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A Handbook of Constructed Wetlands—Volume 1: General Considerations
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Services and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region III,

This volume provides general information about wetland hydrology, soils, and vegetation. It discusses the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of constructed wetlands in the Mid-Atlantic region.

WWBKDM83DL/Book: 53pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00
 
Alternative Wastewater Collection Systems
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Office of Water

This manual contains design information for alternative collection systems, including pressure sewers, vacuum collection systems, and small-diameter gravity systems. It discusses system plans, elevation views, descriptions of on-lot system components, construction, operation and maintenance, management considerations, and cost data.

WWBKDM53DL/Book: 220pp. (1991)

Price: $0.00


 
Combined Sewer Overflow Control
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development

This manual discusses how to select and design control measures to reduce pollutant discharges from combined sewer overflows (CSOs). It presents design information for six commonly used CSO control programs and may be useful to those that develop and review facility plans and long-term CSO control programs.

WWBKDM75DL/Book: 102pp. (1993)

Price: $0.00
 
Constructed Wetlands Treatment of Municipal Wastewaters
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research & Development

This manual discusses the design and maintenance of constructed wetlands and when they are most applicable. For some situations, wetlands are an excellent option because they are low in cost and maintenance requirements, offer good performance, and provide a natural appearance, if not more beneficial ecological benefits. However, because wetlands require large land areas, they are not appropriate for some applications. Constructed wetlands are especially well suited for wastewater treatment in small communities where inexpensive land is available.

WWBKDM98DL/Book: 166 pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00


 
Design and Construction Manual for Sand Mound Systems
State of Maryland, Department of the Environment

This manual provides design information about sewage sludge land application for agricultural, forest, reclamation, and public contact sites. It discusses both regulatory and non-regulatory aspects of applying septage to the land and includes a summary of the Part 503 land application requirements. The appendices provide case studies, regional EPA office information, permit requirements, and measurement conversions.

WWBKDM109DL/Book: 60pp. (2003)

Price: $0.00
 
Design Module for Small-Diameter, Variable-Grade, Gravity Sewers
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Rural Housing Research Unit

This design module details small-diameter, variable grade, and gravity sewers. Example calculations are given using hypothetical situations. Using the standard sewer design procedures along with procedures outlined in this text, a workable small-diameter, variable grade, or gravity sewer can be designed. A Fortran program can be used to calculate the “design matrix”.

WWBLDM13DL/Booklet: 16 pp. (1983)

Price: $0.00


 
Dewatering Municipal Wastewater Sludges
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Center for Environmental Research Information

This manual explains dewatering processes for municipal wastewater sludges, including design parameters, performance capabilities, and design deficiencies. The manual discusses upgrading existing dewatering processes, as well as designing new ones, and plays particular attention to the needs of small facilities. New and currently used technologies are included.

WWBKDM42DL/Book: 222pp. (1982)

Price: $0.00
 
Fine Pore Aeration Systems
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Center for Environmental Research Information, Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory

This manual discusses fine pore aeration devices, including porous ceramic plates, discs, domes, and tubes; rigid plastic tubes; and perforated membrane tubes and discs. The manual presents current practices for selecting, designing, operating, maintaining, and controlling fine pore aeration systems. Other topics include fine pore diffuser characteristics, process performance, cost analysis, and case histories of operating systems.

WWBKDM47DL/Book: 328pp. (1989)

Price: $0.00


 
General Design, Construction and Operation Guidelines:: Constructed Wetlands Wastewater Treatment Systems for Small Users Including Individual Residences, Second Edition
Tennessee Valley Authority

This manual provides guidelines to assist an engineer in designing a small constructed wetland for flows up to 10,000 gallons per day. The manual details pretreatment, hydraulic and organic loading, design, construction, vegetation, and operation and maintenance. Design examples are included for residential or other small constructed wetland systems with septic tank primary treatment.

WWBLDM65DL/Booklet: 38 pp. (1993)

Price: $0.00
 
Guidelines for the Design and Use of Bottomless Sand Filters
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management

The use of sand media to treat wastewater has been practiced with good success for well over one hundred years. Bottomless sand filters are a good technology where certain site and soil conditions make the use of conventional drainfields impractical. This document provides general information to the designer, installer and maintenance provider concerning bottomless sand filters. Siting guidelines are detailed and the system components are described. Several excellent line drawings and diagrams accompany the text. A glossary of wastewater terms is also included.

WWBLDM107DL/Booklet: 33 pp. (2001)

Price: $0.00


 
Guidelines for Water Reuse
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This manual evaluates the requirements and potential benefits of water reuse systems. It discusses how to assess costs and benefits and how to implement a water reuse system. Separate chapters are devoted to each of the key technical, financial, legal, institutional, and public involvement considerations that a reuse planner might examine. In addition, there is a chapter about reuse applications in other countries.

WWBKDM72DL/Book: 262pp. (1992)

Price: $0.00
 
Handbook of Constructed Wetlands: A Guide to Creating Wetlands for Agricultural Wastewater in the Mid-Atlantic Region, Volume 3
U.S. Department of Agriculture - Natural Resources Conservation Service, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - Region III

Agricultural wastewater suitable for wetland treatment include milkhouse wastewaters, runoff from concentrated livestock areas, and effluents from settling tanks and manure treatment lagoons. This volume examines the different types of constructed wetlands used for treating agricultural wastewater and should be used in conjunction with Volume 1. Step-by-step procedures are given for designing constructed wetlands.

WWBLDM85DL/Booklet: 35 pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00


 
Handbook of Constructed Wetlands: A Guide to Creating Wetlands for Domestic Wastewater in the Mid-Atlantic Region, Volume 2
U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency-Region III

This volume discusses using constructed wetlands to treat domestic wastewater. It addresses the various types of constructed wetlands, contaminant removal processes, wastewater characteristics, and performance expectations. This second volume is to be used in conjunction with Volume 1.

WWBLDM84DL/Booklet: 27 pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00
 
Handbook of Constructed Wetlands: A Guide to Creating Wetlands for Stormwater in the Mid-Atlantic Region, Volume 5
U.S. Department of Agriculture - Natural Resources Conservation Service, and U.S. Environmental Protection Agnecy - Region III

This volume discusses using constructed wetlands to treat stormwater runoff. It addresses contaminant removal processes; performance of stormwater wetlands; design, siting, vegetation; and operation and maintenance. This volume is to be used in conjunction with Volume 1.

WWBLDM86DL/Booklet: 38 pp. (1994)

Price: $0.00


 
Land Application of Municipal Sludge
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory

This manual presents a rational procedure for designing municipal sludge land application systems. The manual discusses using sludge in agriculture and forestry and for reclaiming disturbed mining lands and marginal lands. The manual presents a two-phased planning approach to site identification, evaluation, and selection, along with information about field investigation.

WWBKDM34DL/Book: 446pp. (1983)

Price: $0.00
 
Land Application of Sewage Sludge and Domestic Septage
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research & Development

This manual provides design information about sewage sludge land application for agricultural, forest, reclamation, and public contact sites. It discusses both regulatory and non-regulatory aspects of applying septage to the land and includes a summary of the Part 503 land application requirements. The appendices provide case studies, regional EPA office information, permit requirements, and measurement conversions.

WWBKDM82DL/Book: 301pp. (1995)

Price: $0.00


 
Low-Pressure Pipe Sewage System Installation and Design
Lincoln Trail District Health Department

Design and installation methods are crucial for obtaining proper low-pressure pipe (LPP) system performance. This manual is intended to be used as a voluntary reference for installers, inspectors, and users of LPP sewage disposal systems. The table, charts, figures, and instructions in this manual give detailed step-by-step procedures to use when designing LPP systems. This manual will be helpful to engineers, planners, managers, public health officials, operators, and contractors/developers.

WWBLDM101DL/Booklet: 49 pp. (0)

Price: $0.00
 
Onsite Sewage Treatment and Disposal Using Sand Filter Treatment Systems; Guidelines and Specifications
Placer County Environmental Health Services

This booklet contains guidelines for minimum design and construction standards for intermittent sand filters in Placer County, California. A group of Environmental Health Services staff, local design consultants, and local onsite sewage system installers developed these guidelines. This is not a design manual, but rather encourages innovation and creative thinking where appropriate, recognizing that there are often different ways to achieve optimum results. The booklet provides information about setback requirements, system sizing, pumps and floats, and operation and maintenance requirements. A distribution bed example, a sample construction inspection report, and detailed diagrams are also included.

WWBLDM90DL/Booklet: 41 pp. (1996)

Price: $0.00


 
Onsite Wastewater Disposal: Distribution Networks for Subsurface Soil Absorption Systems
Rural Systems Engineering

This semi-technical paper explains distribution networks for subsurface soil absorption systems. Topics include methods of distribution, design, construction, and operation and maintenance. The booklet gives descriptions of design steps for numerous distribution networks included in the classes of large and small-diameter pipe networks.

WWBLDM03DL/Booklet: 46 pp. (1983)

Price: $0.00
 
Onsite Wastewater Disposal: Evapotranspiration and Evapotranspiration/Absorption Systems
Rural Systems Engineering

This design module provides an in-depth technical report on the application, construction, operation, and maintenance of evapotranspiration and evapotranspiration (ET) and ET/absorption systems in the U.S. Climate is cited at the most significant constraint on the use of ET systems; others include vegetation, water use, and pretreatment. Design specifics are better defined by local health officials to include local conditions. However, the module discusses general design considerations, including the required surface area, system depth, the distribution network, surface cover, vegetation, siting, and construction materials.

WWBLDM04DL/Booklet: 16 pp. (1983)

Price: $0.00


 
Onsite Wastewater Treatment and Disposal Systems
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water Program Operations

This design manual provides technical information about onsite wastewater treatment and disposal systems. It discusses site evaluation procedures, characteristics of wastewater, various treatment and disposal methods, appurtenances, residuals disposal, and managing onsite systems. An appendix includes soil properties and soil-water relationships.

WWBKDM35DL/Book: 411pp. (1980)

Price: $0.00
 
Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research & Development

This manual contains overview information on onsite wastewater treatment technologies, installation practices, and past performance. However, it does not provide detailed design information and is not intended as a substitute for region- and state-specific conditions, technologies, and practices appropriate to each individual jurisdiction. The manual's information provides an operational framework for developing and improving Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems program structure, criteria, alternative designs, and performance requirements. The chapters in the manual cover various issues, including:

• the importance of planning to ensure that system densities are appropriate for prevailing hydrologic and geologic conditions,

• performance requirements to guide system design,

• wastewater characterizations accurately predicting waste strength and flows,

• site evaluations that identify appropriate design and performance boundaries,

• technology selection to ensure that performance requirements are met,

• management activities that govern installation, and

• operation, maintenance, and remediation of failed systems.

WWCDDM99DL/Book: 367pp. (2002)

Price: $0.00


 
Onsite Wastewater Treatment: Septic Tanks
Rural Systems Engineering

This semi-technical book examines onsite wastewater treatment using a septic tank. It discusses the function and design of septic tanks, including volume and geometry. A table is included showing typical wastewater flows from commercial, institutional, and recreational services. Additional sections discuss construction and operation and maintenance of septic tanks.

WWBLDM18DL/Booklet: 15 pp. (1980)

Price: $0.00
 
Process Design Manual: Land Treatment of Municipal Wastewater Effluents
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development

Land treatment is the application of appropriately treated municipal and industrial wastewater on the land at a controlled rate in an environmentally sound manner. This manual describes the three principal land treatment processes: slow rate, overland flow and soil aquifer treatment (also known as rapid infiltration). This manual provides design critera for the planning, design, construction and operation of land treatment systems. Many tables and graphics are included.

WWBKDM110DL/Book: 194pp. (2006)

Price: $0.00


 
Recirculating Sand/Gravel Filters for On-Site Treatment of Domestic Wastes
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Biological Systems Engineering, College of Agricultural and Life Science

This booklet provides an overview of recirculating sand filter principles, design, construction, and maintenance. Sand filter technology has been available for many years but new advances, as well as increased environmental regulations, have made the technology more attractive and reliable.

WWBLDM87DL/Booklet: 25pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00
 
Retrofitting POTWs
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Center for Environmental Research Information

This manual describes ways to improve the performance of an existing, non-compliant wastewater treatment facility. The manual outlines a method for evaluating performance and systematically improving it to achieve proper discharge levels. Different facility modifications are discussed for preliminary/primary treatment, fixed-film treatment, suspended-growth treatment, wastewater stabilization ponds, and sludge treatment and disposal.

WWBKDM46DL/Book: 308pp. (1989)

Price: $0.00


 
Sewer System Infrastructure Analysis and Rehabilitation
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development

This book gives guidelines for evaluating and rehabilitating existing sewers. It presents information about typical problems, procedures, and methods for rehabilitation; case study information; budgetary costs; advantages and disadvantages of rehabilitation techniques and application of these techniques; and materials used in rehabilitation.

WWBKDM67DL/Book: 105pp. (1991)

Price: $0.00
 
Single Pass Sand Filters For On-Site Treatment of Domestic Wastes
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Biological Systems Engineering College of Agricultural and Life Sciences

This booklet discusses single-pass sand filter principles, design, construction, and maintenance. It examines the role of septic tanks in sand filter systems, sources of wastewater, performance curves for turbine-type pumps, and more. Illustrations depict different configurations of single-pass sand filters and tables list recommended sand media and design loading rates.

WWBLDM88DL/Booklet: 20 pp. (1999)

Price: $0.00


 
Site Evaluation for Onsite Treatment and Disposal Systems
Rural Systems Engineering

This semi-technical design manual discusses site evaluations. Critical site and soil characteristics, the use of soil surveys, and necessary equipment are discussed. The manual also explains factors affecting the percolation test.

WWBLDM12DL/Booklet: 16 pp. (1983)

Price: $0.00
 
Subsurface Soil Absorption of Wastewater: Artificially Drained Systems
Richard Otis, Rural Systems Engineering

This booklet provides semi-technical descriptions for using, constructing, and maintaining curtain drains, vertical drains, and underdrains. Site considerations for such systems are discussed, including necessary information to be gathered during a site evaluation. The booklet also includes technical design descriptions for selecting a drainage system and calculations in regard to each system.

WWBLDM01DL/Booklet: 19pp. (1983)

Price: $0.00


 
Subsurface Soil Absorption of Wastewater: Trenches and Beds
Rural Systems Engineering

This technical design module describes trenches and beds and includes information on site criteria, design, construction, and operation and maintenance. Examples of sizing calculations for loading rates and infiltrative surface area are given. The manual discusses shallow and deep design and lists advantages of each system layout and methods of distribution.

WWBLDM14DL/Booklet: 26 pp. (1983)

Price: $0.00
 
Technical Support Document for Water Quality-based Toxics Control
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water

This revised book presents recommendations to help regulatory authorities control point source discharge of toxic pollutants. It details each step of the toxics control process, from standards development to compliance monitoring. The book also provides data for various recommendations that were made in the original book.

WWBKDM68DL/Book: 335pp. (1991)

Price: $0.00


 
Wastewater Treatment/Disposal Systems for Small Communities
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Office of Water

This manual explains the required steps for developing effective small community wastewater management systems, highlighting specific design characteristics and management functions. It describes the alternative treatment technologies available for small-scale applications.

WWBKDM70DL/Book: 120pp. (1992)

Price: $0.00
 
Wisconsin Mound Soil Absorption System Siting, Design, and Construction Manual
University of Wisconsin - Madison, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences

In this design manual, a brief history of the Wisconsin mound system precedes an in-depth report on the system's components, performance, construction, and operation and maintenance. The manual includes siting criteria, mound design concepts, and a design example.

WWBLDM09DL/Booklet: 32 pp. (2000)

Price: $0.00


   
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