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10 Steps: Ten Steps to Maintain Critical Wastewater Services and Protect Public Health in an Emergency
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet describes 10 important steps that plant operators and community officials should take to protect public health in an emergency. It also includes cards that can be handed out to staff to keep emergency phone numbers readily available.

WWBLOM58DL/Poster: 4 pp. (2005)

Price: $0.00
 
A Guide to Safety in Confined Spaces
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institut for Occupational Safety and Health

This booklet serves as a general guide for working in confined spaces, such as digesters, sewers, and septic tanks. It discusses hazards involved with confined spaces and precautions to take to reduce possible injury or death. The booklet provides a checklist to aid workers when entering a confined space to evaluate the situation and be prepared.

GNBLOM40DL/Booklet: 22 pp. (1987)

Price: $0.00


 
A Manual for Managing Septic Systems
Sussex County Planning Department and New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection and Energy

This manual explains how a septic system works and why a management program is needed. Based on experiences in Sussex County, New Jersey, this manual describes what a homeowner should or shouldn't do in the daily operation of a septic system. The manual also provides guidance to local entities for periodic inspections and discusses potential institutional and financing arrangements. Although this manual targets New Jersey, it can serve as a guide for other states in the U.S.

WWBKOM41DL/Book: 182 pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00
 
Biosolids Management Handbook for Small Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTWs)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Wastewater Management

This handbook helps small publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) maintain compliance under the 40 Code of Federal Regulations, Part 503 standards for using and disposing of sewage sludge. These regulations establish operating practices for land application, surface disposal, and incineration. The handbook also describes techniques for reducing pathogen and vector attraction and discusses selecting a contract laboratory. Most of the material relates to requirements for land application.

Price: $0.00


 
Chemical Aids Manual for Wastewater Treatment Facilities
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This manual discusses the proper use of common chemicals in wastewater treatment processes. The manual gives practical guidelines for using chemicals to overcome temporary operational problems or to upgrade performance without extensive design work or plant modifications. The manual specifically addresses:

• chemical selection in terms of treatment efficiency, cost, and other considerations;

• selecting points for injecting chemicals;

• determining proper chemical dosages;

• sludge considerations associated with chemical additions;

• identifying equipment for proper feeding and handling; and

• general information about each chemical, including uses, available forms, commercial strength, cost, safety considerations, feeders, storage, handling materials, and major manufacturers

WWBKOM17DL/Book: 197 pp. (1979)

Price: $0.00
 
Chlorine Disinfection: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet gives a technical overview of chlorine disinfection of wastewater to help people who are weighing treatment options. It describes how the chlorination process works, the basic components of the system, design information, performance characteristics, and the process for dechlorination. Included is an illustration of a compound-loop control system for chlorination with chlorine and dechlorination with sulfur dioxide. Case studies are provided in addition to operation and maintenance requirements, advantages and disadvantages, and cost information.

WWFSOM21DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Collection Systems O&M Fact Sheet Sewer Cleaning and Inspection
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

As sewer system networks age, the risk of blockage and collapse becomes a major concern for municipalities. A proactive cleaning and inspection program is essential to maintaining a properly functioning system. This fact sheet details the various technologies recommended to carry out these procedures. Tables are provided that describe some of the more common sewer cleaning methods and suggested the most appropriate applications of these methods. Limitations of the different inspection techniques and cleaning methods are also described. Two actual case studies are included.

WWFSOM59DL/Fact Sheet: 11pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00
 
Composting Toilet Systems: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet is intended to help people who are weighing treatment options by giving a technical overview of composting toilet systems. The fact sheet describes how the composting process works and the basic components of a composting toilet system. An illustration of a composting toilet is included, in addition to a table of typical pathogen survival times at 20 to 30 degrees Celsius in various environments. Case studies are provided, along with information on performance, cost, advantages and disadvantages, and operation and maintenance.

WWFSOM28DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Detection, Control, and Correction of Hydrogen Sulfide Corrosion in Existing Wastewater Systems
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This book provides a comprehensive guide to detecting, monitoring, and controlling corrosion. Intended for municipalities faced with existing or potential corrosion problems, the book discusses rehabilitating pipes or structures damaged by corrosion. Topics include the H2S corrosion process, major corrosion target areas, alternatives for controlling corrosion in sewers, alternatives for controlling corrosion in pump stations and treatment facilities, and rehabilitation of corroded sewers. Case studies are provided in the appendix.

WWBKOM16DL/Book: 162pp. (1992)

Price: $0.00
 
Draft Framework for Watershed-Based Trading
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This book supplements EPA’s January 1996 policy statement on effluent trading by providing background about what effluent trading is and the benefits it offers. The book discusses how to identify and evaluate trading opportunities and how to design a trading project or program that will ensure water quality protection. Principles and economics of trading are outlined. The book describes trading types, such as point-point source and intra-plant trading, pretreatment trading, point-nonpoint source trading, and nonpoint-nonpoint source trading.

WWBKOM43DL/Book: 141pp. (1996)

Price: $0.00


 
Enforcement Alert: Clean Water Act Prohibits Sewage 'Bypasses'
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance

The Clean Water Act, Section 402, prohibits wastewater dischargers from bypassing untreated or partially treated sewage before it is treated at a publicly owned treatment works facility. Only under certain exceptions do EPA’s bypass regulations allow a facility to bypass some, or all, of the flow from its treatment process. This fact sheet summarizes these exceptions to the rule and uses a federal district court ruling as an example (United States vs. City of Toledo, Ohio).

WWFSOM39DL/Fact Sheet: 2pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00
 
Evapotranspiration Systems: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet is intended to help people who are weighing treatment options by giving a technical overview of evapotranspiration (ET) systems and how they are used in onsite wastewater treatment. The fact sheet defines evapotranspiration and discusses the conditions that must be met in order for and ET system to be effective. The three main types of ET systems (evapotranspiration, evapotranspiration/absorption (ETA), and mechanical) are described. A cross-sectional view of a typical ET bed is illustrated, and information is provided on performance factors, such as the rate of evaporation versus precipitation, hydraulic loading, sand capillary rise characteristics, and cover soil and vegetation. In addition, the fact sheet includes case studies and information on cost, advantages and disadvantages, and operation and maintenance.

WWFSOM32DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Fine Bubble Aeration: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet is intended to help people who are weighing treatment options by giving a technical overview of how fine bubble aeration is used in wastewater treatment. It describes the aeration process, the main types of fine bubble diffusers, design information, and performance characteristics. Included are illustrations of a membrane disc diffuser, dome diffuser, and tube diffuser. Also provided are case studies and information on advantages and disadvantages, operation and maintenance requirements, and cost.

WWFSOM23DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 
Homeowner's Manual For the Operation, Monitoring, and Maintenance of a Gravity On-site Sewage Treatment and Disposal System
University of Washington, Wasington Sea Grant Program

Proper maintenance can help any system run smoothly. This manual is intended to help owners of gravity-fed onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems operate, monitor, and maintain their systems. Proper maintenance helps the system function properly, controls health hazards by preventing pollutuion, and prevents costly repairs. This manual is tailored to owners' specific needs, including information about laws and regualtions, onsite system lyfecycles, property-specific components, record keeping, and system operation. This document also includes illustrations, a glossary, and other materials intended to assist onsite professionals communicate with their clients.

WWBLOM47DL/Booklet: 44pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00


 
Homeowner's Manual For the Operation, Monitoring, and Maintenance of a Mound On-site Sewage Treatment and Disposal System
University of Washington, Wasington Sea Grant Program

This manual is intended to help owners of mound onsite sewage treatment and disposal systems operate, monitor, and maintain their systems. Proper maintenance helps the system function properly, controls health hazards by preventing pollution, and prevents costly repairs. The manual is tailored to owners' specific needs, including information about laws and regulations, onsite system lifecycles, property-specific components, record keeping, and system operation. The document also includes illustrations, a glossary, and other materials intended to assist onsite professionals communicate with their clients.

WWBLOM51DL/Booklet: 42pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00
 
Intermittent Sand Filters: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet is intended to help people who are weighing treatment options by giving a technical overview of intermittent sand filters (ISFs) and how they are used in wastewater treatment. The fact sheet describes how ISFs work, the basic components of the system, and some common types (gravity discharge, pumped discharge, and bottomless ISFs). A typical cross section of an ISF is illustrated, and case studies are provided, in addition to information on design, performance, advantages and disadvantages, operation and maintenance requirements, and cost.

WWFSOM26DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Low-Pressure Pipe Systems: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet is intended to help people who are weighing treatment options by giving a technical overview of low-pressure pipe (LPP) systems and how they are used in wastewater treatment. The fact sheet describes the basic components of an LPP system and how it works and provides information on performance factors such as soil requirements, space requirements, drainage and topography. An illustration of an LPP system is included, in addition to case studies and information on cost, advantages and disadvantages, and operation and maintenance.

WWFSOM29DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 
Mound Systems: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet is intended to help people who are weighing treatment options by giving a technical overview of mound systems and how they are used in wastewater treatment. The fact sheet describes the basic components of a mound system and how it works, and provides information on advantages and disadvantages, siting and design, and performance. A schematic of a Wisconsin mound system is included, in addition to case studies, operation and maintenance requirements, and cost information.

WWFSOM27DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Ozone Disinfection: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet gives a technical overview of ozone disinfection of wastewater to help people who are weighing treatment options. It describes how the ozonation process works, the basic components of the system, design information, and performance characteristics. A diagram of the ozone disinfection process is included. Also provided are case studies and information on advantages and disadvantages, operation and maintenance requirements, and cost.

WWFSOM22DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 
Recirculating Sand Filters: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet is intended to help people who are weighing treatment options by giving a technical overview of recirculating sand filters (RSFs) and how they are used in wastewater treatment. The fact sheet describes how RSFs work, the basic components of the system, design information, and performance characteristics. A typical RSF system is illustrated, and case studies are provided, in addition to information on advantages and disadvantages, operation and maintenance requirements, and cost.

WWFSOM25DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


Sampling Wastewater at a Wastewater Treatment Facility
Sampling Wastewater at a Wastewater Treatment Facility
US Environmental Protection Agency

This video demonstrates sampling procedures and sampling preparation tips at a wastewater treatment plant. It provides techniques to take wastewater samples throughout a treatment facility. The video shows how to evaluate a facility's National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System self-monitoring program to ensure the plant is operating within its compliance permit. A step-by-step approach is outlined.

WWDVOM55DL/Video: 0 pp. (1993)

*** For video downloading and viewing instructions, please use this link

Price: $0.00
 
Septage Management: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet gives a technical overview of septage management and is intended to help people select the most appropriate septage management option for their particular situation. The fact sheet defines septage and discusses the three basic alternatives for septage treatment and disposal, which include land application, treatment at wastewater treatment plants, and treatment at independent septage treatment plants. Specific options for each of these alternatives are described in detail. Methods of stabilizing septage are also detailed. A table is included that lists the characteristics of septage and their minimum and maximum concentrations. Another table lists the sources of septage, characteristics, and removal pump-out rates.

WWFSOM31DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
The Onsite Assistance Program: Helping Small Wastewater Treatment Plants Achieve Permit Compliance
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This booklet outlines the EPA's Onsite Assistance Program implemented in 1982 to address non-compliance at small wastewater treatment plants through onsite operator training and other operation and maintenance assistance. The program operates through a network of operator training personnel in states and EPA regional offices that serve as troubleshooters and trainers. The booklet summarizes the benefits of onsite assistance, how a community can obtain this free assistance, what roles an onsite trainer plays, and success rates of treatment plants that have returned to compliance.

WWBLOM35DL/Booklet: 8 pp. (1990)

Price: $0.00
 
Trickling Filters–Achieving Nitrification: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet is intended to help people who are weighing treatment options by giving a technical overview of trickling filters and how they are used in wastewater treatment to achieve nitrification. The fact sheet discusses the various sources of nitrogen and how trickling filters play a role in converting nitrogen into a form in which it can ultimately be removed from wastewater. A schematic of a trickling filter is included, along with case studies and information on design, performance characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, and operation and maintenance.

WWFSOM24DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
TWIST: The Wastewater Information System Tool
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water

If properly maintained, onsite septic systems are dependable ways to treat residential and small community wastewater. To help health departmenys track and manage onsite and clustered treatment systems, the Twist database was created. TWIST is a Microsoft Access-based data management tool. This download includes a downloadable copy of the TWIST database plus a user guide for the TWIST program.

WWCDOM60DL/Multiple Zip Files: 0 pp. (2006)

Price: $0.00
 
Ultraviolet Disinfection: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet gives a technical overview of ultraviolet (UV) disinfection of wastewater to help people who are weighing treatment options. It describes how the UV process works, system components, design information, and performance characteristics. A typical UV disinfection unit is illustrated, and case studies are included. In addition, operation and maintenance requirements, advantages and disadvantages, and cost information are provided. References used to develop the fact sheet are included for additional information.

WWFSOM20DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00


 
Water Efficiency: A Technical Overview
National Environmental Services Center, National Environmental Services Center

This fact sheet gives a technical overview of water-use efficiency and is intended to familiarize people with various water-saving options that exist and how water efficiency can extend the life of wastewater is produced, thereby having a direct impact on the performance and life of a wastewater system. The fact sheet discusses some water problems encountered by homeowners and communities and how these problems can be countered, in part, by adopting water-efficient programs that target both the engineering and behavioral practices of the community. Utility-based water efficiency measures are detailed, in addition to water-saving devices. A table is provided that lists potential water savings from low-flow fixtures. The fact sheet also includes case studies and discusses personal habits that an individual can practice to use water efficiently.

WWFSOM33DL/Fact Sheet: 4 pp. (1998)

Price: $0.00
 


   
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