oral and inhalation toxicity values. Benchmark and fate information for these contaminants are provided.

DWBKMG148DL/Book: 100pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00
 
Road to Financing: Assessing and Improving Your Community's Creditworthiness
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This booklet defines creditworthiness and discusses funding criteria and methods for evaluating and strengthening a community’s financial health. A list of organizations that provide information about financial issues and a table of comparative municipal financial indicators are included.

FMBLFN17DL/Booklet: 20pp. (1992)

Price: $0.00


 
Roadmapping for Advancing Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) Processes
Global Water Partnership Technical Committee, United Nations

The goods and services provided by water play a central role in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The importance of water management has been further highlighted by the recent reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and others that have warned that climate change will have extensive impacts on water resources. This fact sheet describes the Integrated Water Resource Management approach and how it facilitates mainstreaming water issues in the political economy of a country, and as such in all societal sectors. The approach focuses on better allocation of water to different water-user groups and in so doing stresses the importance of involving all stakeholders in the decision- making process. It also calls for gender mainstreaming in land and water management decision-making. And it supports the integration of water supply and use with the management of waste, sewage and groundwater protection, while recognizing that the protection and quality improvements of water are preconditions for sustaining both human livelihoods and natural ecosystems. This approach is also recognized as a framework for the adaptation of water management to climate change and the management of floods and droughts.

DWBLMG187DL/Booklet: 7pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00
 
Roadmaps for water management in West Africa. Case studies from The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau and Sierra Leone Development of IWRM Plans
UNEP-DHI Centre for Water and Environment (UDC), Global Water Partnership (GWP)

The Gambia, Guinea Bissau and Sierra Leone have successfully developed and validated their integrated water resources management (IWRM) roadmap. These case studies provide an opportunity to learn from their process. The intention is that these cases will assist others in understanding what went on, with a view to recognizing some of the most common problems experienced in IWRM planning and developing options for overcoming them. The case studies have been produced in a common format to allow for easy comparison, with the following themes considered:

• Problems of water resources management that need to be addressed,

• Context in which the problems and solutions need to take place,

• Decisions and actions taken to execute the roadmap process,

• Outcomes of the decisions and actions taken,

• Lessons learned that will be of value to others involved in similar situation, and

• Relevance of the case to IWRM, i.e. how the case exemplifies the problems and solutions associated with IWRM.

DWBLMG201DL/Booklet: 28pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00


Rural and Small Systems Guidebook to Sustainable Utility Management
Rural and Small Systems Guidebook to Sustainable Utility Management
U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Small and rural utilities often struggle with a host of issues, including aging infrastructure, staffing issues, and, of course, funding. This guidebook, developed jointly by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, is designed to introduce small and rural systems to various key topics related to effective utility management.

DWBLMG240DL/Booklet: 41pp. (2013)

Price: $0.00
 
Rural Community Assistance Program (RCAP) Help for Small Community Wastewater Projects
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This fact sheet describes RCAP, a national network of nonprofit organizations, and how they provide onsite technical assistance to help communities attain or maintain adequate wastewater treatment services. Through a partnership agreement with the EPA, RCAP assists with financing, managing, operating, and maintaining systems through the Small Community Wastewater Project. The project addresses community-specific wastewater compliance problems, particularly compliance with the Clean Water Act requirements. Also discussed is funding for small community wastewater projects and contact for more information is provided

WWFSFN32DL/Fact Sheet: 3pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00


 
RV Holding-Tank Treatments & Deodorizers in Septic Systems
University of Arizona,College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cooperative Extension

This fact sheet explains how a septic system works and how RV holding-tank treatments and deodorizers may harm them. It includes a chart listing active ingredients that should be avoided as deodorizers in RV holding tanks and the environmental and human health problems these ingredients would cause.

WWFSGN270DL/Fact Sheet: 3pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00
 
Safe Drinking Water Act Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program--Protecting Public Health and Drinking Water Resources
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Each year Americans generate large amounts of waste fluids. More than 750 billion gallons of hazardous and non-hazardous fluids are disposed safely through underground injection. The Underground Injection control (UIC) program is designed to protect underground sources of drinking water while providing a safe means of waste disposal. This poster shows the various classes of underground injection wells graphically and explains how these wells work to protect public health.

DWPSPE346DL/Poster: 2pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00


 
Safe Drinking Water Act: Glossary
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This fact sheet lists drinking water terms, such as pathogens, microbes, source water, and turbidity, and their definitions for consumers.

DWFSPE142DL/Fact Sheet: 3 pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00
 
Safe Drinking Water Act: Protecting America's Public Health
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Risks to drinking water come in many forms, such as municipal and industrial discharges, recreational activities or simply natural conditions and events. This full-color poster illustrates urban, rural, industrial, and suburban examples of potential pollution sources and provides a detailed graphic description of these risks and the barriers in place to help ensure the safety of drinking water.

DWPSPE125DL/Poster: 1 pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00


 
Safe Drinking Water Act: Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program-Protecting Public Health and Drinking Water Resources
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Your community may have industrial waste disposal wells, storm water drainage wells, or large-capacity septic systems, which are all regulated disposal methods. This full-color poster illustrates the fives classes of underground disposal wells for different wastes and notes other types of subsurface disposal that are banned.

DWPSPE132DL/Poster: 2 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00
 
Safe Drinking Water Is In Our Hands
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This booklet lists the primary drinking water contaminant standards that systems must comply with to satisfy Safe Drinking Water Act requirements. It lists the regulated contaminants, the maximum contaminant levels allowed, the maximum contaminant level goals, and potential health effects of each contaminant. It also lists secondary drinking water regulations for some contaminants.

DWBLRG47DL/Booklet: 15 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Safe Drinking Water Tools for Public Water Systems
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water

This is a comprehensive collection of previously published EPA documents, EPA-developed training materials and selected informational materials from outside sources. All documents may be accessed by browsing through eight major topics or by entering a particular key word. This is a handy source of the many products and tools already in print related to public water systems.

DWCDMG97DL/Package: pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00
 
Safe Drinking Water: Health/Safety Requirements and Resulting Costs
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This booklet addresses health and safety requirements placed on drinking water and resulting costs that are passed to consumers through monthly service rates. It discusses potential threats to public water supplies, how water is protected from contaminants, treatment techniques, and how utilities comply with the Safe Drinking Water Act.

DWBLRG30DL/Booklet: 10 pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00


Safe well water? Not a sure thing. Test to be sure.
Safe well water? Not a sure thing. Test to be sure.
University of Rhode Island, Cooperative Extension

This pamphlet encourages Rhode Island residents to test their private well water. It covers what to test for and how often, where to find Rhode Island certified labs, and what to do if a problem is detected. Some content is Rhode Island specific but some is applicable to all well owners.

DWBLPE455DL/Booklet: 8pp. (2013)

Price: $0.00
 
Safeguarding Wells and Springs from Bacterial Contamination
Penn State University, College of Agricultural Sciences Cooperative Extension

This booklet focuses on construction and maintenance of wells and springs, explaining recommended methods for keeping drinking water biologically safe.

DWBLPE155DL/Booklet: 12pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00


 
Sampling Guidance for Unknown Contaminants in Drinking Water
U.S. Environmental Protection Agnecy, Office of Water

This guide is designed to help you enhance the security of your water system. Specific sampling procedures for routine situations and in response to a triggered event are described in detail.

DWBKMG147DL/Book: 71pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00
Sampling Wastewater at a Wastewater Treatment Facility
Sampling Wastewater at a Wastewater Treatment Facility
US Environmental Protection Agency

This video demonstrates sampling procedures and sampling preparation tips at a wastewater treatment plant. It provides techniques to take wastewater samples throughout a treatment facility. The video shows how to evaluate a facility's National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System self-monitoring program to ensure the plant is operating within its compliance permit. A step-by-step approach is outlined.

WWDVOM55DL/Video: 0 pp. (1993)

*** For video downloading and viewing instructions, please use this link

Price: $0.00


Sand Filter Technology
Sand Filter Technology
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

This video depicts advantages of sand filter technology compared to other means of onsite, cluster, and community-sized wastewater treatment applications. Three types of sand filters are explained: buried, open, and recirculating. The video discusses design, operation and maintenance, planning, and cost for using sand filters. It also shows two types of small-diameter effluent sewers: minimum grade and variable grade.

WWDVPE96DL/Video: 0 pp. (1986)

*** For video downloading and viewing instructions, please use this link

Price: $0.00
 
Sand Filters Provide Quality, Low-Maintenance Treatment
National Environmental Services Center

The Summer 1997 Pipeline features information about sand filters. These onsite wastewater treatment systems are often used to provide high-quality treatment for environmentally sensitive areas or additional treatment where septic tank/soil absorption systems have failed. This newsletter describes open, buried, and recirculating sand filters; how they work; and how to operate and maintain them.

SFPLNL10DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (1997)

Price: $0.00


 
Sanitary Sewer Overflows: What are they, and how do we reduce them?
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Wastewater Management

This booklet explains how sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs) can be reduced or eliminated. It answers such questions as why SSOs are a problem, what health risks overflows present, and how they can be reduced. The booklet provides several examples of how towns across the U.S. resolved their SSO problems. A list of resources is included for more information.

WWBLPE31DL/Fact Sheet: 9pp. (1996)

Price: $0.00
 
Sanitary Survey Fundamentals Prep Course
Montana Water Center

This fun, interactive training course is targeted toward field staff responsible for inspecting and evaluating small water systems for sanitary risks and compliance with the Safe Drinking Water Act. Sections of the product cover organizing the sanitary survey, regulations, water sources, water supply pumps and pumping, storage facilities, treatment processes, distribution systems, cross-connections, monitoring and lab testing, and utility management.

DWCDTR19DL/Zip File Download 238MB (2003)

Note that this file is large and we recommend downloading with broadband internet service. Also note that this product may not save your work if you have Windows 7 as your operating system. Using Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Mac OS X will allow you to document progress.

Price: $0.00


 
Save Water with the Conservation Kids
National Association of Conservation Districts

This coloring book teaches children about water conservation using activities and games.

DWBLPE220DL/Booklet: 6 pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00
 
Saving Water & Energy in small water systems
Montana Water Center

This product is comprised of 45 minute presentations on: 1) Customer water conservation programs; 2) Water accounting; 3) energy management; and 4) application of alternative energy sources at small systems. Each presentation covers the basics attributes of the topic, steps a system can take, how to measure success, pertinent laws and regulations, case histories and further resources.

DWCDTR29DL/Zip File Download 557MB (2010)

Note that this file is large and we recommend downloading with broadband internet service.

Price: $0.00


 
Science Demonstration Projects in Drinking Water (Grades K-12)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This booklet provides drinking water-related science projects that include the chemical and physical aspects of water; the contamination, treatment, and distribution of drinking water; and water conservation.

DWBLPE02DL/Booklet: 17 pp. (1990)

Price: $0.00
 
Section 319 Nonpoint Source National Monitoring Program: Successes and Recommendations
NC State University, Cooperative Extension

This booklet outlines work by the Nonpoint Source National Monitoring Program (NMP). It highlights successful projects and lessons and provides recommendations to help enhance future watershed projects and state nonpoint source water quality programs.

WWBLGN284DL/Booklet: 33pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00


 
Section 319 Nonpoint Source National Monitoring Program: Successes and Recommendations
North Carolina State Univeristy, Water Quality Grou[

The Section 319 Nonpoint Source National Monitoring Program (NMP) has been gathering information that can be of use to watershed professionals, the agricultural community, policy makers and staff, and citizens. This report discusses 19 states and 23 projects who share some of the successes and lessons learned from the NMP. Recommendations are made to help enhance future watershed projects and state nonpoint source water quality programs.

WWBLPE103DL/Booklet: 36 pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00
 
Security Information Collaboratives: A Guide for Water Utilities
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development

This guide provides step-by-step suggestions for establishing information sharing strategies about water security. Case studies of three types of collaboratives are included to show how utilities can coordinate with various key partners.

DWBLMG75DL/Booklet: 40 pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00


 
Selecting an Onsite Wastewater or Septic System
Kansas State University, Agricultrual Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service

This fact sheet explains how to select an onsite wastewater or septic system based on soils, the site, use, and other factors. System maintenance, regardless of the system installed is emphasized. It provides a selection of tips for owners and lists and diagrams of the different types of systems, including the traditional ones. Lagoons, alternative systems, sand filters, mounds, aeration, and constructed wetlands are also discussed with diagrams. Soil absorption system options, such as absorption beds, low-pressure pipe distribution, and drip irrigation are included. There is information about cluster systems, with a closing word about system performance and life.

WWFSPE68DL/Fact Sheet: 8pp. (2010)

Price: $0.00
 
Self-Assessment for Small Privately Owned Water Systems
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Drinking Water

Intended to help water system managers and local officials identify financial and managerial problems, this guide includes a series of questionnaires that can help assess a system's financial condition.

DWBLMG01DL/Booklet: 34 pp. (1989)

Price: $0.00


 
Seminar Publication: Control of Lead and Copper in Drinking Water
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development

This book discusses regulatory and monitoring issues for lead and copper. It also explores tests that can be conducted to assess corrosion control and presents recommendations to utilities for performing corrosion control studies.

DWBKRE11DL/Book: 115pp. (1993)

Price: $0.00
 
Septage Management: A General Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet provides an overview of septage management and helps familiarize people with the various options available.

WWFSGN109DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Septage Management: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet gives a technical overview of septage management and is intended to help people select the most appropriate septage management option for their particular situation. The fact sheet defines septage and discusses the three basic alternatives for septage treatment and disposal, which include land application, treatment at wastewater treatment plants, and treatment at independent septage treatment plants. Specific options for each of these alternatives are described in detail. Methods of stabilizing septage are also detailed. A table is included that lists the characteristics of septage and their minimum and maximum concentrations. Another table lists the sources of septage, characteristics, and removal pump-out rates.

WWFSOM31DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 
Septic System Maintenance
The Ohio State University, Extension

Septic systems are simple to operate, and when properly designed, constructed, and maintained, they do an excellent job of removing pollutants from wastewater. Property owners can do a few important things to keep their system operating for 20 to 30 years. This brief fact sheet discusses the primary components of proper septic system maintenance, including water conservation, careful landscaping, pumping the septic tank, system upgrading, and professional management. Line drawings illustrate a cross section of a septic tank and the septic system, including the soil absorption system. A data table presents an estimate of septic tank pumping frequencies in years for year-round residence, depending on the size of the septic tank. Homeowners will find this information easily assessible, and those wastewater professionals who work with homeowners may want to use it as an educational tool.

WWFSPE73DL/Fact Sheet: 3pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00


Septic Systems 1-2-3
Septic Systems 1-2-3
The Michiana Council of Governments

This video is a good tool for educating homeowners and others who need to understand the basic components, purpose, function, and maintenance of the conventional sesptic system. This digital video reminds us that there are only three simple rules for the proper care and maintenance of your septic system:

1. Be careful how much you put down the system at one time.

2. Be careful about what you put into the septic system.

3. Schedule regular pumpinf of the septic tank.

In simple and easy-to-understand language, several wastewater professionals, including a plumber, a pumper, an excavator, excavator, and an inspector, explain what a septic system is, what its components are, and what it does. Special emphasis is placed on owner responsiblility and the regular maintenance of the septic system to prevent problems and to protect the homeowner's investment as well as the environment and the publi health. Tips are offered on what goes into te system with other do's and don'ts. This digital video will be useful to the local officials, general public, public health officials, and contractors/developers.

WWDVPE91DL/12 Minute Video: 0 pp. (0)

*** For video downloading and viewing instructions, please use this link

Price: $0.00
 
Septic Systems and Source Water Protection
National Environmental Services Center

If you own an onsite wastewater system, such as a septic system, you plan an important role in protecting your community’s water quality. Unfortunately, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reports that one of the biggest causes of water pollution is onsite wastewater systems that aren’t working correctly. This Pipeline provides information about how you can maintain your system and help assure good, clean water for your community.

SFPLNL49DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (2008)

Price: $0.00


 
Septic Systems, Soils, and Groundwater Protection
Cornell Cooperative Extension, Dennis P Swaney and John H Martin Jr

This booklet discusses basic background information about septic systems and their environmental effects. The characteristics of raw sewage and septic tank effluent are discussed in detail along with potential public or environmental health concerns.

WWBLGN261DL/Booklet: 15 pp. (1993)

Price: $0.00
 
Septic Systems: Finding and repairing failed septic systems
Little Beaver Creek Land Foundation

This fact sheet explains to homeowners the troublesome effects caused by malfunctioning septic systems.

WWFSPE132DL/Fact Sheet: 2pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00


 
Septic Systems: How Can Contamination of Water Resources by Septic Tanks be Avoided?
Northwestern Indiana Regional Planning Commission

When housing developments are constructed far from existing sewer lines, septic systems are used for sewage treatment. While a properly operating and maintained septic systems provides adequate wastewater treatment, there are a few rules that must be followed or these systems can contaminate the environment. This fact sheet provides homeowners with some important septic system facts. A simple list of septic system do's and don'ts is included.

WWFSPE128DL/Fact Sheet: 4pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00
 
Septic Systems—A Practical Alternative for Small Communities
National Environmental Services Center

This issue is an update of the Spring 1995 issue of Pipeline and presents basic information on septic tank systems, how they work, and where homeowners and community leaders can find further information and assistance. Discussions on landscaping septic systems, siphons, and alternating and interlacing drainfields are included, as well as advantages and disadvantages of septic systems. Drawings of a typical residential septic system, pump system, and siphon are given.

SFPLNL38DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00


 
Septic Tank Enhancements
National Environmental Services Center

This issue of Pipeline investigates some of the options available to enhance the efficiency of your septic tank or to make maintenance more convenient.

SFPLNL35DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00
 
Septic Tank Nutrient Removal Project: Advanced Onsite Sewage Disposal System Demonstraiton
Ventura Regional Sanitation District

In the fall of 2000, the Ventura Regional Sanitation District in Ventura County, California, began a field test evaluating six advanced onsite systems from four manufacturers. The Septic Tank Nutrient Removal Project evaluated the systems for wastewater treatment potential and gauged the degree of nutrient removal from typical household wastewater achieved by these units. Results showed that the systems provided treatment far beyond that of a standard septic system. This book describes the systems used, the test facility, wastewater dosing, methodology, investigative materials and methods, and sampling quality assurance and control. Results are extensively documented in eight appendices, along with figures, tables, and photographs

WWBKRE39DL/Book: 93 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00


 
Septic Tank Nutrient Removal Project: Advanced Onsite Sewage Disposal System Demonstration
Ventura Regional Sanitation District

This document describes the field test use of six-advanced Onsite Sanitary Systems (OSS). These tests measured the potential water treatment and degree of nutrient removal from a common household, and show their final outcome with extensive detail. Wastewater professionals who work with onsite systems will find this information useful.

WWBKRE43DL/Book: 86pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00
 
Septic Tank Siting to Minimize the Contamination of Ground Water by Microorganisms
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

The EPA produced this report to develop a rating system to use in septic tank siting to decrease possibilities of groundwater microbial contamination. The report focuses on bacteria and viruses, which are responsible for the majority of illnesses associated with groundwater borne disease outbreaks.

WWBKGN39DL/Book: 99 pp. (1987)

Price: $0.00


 
Septic Tanks and Mosquitoes
Marin/Sonoma Mosquito & Vector Control District

This brochure explains what you can do to ensure that your septic tank does not become a breading ground for mosquitoes. It shows how it only takes a few small steps to ensure a safe septic tank.

WWBRPE144DL/Brochure: 2pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00
 
Setting Small Drinking Water System Rates for a Sustainable Future: One of the Simple Tools for Effective Performance (STEP) Guide Series
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Americans are used to paying very little for the water they drink. But unless communities move toward full-cost pricing for water treatment, there will be no money to maintain the current level of service for future generations. This free guide from EPA is designed to help water system owners and managers understand the full cost of providing adequate and safe drinking water and how to set rates that reflect those costs. To determine an appropriate rate structure, the guide offers step-by-step instructions, worksheets, and sample budgets to help systems account for current costs and expenses, identify rate structure options, and determine the amount of water their customers use. The guidance helps systems maintain the financial stability by ensuring sufficient revenue by collecting and reserving funds needed for future maintenance, repairs, security upgrades, and regulations, and planning ahead for reasonable and gradual rate increases when needed. A list of resources and state contacts is included.

DWBKFN19DL/Book: 62 pp. (2006)

Price: $0.00


 
Sewage Sludge Incineration
New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission

This brochure discusses incineration, a disposal option that involves heating sewage sludge to high temperatures in an enclosed structure. This brochure describes two commonly used incineration systems: multiple hearth furnaces and fluidized-bed reactors. Contacts for the New England states are provided.

WWBRGN115DL/Brochure: 2pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00
 
Sewer System Infrastructure Analysis and Rehabilitation
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development

This book gives guidelines for evaluating and rehabilitating existing sewers. It presents information about typical problems, procedures, and methods for rehabilitation; case study information; budgetary costs; advantages and disadvantages of rehabilitation techniques and application of these techniques; and materials used in rehabilitation.

WWBKDM67DL/Book: 105pp. (1991)

Price: $0.00


 
Should I buy a Home Water Treament System?Program
University of Minnesota, Minnesota Extension Service

This fact sheet discusses improving household water quality and the choices of home water treatment systems that may be the appropriate solution to a water quality problem.

DWFSPE279DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00
 
Simultaneous Compliance Guidance Manual for the Long Term 2 and Stage 2 DBP Rules
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

The EPA recognizes that systems could have compliance issues with the Stage 2 DBPR when attempting to comply with the LT2ESWTR and vice versa. The manual helps water systems identify and mitigate potential simultaneous compliance issues.

DWCDRG123DL/Book: 462 pp. (2007)

Price: $0.00


 
Single Pass Sand Filters For On-Site Treatment of Domestic Wastes
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Biological Systems Engineering College of Agricultural and Life Sciences

This booklet discusses single-pass sand filter principles, design, construction, and maintenance. It examines the role of septic tanks in sand filter systems, sources of wastewater, performance curves for turbine-type pumps, and more. Illustrations depict different configurations of single-pass sand filters and tables list recommended sand media and design loading rates.

WWBLDM88DL/Booklet: 20 pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00
Sinkholes
Sinkholes
State of Pennsylvania, Department of Environmental Protection

This factsheet, developed by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, details sinkholes, including what causes them and how them impact groundwater.

DWFSPE450DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (2014)

Price: $0.00


Sinkholes in Pennsylvania
Sinkholes in Pennsylvania
William E. Kochanov, Pennsylvania Geological Survey

This booklet goes over sinkholes in Pennsylvania in detail. It provides suggestions for land development and planning, as well as steps for remediation of these phenomena.

DWBLPE448DL/Booklet: 36 pp. (2015)

Price: $0.00
 
Site Evaluation for Onsite Treatment and Disposal Systems
Rural Systems Engineering

This semi-technical design manual discusses site evaluations. Critical site and soil characteristics, the use of soil surveys, and necessary equipment are discussed. The manual also explains factors affecting the percolation test.

WWBLDM12DL/Booklet: 16 pp. (1983)

Price: $0.00


 
Site Evaluations
National Environmental Services Center

The Spring 2000 Pipeline explains the importance of a site evaluation prior to installing an onsite wastewater system. The newsletter discusses planning for an onsite system and how testing determines which type of system is appropriate for a particular site. Topics include the preliminary site evaluation, soil properties and surveys, field testing, landscape contour and subsurface drainage, and water movement. The newsletter offers suggested site evaluation procedures and tips.

SFPLNL21DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00
 
Sludge or Biosolids
New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission, New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission

This brochure discusses biosolids (or sludges) that meet EPA standards for beneficial use. Topics include the EPA sewage sludge use and disposal regulation, 40 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 503; typical treatment and disposal options for sewage sludge; and beneficial uses for biosolids.

WWBRGN116DL/Brochure: 2pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00


Small Community Wastewater Treatment: Management and Myths
Small Community Wastewater Treatment: Management and Myths
Ayers & Associates

This video illustrates that onsite wastewater treatment systems are a viable option for small communities. It highlights a lakefront community in Washington County, Minnesota, that had cesspools under water. They opted for onsite systems over a centralized system with a third party (public utility) providing and overseeing the management of all systems. Another case study in the Florida Keys is briefly detailed in this video. Both case studies are successful examples of how onsite systems—when properly designed, installed, and maintained—provide high quality wastewater treatment at a substantial cost savings over centralized treatment.

WWDVPE101DL/Video: 0 pp. (0)

*** For video downloading and viewing instructions, please use this link

Price: $0.00
 
Small Community Water System Handbook on Developing and Setting Water Rates
Midwest Assistance Program , Inc.

In order to provide customers with an uninterrupted supply of safe water, the community water system must produce enough revenue to operate the system. This handbook, produced by the Midwest Assistance Program, provides a small community water system with step-by-step procedures for developing and setting appropriate water rates.

DWBLMG77DL/Booklet: 31 pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00


 
Small Drinking Water Systems Handbook: A Guide to "Packaged" Filtration and Disinfection Technologies with Remote Monitoring and Control Tools
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development

Federal and state regulations are designed to manage, protect and enhance the quality of drinking water provided to all consumers. But these regulatory requirements often post a serious challenge to the small system operators who don‘t have the resources to meet these requirements. This handbook highlights information appropriate to small systems with an emphasis on filtration and disinfection technologies used with remote monitoring and control technologies to provide healthy and affordable solutions.

DWBKOM107DL/Book: 73 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00
 
Small System Compliance Technology List for the Surface Water Treatment Rule
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Small water systems must comply with the Surface Water Treatment Rule (SWTR). This booklet lists and outlines technologies that can be used for SWTR compliance.

DWBLRG48DL/Booklet: 50 pp. (1997)

Price: $0.00


 
Small System Regulatory Requirements Under the Safe Drinking Water Act as Amended 1996
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This booklet contains 14 fact sheets that explain amended SDWA requirements like the Surface Water Treatment Rule, consumer confidence reports, and the Lead and Copper Rule. It also offers hypothetical case studies for small systems to estimate the cost of implementing SDWA rules.

DWBLRG63DL/Booklet: 46 pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00
 
Small Systems Guide to Safe Drinking Water Act Regulations: The First STEP to Providing Safe and Reliable Drinking Water--One of the Simple Tools for Effective Performance [STEP] Guide Series
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water

One of the Simple Tools for Effective Performance (STEP) guide series by EPA, this free booklet is designed to help small system owners and operators understand and comply with existing and future drinking water regulations. The publication presents an overview of microbial, chemical, and radiological contaminants in drinking water and explains how a multiple barrier approach and regulations protect the public and the environment from these risks. It also describes the importance of complying with regulations, which regulations apply to which systems, and what operators need to know to comply. The key points of current and upcoming/proposed drinking water rules are summarized, and the booklet lists additional resources for more information.

DWBLRG110DL/Booklet: 35 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Small Utility Board Training
Montana Water Center

This product is specifically designed to educate new members of a small utility board. Containing over three hours of total training time, videos of typical board meetings, emergency situations and water system procedures are included. Printable manuals are provided. The basic principles of public water system regulation such as operation, planning, budgeting and communication are covered.

DWCDTR23DL/Zip File Download 507MB (2007)

Note that this file is large and we recommend downloading with broadband internet service. Also note that this product may not save your work if you have Windows 7 as your operating system. Using Windows 2000, Windows XP, or Mac OS X will allow you to document progress.

Price: $0.00
 
Smart About Water Toolkit
National Environmental Services Center, Various Source Documents

Funded by a $3 million grant from the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency, SMART About Water was orchestrated by West Virginia University's National Environmental Services Center (NESC) in partnership with the Rural Community Assistance Partnership (RCAP).The project provided training and technical assistance about source water and wellhead protection to small and rural communities and focuses on untreated wastewater from failing septic and sewer systems, the largest contributor to water quality degradation. This package is a collection of educational materials that address these issues.

DWCDMG126DL/Package (2008)

Price: $0.00


 
So . . . Now You Own a Septic System
National Environmental Services Center

First in a series of three brochures, this introduces the conventional septic tank soil absorption system. The brochure describes how a septic system works and how to keep it functioning properly. Schematic diagrams are provided.

WWBRPE20DL/Brochure: 2pp. (1995)

Price: $0.00
 
So . . . Now You Own A Septic System (Spanish Version)
National Environmental Services Center

First in a series of three brochures, this introduces the conventional septic tank soil absorption system. The brochure describes how a septic system works and how to keep it functioning properly. Schematic diagrams are provided.

WWBRPE58DL/Brochure: 2 pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00


 
Sodium Chloride in Private Drinking Water Wells
University of Rhode Island, Cooperative Extension

Sodium and chloride occur naturally in groundwater. Sources such as road salt, sewage, fertilizers, even water softeners, can cause elevated levels in drinking water supplies. This pamphlet presents testing information and corrective actions recommended.

DWFSPE307DL/Fact Sheet: 4pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00
 
Soft Path Integrated Water Resource Management: Training, Research and Development Needs
National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project

Water resource management in the U.S. has been dominated in recent decades by "hard path" centralized infrastructure solutions that has led to unintentional consequences and environmental damage such as depleted aquifers dried-up streambeds, and salt-water intrusion in coastal zones. This document focuses on the soft path approach on managing and protecting wastewater resources near the point of use. This report stems from a February 2002 workshop and contains information on implications for training, research, and development needs and priorities to advance the practice and use of integrated water resource management and soft path approaches.

WWBLMG25DL Booklet: 33 pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00


 
Soft Path Integrated Water Resource Management: Update on: Training, Res. & Dev. Activities of the NDWRCP, Opportunities for New Projects & Collaboration
National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project

In February 2002, the National Decentralized Water Resources Capacity Development Project co-sponsored a national workshop, "Distributed and Nonstructural Water and Wastewater Systems: Charting 'Soft Path' to Integrated Water Resource Management." Two reports based on the discussion and conclusion of the workshop have already been released; the first outlines recommendations for federal policies, and the second describes funding, training, research and development needs. This report summarizes the training and research and development activities funded by the NDWRCDP and related Naitonal Community Decentralized Wastewater Demonstration Projects funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This report also describes opportunities for new projects and collaborations with other organizations related to soft-path integrated water resource management. These potential projects have been identified by the author subsequent to the workshop and have been reviewed and discussed by the NDWRCDP Project Steering Committee.

WWBLMG32DL/Booklet: 25pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00
 
Soil Absorption Systems
National Environmental Services Center

Soil absorption systems (SAS) are the conventional and long-accepted solution for many onsite system applications. Many different configurations exist for soil absorbtion systems that include: trenches, beds, serial distribution, contour trenches, and low pressure pipes. This overview discusses the use of soil for final treatment and dispersal of wastewater effluent using the configurations mentioned above in detail along with advantages and disadvantages for each. Basic operation and maintenance techniques are detailed and general cost ranges for each type of SAS is provided as well. This overview serves as an introduction for the various SAS configurations, highlighting each for the reader to compare and contrast and determine which SAS may be best for their site.

SFBLTO03DL/Booklet: 12pp. (2004)

Price: $0.00


 
Soil Characteristics - Demystifying Dirt
National Environmental Services Center

The Spring 2002 Pipeline focuses on soil characteristics, conditions, and components. Soil evaluation procedures are outlined, and textural properties (feeling and appearance) of mineral soils are explained. Dispersal selection methods are noted under various site constraints. A case study in Indiana describes how Wells and Allen Counties evaluated soils to correct failing systems. This information is accessible to the general public, and could be useful as part of a homeowner or community education program.

SFPLNL29DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00
 
Soil Evaluation for Home Septic Systems
The Ohio State University Extension

Soil is an excellent medium for treatment wastewater. This fact sheet explains the properties of appropriate soil for the installation of a typical septic system.

WWFSPE142DL/Fact Sheet: 2 pp. (2004)

Price: $0.00


 
Soil Facts: Why Do Septic Systems Fail?
North Carolina State University, A&T State University, Cooperative Extension

This fact sheet lists signs of septic system failure and gives the homeowner useful information for preventing failures and for repairing systems. Although the fact sheet is based on North Carolina code, most of the information can be adapted to other states.

WWFSPE113DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (0)

Price: $0.00
 
Source Water Assessment & Protection Workshop Guide (Second Edition)
The Groundwater Foundation

This workshop is designed to provide community representatives with information about source water assessment and protection. This book describes a seven part workshop and includes lessons plans along with overheads and suggested discussion topics for conducting the workshop.

DWBKPE374DL/Book: 231pp. (N/A)

Price: $0.00


 
Source Water Awareness
International City/County Management Association

Clean water and healthy ecosystems are vital in terms of quality of life for both humans and animals. This attractive graphic poster serves to educate the public on where our drinking water comes from, sources of contamination to the water supply and some simple steps to help protect the water supply.

DWPSPE389DL/Poster: 1 pp. (0)

Price: $0.00
Source Water Collaborative's Call to Action Resource Document
Source Water Collaborative's Call to Action Resource Document
Source Water Collaborative

The Source Water Collaborative has provided a list of tools and resources designed to make drinking water protection more accessible. Each section highlights available tools that will help communities achieve specific goals.

DWBLGN92DL/Booklet: 13pp. (2014)

Price: $0.00


 
Source Water Protection for Local Officials
National Environmental Services Center

Your drinking water sources are valuable assets to you and the people you serve. Keeping these source water clean is a smart practice. This issue focuses on onsite wastewater system issues related to source water protection.

SFPLNL50DL/Newsletter: 8pp. (2009)

Price: $0.00
 
Source Water Protection Practices Bullegin - Managing Sanitary Sewer Overflows and Combined Sewer Overflows to Prevent Contamination of Drinking Water
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This fact sheet discusses preventative measures to address sanitary sewage and combined sewer overflows, including monitoring and maintenance programs, employee training, public educaiton, visual inspection of the collection system, elimination of direct pathways of overflows to source water, and incorporation of combined sewer overflow control technologies as required.

WWFSMG44DL/Fact Sheet: 5 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00


 
Source Water Protection Practices Bulletin: Managing Highway Deicing to Prevent Contamination of Drinking Water
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Runoff associated with highway deicing may contain various chemicals and sediment that have the potential to enter and contaminate surface and ground water sources. This bulletin focuses on managing highway deicing chemicals, their application, storage, and ground water quality monitoring. Several additional information sources are listed.

DWBLPE182DL/Fact Sheet: 7 pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00
 
Source Water Protection Practices Bulletin: Managing Sanitary Sewer Overflows and Combined Sewer Overflows to Prevent Contamination of Drinking Water
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

Sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs) are discharges of untreated sewage from municipal sanitary sewer systems and occur as a result of broken pipes, equipment failure, or system overload. Combined sewer overflows (CSOs) are discharges of untreated sewage and stormwater from municipal sewer systems or treatment plants when the volume of wastewater exceeds the system's capacity due to periods of heavy rainfall or snow melt. This fact sheet focuses on the management of SSOs and CSOs to prevent contamination of drinking water sources. Basic preventative measures, such as maintenance programs, employer training, public education, inspections, and control technologies are briefly discussed.

WWFSGN40DL/Fact Sheet: 5 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00

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